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AERONAUT A?r*o*naut, n. Etym: [F. a?ronaute, fr. Gr. Nautical.] Defn: An a?rial navigator; a balloonist.


AERONAUTIC; AERONAUTICAL A`?r*o*nautic, A`?r*o*nautic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. a?ronauitique.] Defn: Pertaining to a?ronautics, or a?rial sailing.


AERONAUTICS A`?r*o*nautics, n. Defn: The science or art of ascending and sailing in the air, as by means of a balloon; a?rial navigation; ballooning.


AERONEF A?r*o*nef`, n. [F. a?ronef.] Defn: A power-driven, heavier-than-air flying machine.


AEROPHOBIA; AEROPHOBY A`?r*o*phobi*a, A`?r*opho*by, n. Etym: [A?ro- + Gr. a?rophobie.] (Med.) Defn: Dread of a current of air.


AEROPHONE A?r*o*phone`, n. [A?ro- + Gr. voice.] (a) A form of combined speaking and ear trumpet. (b) An instrument, proposed by Edison, for greatly intensifying speech. It consists of a phonograph diaphragm so arranged that its action opens and closes valves, producing synchronous air blasts sufficient to operate a larger diaphragm with greater amplitude of vibration.


AEROPHYTE A?r*o*phyte (, n. Etym: [A?ro- + Gr. a?rophyte.] (Bot.) Defn: A plant growing entirely in the air, and receiving its nourishment from it; an air plant or epiphyte.


AEROPLANE A?r*o*plane` (, n. Etym: [A?ro- + plane.] Defn: A flying machine, or a small plane for experiments on flying, which floats in the air only when propelled through it.


AEROPLANIST A?r*o*plan`ist, n. Defn: One who flies in an a?roplane.


AEROSCOPE A?r*o*scope (, n. Etym: [A?ro- + Gr. (Biol.) Defn: An apparatus designed for collecting spores, germs, bacteria, etc., suspended in the air.


AEROSCOPY A`?r*osco*py (, n. Etym: [A?ro- + Gr. Defn: The observation of the state and variations of the atmosphere.


AEROSE ?*rose (, a. Etym: [L. aerosus, fr. aes, aeris, brass, copper.] Defn: Of the nature of, or like, copper; brassy. [R.]


AEROSIDERITE A`?r*o*sider*ite (, n. Etym: [A?ro- + siderite.] (Meteor.) Defn: A mass of meteoric iron.


AEROSPHERE A?r*o*sphere (, n. Etym: [A?ro- + sphere: cf. F. a?rosph?re.] Defn: The atmosphere. [R.]


AEROSTAT A?r*o*stat (, n. Etym: [F. a?rostat, fr. Gr. Statics.] 1. A balloon. 2. A balloonist; an a?ronaut.


AEROSTATIC; AEROSTATICAL A`?r*o*static (, A`?r*o*static*al (, a. Etym: [A?ro- + Gr. a?rostatique. See Statical, Statics.] 1. Of or pertaining to a?rostatics; pneumatic. 2. A?ronautic; as, an a?rostatic voyage.


AEROSTATICS A`?r*o*statics (, n. Defn: The science that treats of the equilibrium of elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained in them. Hence it includes a?ronautics.


AEROSTATION A`?r*os*tation (, n. Etym: [Cf. F. a?rostation the art of using a?rostats.] 1. A?rial navigation; the art of raising and guiding balloons in the air. 2. The science of weighing air; a?rostatics. [Obs.]


AEROTAXIS A?r*o*tax`is, n. [NL. See A?ro-; Taxis.] (Bacteriology) Defn: The positive or negative stimulus exerted by oxygen on a?robic and ana?robic bacteria. -- A`?r*o*tactic (#), a.


AEROTHERAPENTICS A`?r*o*ther`a*pentics, n. [A?ro- + therapeutics.] (Med.) Defn: Treatment of disease by the use of air or other gases.


AEROYACHT A?r*o*yacht`, n. [A?ro- + yacht.] Defn: A form of hydro-a?roplane; a flying boat.


AERUGINOUS ?*rugi*nous (, a. Etym: [L. aeruginosus, fr. aerugo rust of copper, fr. aes copper: cf. F. ?rugineux.] Defn: Of the nature or color of verdigris, or the rust of copper.


AERUGO ?*rugo (, n. Etym: [L. aes brass, copper.] Defn: The rust of any metal, esp. of brass or copper; verdigris.


AERY Aery (, n. Defn: An aerie.


AERY A?r*y (, a. Etym: [See Air.] Defn: A?rial; ethereal; incorporeal; visionary. [Poetic] M. Arnold.


AESCULAPIAN ?s`cu*lapi*an (, a. Defn: Pertaining to ?sculapius or to the healing art; medical; medicinal.


AESCULAPIUS ?s`cu*lapi*us (, n. Etym: [L. Aesculapius, Gr. (Myth.) Defn: The god of medicine. Hence, a physician.


AESCULIN ?scu*lin (, n. Defn: Same as Esculin.


AESIR ?sir, n. pl. [Icel., pl. of ass god.] Defn: In the old Norse mythology, the gods Odin, Thor, Loki, Balder, Frigg, and the others. Their home was called Asgard.


AESOPIAN; ESOPIAN ?*sopi*an, E*sopi*an (, a. Etym: [L. Aesopius, from Gr. (.] Defn: Of or pertaining to ?sop, or in his manner.


AESOPIC; ESOPIC ?*sopic, E*sopic (, a. Etym: [L. Aesopicus, Gr. Defn: Same as ?sopian.


AESTHESIA ?s*thesi*a (, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Perception by the senses; feeling; -- the opposite of an?sthesia.


AESTHESIOMETER; ESTHESIOMETER ?s*the`si*ome*ter, Es*the`si*ome*ter (, n. Etym: [Gr. ?sthesia) + - meter.] Defn: An instrument to measure the degree of sensation, by determining at how short a distance two impressions upon the skin can be distinguished, and thus to determine whether the condition of tactile sensibility is normal or altered.


AESTHESIS ?s*the"sis (, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Sensuous perception. [R.] Ruskin.


AESTHESODIC ?s`the*sodic (, a. Etym: [Gr. esth?sodique.] (Physiol.) Defn: Conveying sensory or afferent impulses; -- said of nerves.


AESTHETE ?sthete (, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: One who makes much or overmuch of ?sthetics. [Recent]


AESTHETIC; AESTHETICAL ?s*thetic (, ?s*thetic*al (, a. Defn: Of or Pertaining to ?sthetics; versed in ?sthetics; as, ?sthetic studies, emotions, ideas, persons, etc. -- ?s*thetic*al*ly, adv.


AESTHETICAN ?s`the*tican, n. Defn: One versed in ?sthetics.


AESTHETICISM ?s*theti*cism, n. Defn: The doctrine of ?sthetics; ?sthetic principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art. Lowell.


AESTHETICS; ESTHETICS ?s*thetics, Es*thetics (, n. Etym: [Gr. ?sthetik, F. esth?tique.] Defn: The theory or philosophy of taste; the science of the beautiful in nature and art; esp. that which treats of the expression and embodiment of beauty by art.


AESTHO-PHYSIOLOGY ?s`tho-phys`i*olo*gy(#), n. Etym: [Gr. physiology.] Defn: The science of sensation in relation to nervous action. H. Spenser.


AESTIVAL ?sti*val, a. Etym: [L. aestivalis, aestivus, fr. aestas summer.] Defn: Of or belonging to the summer; as, ?stival diseases. [Spelt also estival.]


AESTIVATE ?sti*vate, v. i. Etym: [L. aestivare, aestivatum.] 1. To spend the summer. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: To pass the summer in a state of torpor. [Spelt also estivate.]


AESTIVATION ?s`ti*vation, n. 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: The state of torpidity induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain snails; -- opposed to hibernation. 2. (Bot.) Defn: The arrangement of the petals in a flower bud, as to folding, overlapping, etc.; prefloration. Gray. [Spelt also estivation.]


AESTUARY ?stu*a*ry, n. & a. Defn: See Estuary.


AESTUOUS ?stu*ous, a. Etym: [L. aestuosus, fr. aestus fire, glow.] Defn: Glowing; agitated, as with heat.


AETHEOGAMOUS A*?`the*oga*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Propagated in an unusual way; cryptogamous.


AETHER ?ther, n. Defn: See Ether.


AETHIOPS MINERAL ?thi*ops miner*al. (Chem.) Defn: Same as Ethiops mineral. [Obs.]


AETHOGEN ?tho*gen, n. Etym: [Gr. -gen.] (Chem.) Defn: A compound of nitrogen and boro


AETHRIOSCOPE ?thri*o*scope, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An instrument consisting in part of a differential thermometer. It is used for measuring changes of temperature produced by different conditions of the sky, as when clear or clouded.


AETIOLOGICAL ?`ti*o*logic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to ?tiology; assigning a cause. -- ?`ti*o*logic*al*ly, adv.


AETIOLOGY ?`ti*olo*gy, n. Etym: [L. aetologia, Gr. ?tiologie.] 1. The science, doctrine, or demonstration of causes; esp., the investigation of the causes of any disease; the science of the origin and development of things. 2. The assignment of a cause.


AETITES A`?*tites, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: See Eaglestone.


AFAR A*far, adv. Etym: [Pref. a-.(for on or of) + far.] Defn: At, to, or from a great distance; far away; -- often used with from preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I saw him afar off. The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar. Beattie.


AFEARD A*feard, p. a. Etym: [OE. afered, AS. af, p. p. of af to frighten; a- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + fran to frighten. See Fear.] Defn: Afraid. [Obs.] Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises. Shak.


AFER Afer, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: The southwest wind. Milton.


AFFABILITY Af`fa*bili*ty, n. Etym: [L. affabilitas: cf. F. affabilit?.] Defn: The quality of being affable; readiness to converse; courteousness in receiving others and in conversation; complaisant behavior. Affability is of a wonderful efficacy or power in procuring love. Elyot


AFFABLE Affa*ble, a. Etym: [F. affable, L. affabilis, fr. affari to speak to; ad + fari to speak. See Fable.] 1. Easy to be spoken to or addressed; receiving others kindly and conversing with them in a free and friendly manner; courteous; sociable. An affable and courteous gentleman. Shak. His manners polite and affable. Macaulay. 2. Gracious; mild; benign. A serene and affable countenance. Tatler. Syn. -- Courteous; civil; complaisant; accessible; mild; benign; condescending.


AFFABLENESS Affa*ble*ness, n. Defn: Affability.


AFFABLY Affa*bly, adv. Defn: In an affable manner; courteously.


AFFABROUS Affa*brous, a. Etym: [L. affaber workmanlike; ad + faber.] Defn: Executed in a workmanlike manner; ingeniously made. [R.] Bailey.


AFFAIR Af*fair, n. Etym: [OE. afere, affere, OF. afaire, F. affaire, fr. a faire to do; L.. ad + facere to do. See Fact, and cf. Ado.] 1. That which is done or is to be done; matter; concern; as, a difficult affair to manage; business of any kind, commercial, professional, or public; -- often in the plural. At the head of affairs. Junius. A talent for affairs. Prescott. 2. Any proceeding or action which it is wished to refer to or characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a duel; an affair of love, i. e., an intrigue. 3. (Mil.) Defn: An action or engagement not of sufficient magnitude to be called a battle. 4. Action; endeavor. [Obs.] And with his best affair Obeyed the pleasure of the Sun. Chapman. 5. A material object (vaguely designated). A certain affair of fine red cloth much worn and faded. Hawthorne.


AFFAMISH Af*famish, v. t. & i. Etym: [F. affamer, fr. L. ad + fames hunger. See Famish.] Defn: To afflict with, or perish from, hunger. [Obs.] Spenser.


AFFAMISHMENT Af*famish*ment, n. Defn: Starvation. Bp. Hall.


AFFATUATE Af*fatu*ate, v. t. Etym: [L. ad + fatuus foolish.] Defn: To infatuate. [Obs.] Milton.


AFFEAR Af*fear, v. t. Etym: [OE. aferen, AS. af. See Afeard.] Defn: To frighten. [Obs.] Spenser.


AFFECT Af*fect, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affected; p. pr. & vb. n. Affecting.] Etym: [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by active agency; ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L. affectare, freq. of afficere. See Fact.] 1. To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon. As might affect the earth with cold heat. Milton. The climate affected their health and spirits. Macaulay. 2. To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to touch. A consideration of the rationale of our passions seems to me very necessary for all who would affect them upon solid and pure principles. 3. To love; to regard with affection. [Obs.] As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected, rather honored than loved, her. Fuller. 4. To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to choose; hence, to frequent habitually. For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for Shak. Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor court that of the great. Hazlitt. 5. To dispose or incline. Men whom they thought best affected to religion and their country's liberty. Milton. 6. To aim at; to aspire; to covet. [Obs.] This proud man affects imperial Dryden. 7. To tend to by affinity or disposition. The drops of every fluid affect a round figure. Newton. 8. To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to assume; as, to affect ignorance. Careless she is with artful care, Affecting to seem unaffected. Congreve. Thou dost affect my manners. Shak. 9. To assign; to appoint. [R.] One of the domestics was affected to his special service. Thackeray. Syn. -- To influence; operate; act on; concern; move; melt; soften; subdue; overcome; pretend; assume.


AFFECT Af*fect, n. Etym: [L. affectus.] Defn: Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition. [Obs.] Shak.


AFFECTATION Af`fec*tation, n. Etym: [L. affectatio: cf. F. affectation.] 1. An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false display; artificial show. An affectation of contempt. Macaulay. Affectation is an awkward and forced imitation of what should be genuine and easy, wanting the beauty that accompanies what is natural what is natural. Locke. 2. A striving after. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson. 3. Fondness; affection. [Obs.] Hooker.


AFFECTATIONIST Af`fec*tation*ist, n. Defn: One who exhibits affectation. [R.] Fitzed. Hall.


AFFECTED Af*fected, p. p. & a. 1. Regarded with affection; beloved. [Obs.] His affected Hercules. Chapman. 2. Inclined; disposed; attached. How stand you affected his wish Shak. 3. Given to false show; assuming or pretending to posses what is not natural or real. He is . . . too spruce, too affected, too odd. Shak. 4. Assumed artificially; not natural. Affected coldness and indifference. Addison. 5. (Alg.) Defn: Made up of terms involving different powers of the unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.


AFFECTEDLY Af*fected*ly, adv. 1. In an affected manner; hypocritically; with more show than reality. 2. Lovingly; with tender care. [Obs.] Shak.


AFFECTEDNESS Af*fected*ness, n. Defn: Affectation.


AFFECTER Af*fecter, n. Defn: One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives after. Affecters of wit. Abp. Secker.


AFFECTIBILITY Af*fect`i*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality or state of being affectible. [R.]


AFFECTIBLE Af*fecti*ble, a. Defn: That may be affected. [R.] Lay aside the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely, become affectible. Coleridge.


AFFECTING Af*fecting, a. 1. Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an affecting sight. The most affecting music is generally the most simple. 2. Affected; given to false show. [Obs.] A drawling; affecting rouge. Shak.


AFFECTINGLY Af*fecting*ly, adv. Defn: In an affecting manner; is a manner to excite emotions.


AFFECTION Af*fection, n. Etym: [F. affection, L. affectio, fr. afficere. See Affect.] 1. The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected. 2. An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies. The affections of quantity. Boyle. And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less, An old and strange affection of the house. Tennyson. 3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc. ; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency. Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or quality. Cogan. 4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; -- often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children. All his affections are set on his own country. Macaulay. 5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.] Bp. Aylmer. 6. (Med.) Defn: Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection. Dunglison. 7. The lively representation of any emotion. Wotton. 8. Affectation. [Obs.] Spruce affection. Shak. 9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.] Most wretched man, That to affections does the bridle lend. Spenser. Syn. -- Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness; love; good will. See Attachment; Disease.


AFFECTIONAL Af*fection*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the affections; as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature.


AFFECTIONATE Af*fection*ate, a. Etym: [Cf. F. affectionn?.] 1. Having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate brother. 2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [Obs.] Johson. Man, in his love God, and desire to please him, can never be too affectionate. Sprat. 3. Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as, the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance, message, language. 4. Strongly inclined; -- with to. [Obs.] Bacon. Syn. -- Tender; attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond; earnest; ardent.


AFFECTIONATED Af*fection*a`ted, a. Defn: Disposed; inclined. [Obs.] Affectionated to the people. Holinshed.


AFFECTIONATELY Af*fection*ate*ly, adv. Defn: With affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly.


AFFECTIONATENESS Af*fection*ate*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being affectionate; fondness; affection.


AFFECTIONED Af*fectioned, a. 1. Disposed. [Archaic] Be kindly affectioned one to another. Rom. xii. 10. 2. Affected; conceited. [Obs.] Shak.


AFFECTIVE Af*fective, a. Etym: [Cf. F. affectif.] 1. Tending to affect; affecting. [Obs.] Burnet. 2. Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional; emotional. Rogers.


AFFECTIVELY Af*fective*ly, adv. Defn: In an affective manner; impressively; emotionally.


AFFECTUOUS Af*fectu*ous, a. Etym: [L. affectuous: cf. F. affectueux. See Affect.] Defn: Full of passion or emotion; earnest. [Obs.] -- Af*fectu*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.] Fabyan.


AFFEER Af*feer, v. t. Etym: [OF. aforer, afeurer, to tax, appraise, assess, fr. L. ad + forum market, court of justice, in LL. also meaning pri.] 1. To confirm; to assure. [Obs.] The title is affeered. Shak. 2. (Old Law) Defn: To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum. Amercements . . . were affeered by the judges. Blackstone.


AFFEERER; AFFEEROR Af*feerer, Af*feeror, n. Etym: [OF. aforeur, LL. afforator.] (Old Law) Defn: One who affeers. Cowell.


AFFEERMENT Af*feerment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. aforement.] (Old Law) Defn: The act of affeering. Blackstone.


AFFERENT Affer*ent, a. Etym: [L. afferens, p. pr. of afferre; ad + ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) Defn: Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; -- opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.


AFFETTUOSO Af*fet`tu*oso, adv. Etym: [It.] (Mus.) Defn: With feeling.


AFFIANCE Af*fiance, n. Etym: [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF. afiance, fr. afier to trust, fr. LL. affidare to trust; ad + fidare to trust, fr. L. fides faith. See Faith, and cf. Affidavit, Affy, Confidence.] 1. Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise. 2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence. Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in the divine love. Sir J. Stephen. Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have Most joy and most affiance. Tennyson.


AFFIANCE Af*fiance, v. t. [imp. Affianced; p. pr. Affiancing.] Etym: [Cf. OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.] 1. To betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one's self or another) in marriage. To me, sad maid, he was affianced. Spenser. 2. To assure by promise. [Obs.] Pope.


AFFIANCER Af*fian*cer, n. Defn: One who makes a contract of marriage between two persons.


AFFIANT Af*fiant, n. Etym: [From p. pr. of OF. afier, LL. affidare. See Affidavit.] (Law) Defn: One who makes an affidavit. [U. S.] Burrill. Syn. -- Deponent. See Deponent.


AFFICHE Af`fiche, n. [F., fr. afficher to affix.] Defn: A written or printed notice to be posted, as on a wall; a poster; a placard.


AFFIDAVIT Af`fi*davit, n. Etym: [LL. affidavit he has made oath, perfect tense of affidare. See Affiance, Affy.] (Law) Defn: A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate. Bouvier. Burrill. Note: It is always made ex parte, and without cross-examination, and in this differs from a deposition. It is also applied to written statements made on affirmation. Syn. -- Deposition. See Deposition.

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