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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ADULATOR

ADULATOR Adu*la`tor, n. Etym: [L., fr. adulari: cf. F. adulateur.] Defn: A servile or hypocritical flatterer. Carlyle.

ADULATORY

ADULATORY Adu*la*to*ry, a. Etym: [L. adulatorius, fr. adulari: cf. OF. adulatoire.] Defn: Containing excessive praise or compliment; servilely praising; flattering; as, an adulatory address. A mere rant of adulatory freedom. Burke.

ADULATRESS

ADULATRESS Adu*la`tress, n. Defn: A woman who flatters with servility.

ADULT

ADULT A*dult, a. Etym: [L. adultus, p. p. of adolescere, akin to alere to nourish: cf. F. adulte. See Adolescent, Old.] Defn: Having arrived at maturity, or to full size and strength; matured; as, an adult person or plant; an adult ape; an adult age.

ADULT

ADULT A*dult, n. Defn: A person, animal, or plant grown to full size and strength; one who has reached maturity. Note: In the common law, the term is applied to a person who has attained full age or legal majority; in the civil law, to males after the age of fourteen, and to females after twelve.

ADULTER

ADULTER A*dulter, v. i. Etym: [L. adulterare.] Defn: To commit adultery; to pollute. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

ADULTERANT

ADULTERANT A*dulter*ant, n. Etym: [L. adulterans, p. pr. of adulterare.] Defn: That which is used to adulterate anything. -- a. Adulterating; as, adulterant agents and processes.

ADULTERATE

ADULTERATE A*dulter*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adulterated; p. pr. & vb. n Adulterating.] Etym: [L. adulteratus, p. p. of adulterare, fr. adulter adulterer, prob. fr. ad + alter other, properly one who approaches another on account of unlawful love. Cf. Advoutry.] 1. To defile by adultery. [Obs.] Milton. 2. To corrupt, debase, or make impure by an admixture of a foreign or a baser substance; as, to adulterate food, drink, drugs, coin, etc. The present war has . . . adulterated our tongue with strange words. Spectator. Syn. -- To corrupt; defile; debase; contaminate; vitiate; sophisticate.

ADULTERATE

ADULTERATE A*dulter*ate, v. i. Defn: To commit adultery. [Obs.]

ADULTERATE

ADULTERATE A*dulter*ate, a. 1. Tainted with adultery. 2. Debased by the admixture of a foreign substance; adulterated; spurious. -- A*dulter*ate*ly, adv. -- A*dulter*ate*ness, n.

ADULTERATION

ADULTERATION A*dul`ter*ation, n. Etym: [L. adulteratio.] 1. The act of adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or drink) by foreign mixture. The shameless adulteration of the coin. Prescott. 2. An adulterated state or product.

ADULTERATOR

ADULTERATOR A*dulter*a`tor, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: One who adulterates or corrupts. [R.] Cudworth.

ADULTERER

ADULTERER A*dulter*er, n. Etym: [Formed fr. the verb adulter, with the E. ending -er. See Advoutrer.] 1. A man who commits adultery; a married man who has sexual intercourse with a woman not his wife. 2. (Script.) Defn: A man who violates his religious covenant. Jer. ix. 2.

ADULTERESS

ADULTERESS A*dulter*ess, n. Etym: [Fem. from L. adulter. Cf. Advoutress.] 1. A woman who commits adultery. 2. (Script.) Defn: A woman who violates her religious engagements. James iv. 4.

ADULTERINE

ADULTERINE A*dulter*ine, a.Etym: [L. adulterinus, fr. adulter.] Defn: Proceeding from adulterous intercourse. Hence: Spurious; without the support of law; illegal. When any particular class of artificers or traders thought proper to act as a corporation without a charter, such were called adulterine guilds. Adam Smith.

ADULTERINE

ADULTERINE A*dulter*ine, n. Defn: An illegitimate child. [R.]

ADULTERIZE

ADULTERIZE A*dulter*ize, v. i. Defn: To commit adultery. Milton.

ADULTEROUS

ADULTEROUS A*dulter*ous, a. 1. Guilty of, or given to, adultery; pertaining to adultery; illicit. Dryden. 2. Characterized by adulteration; spurious. An adulterous mixture. [Obs.] Smollett.

ADULTEROUSLY

ADULTEROUSLY A*dulter*ous*ly, adv. Defn: In an adulterous manner.

ADULTERY

ADULTERY A*dulter*y, n.; pl. Adulteries(#). Etym: [L. adulterium. See Advoutry.] 1. The unfaithfulness of a married person to the marriage bed; sexual intercourse by a married man with another than his wife, or voluntary sexual intercourse by a married woman with another than her husband. Note: It is adultery on the part of the married wrongdoer. The word has also been used to characterize the act of an unmarried participator, the other being married. In the United States the definition varies with the local statutes. Unlawful intercourse between two married persons is sometimes called double adultery; between a married and an unmarried person, single adultery. 2. Adulteration; corruption. [Obs.] B. Jonson. 3. (Script.) (a) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well as act, as forbidden by the seventh commandment. (b) Faithlessness in religion. Jer. iii. 9. 4. (Old Law) Defn: The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of adultery. 5. (Eccl.) Defn: The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during the life of the bishop. 6. Injury; degradation; ruin. [Obs.] You might wrest the caduceus out of my hand to the adultery and spoil of nature. B. Jonson.

ADULTNESS

ADULTNESS A*dultness, n. Defn: The state of being adult.

ADUMBRANT

ADUMBRANT Ad*umbrant, a. Etym: [L. adumbrans, p. pr. of adumbrare.] Defn: Giving a faint shadow, or slight resemblance; shadowing forth.

ADUMBRATE

ADUMBRATE Ad*umbrate, v. t. Etym: [L. adumbratus, p. p. of adumbrare; ad + umbrare to shade; umbra shadow.] 1. To give a faint shadow or slight representation of; to outline; to shadow forth. Both in the vastness and the richness of the visible universe the invisible God is adumbrated. L. Taylor. 2. To overshadow; to shade.

ADUMBRATION

ADUMBRATION Ad`um*bration, n. Etym: [L. adumbratio.] 1. The act of adumbrating, or shadowing forth. 2. A faint sketch; an outline; an imperfect portrayal or representation of a thing. Elegant adumbrations of sacred truth. Bp. Horsley. 3. (Her.) Defn: The shadow or outlines of a figure.

ADUMBRATIVE

ADUMBRATIVE Ad*umbra*tive, a. Defn: Faintly representing; typical. Carlyle.

ADUNATION

ADUNATION Ad`u*nation, n. Etym: [L. adunatio; ad + unus one.] Defn: A uniting; union. Jer. Taylor.

ADUNC; ADUNQUE

ADUNC; ADUNQUE A*dunc, A*dunque, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Hooked; as, a parrot has an adunc bill.

ADUNCITY

ADUNCITY A*dunci*ty, n. Etym: [L. aduncitas. See Aduncous.] Defn: Curvature inwards; hookedness. The aduncity of the beaks of hawks. Pope.

ADUNCOUS

ADUNCOUS A*duncous, a. Etym: [L. aduncus; ad + uncus hooked, hook.] Defn: Curved inwards; hooked.

ADURE

ADURE A*dure, v. t. Etym: [L. adurere; ad + urere to burn.] Defn: To burn up. [Obs.] Bacon.

ADUROL

ADUROL Adu*rol, n. (Photog.) Defn: Either of two compounds, a chlorine derivative and bromine derivative, of hydroquinone, used as developers.

ADUST

ADUST A*dust, a. Etym: [L. adustus, p. p. of adurere: cf. F. aduste.] 1. Inflamed or scorched; fiery. The Libyan air adust. Milton. 2. Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt. A tall, thin man, of an adust complexion. Sir W. Scott. 3. (Med.) Defn: Having much heat in the constitution and little serum in the blood. [Obs.] Hence: Atrabilious; sallow; gloomy.

ADUSTED

ADUSTED A*dusted, a. Defn: Burnt; adust. [Obs.] Howell.

ADUSTIBLE

ADUSTIBLE A*dusti*ble, a. Defn: That may be burnt. [Obs.]

ADUSTION

ADUSTION A*dustion, n. Etym: [L. adustio, fr. adurere, adustum: cf. F. adustion.] 1. The act of burning, or heating to dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried. [Obs.] Harvey. 2. (Surg.) Defn: Cauterization. Buchanan.

ADVANCE

ADVANCE Ad*vance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advanced; p. pr. & vb. n. Advancing(#).] Etym: [OE. avancen, avauncen, F. avancer, fr. a supposed LL. abantiare; ab + ante (F. avant) before. The spelling with d was a mistake, a- being supposed to be fr. L. ad. See Avaunt.] 1. To bring forward; to move towards the van or front; to make to go on. 2. To raise; to elevate. [Archaic] They . . . advanced their eyelids. Shak. 3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote. Ahasueres . . . advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes. Esther iii. 1. 4. To accelerate the growth or progress; to further; to forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten; as, to advance the ripening of fruit; to advance one's interests. 5. To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show; as, to advance an argument. Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own. Pope. 6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten. 7. To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand; as, a merchant advances money on a contract or on goods consigned to him. 8. To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate; as, to advance the price of goods. 9. To extol; to laud. [Obs.] Greatly advancing his gay chivalry. Spenser. Syn. -- To raise; elevate; exalt; aggrandize; improve; heighten; accelerate; allege; adduce; assign.

ADVANCE

ADVANCE Ad*vance, v. i. 1. To move or go forward; to proceed; as, he advanced to greet me. 2. To increase or make progress in any respect; as, to advance in knowledge, in stature, in years, in price. 3. To rise in rank, office, or consequence; to be preferred or promoted. Advanced to a level with ancient peers. Prescott.

ADVANCE

ADVANCE Ad*vance, n. Etym: [Cf. F. avance, fr. avancer. See Advance, v.] 1. The act of advancing or moving forward or upward; progress. 2. Improvement or progression, physically, mentally, morally, or socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge, or religion; an advance in rank or office. 3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value; as, an advance on the prime cost of goods. 4. The first step towards the attainment of a result; approach made to gain favor, to form an acquaintance, to adjust a difference, etc.; an overture; a tender; an offer; -- usually in the plural. [He] made the like advances to the dissenters. Swift. 5. A furnishing of something before an equivalent is received (as money or goods), towards a capital or stock, or on loan; payment beforehand; the money or goods thus furnished; money or value supplied beforehand. I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances. Jay. The account was made up with intent to show what advances had been made. Kent. In advance (a) In front; before. (b) Beforehand; before an equivalent is received. (c) In the state of having advanced money on account; as, A is advance to B a thousand dollars or pounds.

ADVANCE

ADVANCE Ad*vance, a. Defn: Before in place, or beforehand in time; -- used for advanced; as, an advance guard, or that before the main guard or body of an army; advance payment, or that made before it is due; advance proofs, advance sheets, pages of a forthcoming volume, received in advance of the time of publication.

ADVANCED

ADVANCED Ad*vanced, a. 1. In the van or front. 2. In the front or before others, as regards progress or ideas; as, advanced opinions, advanced thinkers. 3. Far on in life or time. A gentleman advanced in years, with a hard experience written in his wrinkles. Hawthorne. Advanced guard, a detachment of troops which precedes the march of the main body.

ADVANCEMENT

ADVANCEMENT Ad*vancement, n. Etym: [OE. avancement, F. avancement. See Advance, v. t.] 1. The act of advancing, or the state of being advanced; progression; improvement; furtherance; promotion to a higher place or dignity; as, the advancement of learning. In heaven . . . every one (so well they love each other) rejoiceth and hath his part in each other's advancement. Sir T. More. True religion . . . proposes for its end the joint advancement of the virtue and happiness of the people. Horsley. 2. An advance of money or value; payment in advance. See Advance, 5. 3. (Law) Defn: Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in advance of a future distribution. 4. Settlement on a wife, or jointure. [Obs.] Bacon.

ADVANCER

ADVANCER Ad*vancer, n. 1. One who advances; a promoter. 2. A second branch of a buck's antler. Howell.

ADVANCING EDGE

ADVANCING EDGE Ad*vancing edge. (A?ronautics) Defn: The front edge (in direction of motion) of a supporting surface; -- contr. with following edge, which is the rear edge.

ADVANCING SURFACE

ADVANCING SURFACE Ad*vancing surface. (A?ronautics) Defn: The first of two or more surfaces arranged in tandem; -- contr. with following surface, which is the rear surface.

ADVANCIVE

ADVANCIVE Ad*vancive, a. Defn: Tending to advance. [R.]

ADVANTAGE

ADVANTAGE Ad*vantage, n. Etym: [OE. avantage, avauntage, F. avantage, fr. avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.] 1. Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position. Give me advantage of some brief discourse. Shak. The advantages of a close alliance. Macaulay. 2. Superiority; mastery; -- with of or over. Lest Satan should get an advantage of us. 2 Cor. ii. 11. 3. Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution. 4. Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen). [Obs.] And with advantage means to pay thy love. Shak. Advantage ground, vantage ground. [R.] Clarendon. -- To have the advantage of (any one), to have a personal knowledge of one who does not have a reciprocal knowledge. You have the advantage of me; I don't remember ever to have had the honor. Sheridan. -- To take advantage of, to profit by; (often used in a bad sense) to overreach, to outwit. Syn. -- Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We speak of a thing as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is simply productive of good; as, the benefits of early discipline; the beneficial effects of adversity. We speak of a thing as an advantage, or as advantageous, when it affords us the means of getting forward, and places us on a vantage ground for further effort. Hence, there is a difference between the benefits and the advantages of early education; between a beneficial and an advantageous investment of money.

ADVANTAGE

ADVANTAGE Ad*vantage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advantaged; p. pr. & vb. n. Advantaging.] Etym: [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See Advance.] Defn: To give an advantage to; to further; to promote; to benefit; to profit. The truth is, the archbishop's own stiffness and averseness to comply with the court designs, advantaged his adversaries against him. Fuller. What is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away Luke ix. 25. To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]

ADVANTAGEABLE

ADVANTAGEABLE Ad*vantage*a*ble, a. Defn: Advantageous. [Obs.]

ADVANTAGEOUS

ADVANTAGEOUS Ad`van*tageous, a. Etym: [F. avantageux, fr. avantage.] Defn: Being of advantage; conferring advantage; gainful; profitable; useful; beneficial; as, an advantageous position; trade is advantageous to a nation. Advabtageous comparison with any other country. Prescott. You see . . . of what use a good reputation is, and how swift and advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one goes. Chesterfield.

ADVANTAGEOUSLY

ADVANTAGEOUSLY Ad`van*tageous*ly, adv. Defn: Profitably; with advantage.

ADVANTAGEOUSNESS

ADVANTAGEOUSNESS Ad`van*tageous*ness, n. Defn: Profitableness.

ADVENE

ADVENE Ad*vene, v. i. Etym: [L. advenire; ad + venire to come: cf. F. avenir, advenir. See Come.] Defn: To accede, or come (to); to be added to something or become a part of it, though not essential. [R.] Where no act of the will advenes as a coefficient. Coleridge.

ADVENIENT

ADVENIENT Ad*venient, a. Etym: [L. adviens, p. pr.] Defn: Coming from outward causes; superadded. [Obs.]

ADVENT

ADVENT Ad`vent, n. Etym: [L. adventus, fr. advenire, adventum: cf. F. avent. See Advene.] 1. (Eccl.) Defn: The period including the four Sundays before Christmas. Advent Sunday (Eccl.), the first Sunday in the season of Advent, being always the nearest Sunday to the feast of St. Andrew (Now. 30). Shipley. 2. The first or the expected second coming of Christ. 3. Coming; any important arrival; approach. Death's dreadful advent. Young. Expecting still his advent home. Tennyson.

ADVENTIST

ADVENTIST Advent*ist, n. Defn: One of a religious body, embracing several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming of Christ; -- called also Second Adventists. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.

ADVENTITIOUS

ADVENTITIOUS Ad`ven*titious, a. Etym: [L. adventitius.] 1. Added extrinsically; not essentially inherent; accidental or causal; additional; supervenient; foreign. To things of great dimensions, if we annex an adventitious idea of terror, they become without comparison greater. Burke. 2. (Nat. Hist.) Defn: Out of the proper or usual place; as, adventitious buds or roots. 3. (Bot.) Defn: Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; -- applied to foreign plants. 4. (Med.) Defn: Acquired, as diseases; accidental. -- Ad`ven*titious*ly, adv. -- Ad`ven*titious*ness, n.

ADVENTIVE

ADVENTIVE Ad*ventive, a. 1. Accidental. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Adventitious. Gray.

ADVENTIVE

ADVENTIVE Ad*ventive, n. Defn: A thing or person coming from without; an immigrant. [R.] Bacon.

ADVENTUAL

ADVENTUAL Ad*ventu*al, a. Defn: Relating to the season of advent. Sanderson.

ADVENTURE

ADVENTURE Ad*venture, n. Etym: [OE. aventure, aunter, anter, F. aventure, fr.

ADVENTURE

ADVENTURE Ad*venture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adventured; p. pr. & vb. n. Adventuring.] Etym: [OE. aventuren, auntren, F. aventurer, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.] 1. To risk, or hazard; jeopard; to venture. He would not adventure himself into the theater. Acts xix. 31. 2. To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare. Yet they adventured to go back. Bunyan, Discriminations might be adventured. J. Taylor.

ADVENTURE

ADVENTURE Ad*venture, v. i. Defn: To try the chance; to take the risk. I would adventure for such merchandise. Shak.

ADVENTUREFUL

ADVENTUREFUL Ad*venture*ful, a. Defn: Given to adventure.

ADVENTURER

ADVENTURER Ad*ventur*er, n. Etym: [Cf. F. aventurier.] 1. One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who seeks his fortune in new and hazardous or perilous enterprises. 2. A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.

ADVENTURESOME

ADVENTURESOME Ad*venture*some, a. Defn: Full of risk; adventurous; venturesome. -- Ad*venture*some*ness, n.

ADVENTURESS

ADVENTURESS Ad*ventur*ess, n. Defn: A female adventurer; a woman who tries to gain position by equivocal means.

ADVENTUROUS

ADVENTUROUS Ad*ventur*ous, a. Etym: [OE. aventurous, aunterous, OF. aventuros, F. aventureux, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.] 1. Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to embark in hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; -- applied to persons. Bold deed thou hast presumed, adventurous Eve. Milton. 2. Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring courage; rash; -- applied to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking, deed, song. Syn. -- Rash; foolhardy; presumptuous; enterprising; daring; hazardous; venturesome. See Rash.

ADVENTUROUSLY

ADVENTUROUSLY Ad*ventur*ous*ly, adv. Defn: In an adventurous manner; venturesomely; boldly; daringly.

ADVENTUROUSNESS

ADVENTUROUSNESS Ad*ventur*ous*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being adventurous; daring; venturesomeness.

ADVERB

ADVERB Adverb, n. Etym: [L. adverbium; ad + verbum word, verb: cf. F. adverbe.] (Gram.) Defn: A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.

ADVERBIAL

ADVERBIAL Ad*verbi*al, a. Etym: [L. adverbialis: cf. F. adverbial.] Defn: Of or pertaining to an adverb; of the nature of an adverb; as, an adverbial phrase or form.

ADVERBIALITY

ADVERBIALITY Ad*ver`bi*ali*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being adverbial. Earle.

ADVERBIALIZE

ADVERBIALIZE Ad*verbi*al*ize, v. t. Defn: To give the force or form of an adverb to.

ADVERBIALLY

ADVERBIALLY Ad*verbi*al*ly, adv. Defn: In the manner of an adverb.

ADVERSARIA

ADVERSARIA Ad`ver*sari*a, n. pl. Etym: [L. adversaria (sc. scripta), neut. pl. of adversarius.] Defn: A miscellaneous collection of notes, remarks, or selections; a commonplace book; also, commentaries or notes. These parchments are supposed to have been St. Paul's adversaria. Bp. Bull.

ADVERSARIOUS

ADVERSARIOUS Ad`ver*sari*ous, a. Defn: Hostile. [R.] Southey.

ADVERSARY

ADVERSARY Ad`ver*sa*ry, n.; pl. Adversaries. Etym: [OE. adversarie, direct fr. the Latin, and adversaire, fr. OF. adversier, aversier, fr. L. adversarius (a.) turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] Defn: One who is turned against another or others with a design to oppose or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe. His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries. Shak. Agree with thine adversary quickly. Matt. v. 25. It may be thought that to vindicate the permanency of truth is to dispute without an adversary. Beattie. The Adversary, The Satan, or the Devil. Syn. -- Adversary, Enemy, Opponent, Antagonist. Enemy is the only one of these words which necessarily implies a state of personal hostility. Men may be adversaries, antagonists, or opponents to each other in certain respects, and yet have no feelings of general animosity. An adversary may be simply one who is placed for a time in a hostile position, as in a lawsuit, an argument, in chess playing, or at fence. An opponent is one who is ranged against another (perhaps passively) on the opposing side; as a political opponent, an opponent in debate. An antagonist is one who struggles against another with active effort, either in a literal fight or in verbal debate.

ADVERSARY

ADVERSARY Adver*sa*ry, a. 1. Opposed; opposite; adverse; antagonistic. [Archaic] Bp. King. 2. (Law) Defn: Having an opposing party; not unopposed; as, an adversary suit.

ADVERSATIVE

ADVERSATIVE Ad*versa*tive, a. Etym: [L. adversativus, fr. adversari.] Defn: Expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis; as, an adversative conjunction (but, however, yet, etc. ); an adversative force. -- Ad*versa*tive*ly, adv.

ADVERSATIVE

ADVERSATIVE Ad*versa*tive, n. Defn: An adversative word. Harris.

ADVERSE

ADVERSE Adverse, a. Etym: [OE. advers, OF. avers, advers, fr. L. adversus, p. p. advertere to turn to. See Advert.] 1. Acting against, or in a contrary direction; opposed; contrary; opposite; conflicting; as, adverse winds; an adverse party; a spirit adverse to distinctions of caste. 2. Opposite. Calpe's adverse height. Byron. 3. In hostile opposition to; unfavorable; unpropitious; contrary to one's wishes; unfortunate; calamitous; afflictive; hurtful; as, adverse fates, adverse circumstances, things adverse. Happy were it for us all if we bore prosperity as well and wisely as we endure an adverse fortune. Southey. Adverse possession (Law), a possession of real property avowedly contrary to some claim of title in another person. Abbott. Syn. -- Averse; reluctant; unwilling. See Averse.

ADVERSE

ADVERSE Ad*verse, v. t. Etym: [L. adversari: cf. OF. averser.] Defn: To oppose; to resist. [Obs.] Gower.

ADVERSELY

ADVERSELY Adverse*ly (277), adv. Defn: In an adverse manner; inimically; unfortunately; contrariwise.

ADVERSENESS

ADVERSENESS Adverse*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being adverse; opposition.

ADVERSIFOLIATE; ADVERSIFOLIOUS

ADVERSIFOLIATE; ADVERSIFOLIOUS Ad*ver`si*foli*ate, Ad*ver`si*foli*ous a. Etym: [L. adver + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Defn: Having opposite leaves, as plants which have the leaves so arranged on the stem.

ADVERSION

ADVERSION Ad*version, n.Etym: [L. adversio] Defn: A turning towards; attention. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

ADVERSITY

ADVERSITY Ad*versi*ty, n.; pl. Adversities(#). Etym: [OE. adversite, F. adversit?, fr. L. adversitas.] 1. Opposition; contrariety. [Obs.] Wyclif. Adversity is not without comforts and hopes. Bacon. Syn. -- Affliction; distress; misery; disaster; trouble; suffering; trial.

ADVERT

ADVERT Ad*vert, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adverted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adverting.] Etym: [L. advertere, v. t., to turn to; ad + vertere to turn: cf. F. avertir. See Advertise.] Defn: To turn the mind or attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; -- with to; as, he adverted to what was said. I may again advert to the distinction. Owen. Syn.- To refer; allude; regard. See Refer.

ADVERTENCE; ADVERTENCY

ADVERTENCE; ADVERTENCY Ad*vertence, Ad*verten*cy,Etym: [OF. advertence, avertence, LL. advertentia, fr. L. advertens. See Advertent.] Defn: The act of adverting, of the quality of being advertent; attention; notice; regard; heedfulness. To this difference it is right that advertence should be had in regulating taxation. J. S. Mill.

ADVERTENT

ADVERTENT Ad*vertent, a. Etym: [L. advertens, -entis, p. pr. of advertere. See Advert.] Defn: Attentive; heedful; regardful. Sir M. Hale. -- Ad*vertent*ly, adv.

ADVERTISE

ADVERTISE Ad`ver*tise, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advertised; p. pr. & vb. n. Advertising.] Etym: [F. avertir, formerly also spelt advertir, to warn, give notice to, L. advertere to turn to. The ending was probably influenced by the noun advertisement. See Advert.] Defn: To give notice to; to inform or apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; -- often followed by of before the subject of information; as, to advertise a man of his loss. [Archaic] I will advertise thee what this people shall do. Num. xxiv. 14. 4. To give public notice of; to announce publicly, esp. by a printed notice; as, to advertise goods for sale, a lost article, the sailing day of a vessel, a political meeting. Syn. -- To apprise; inform; make known; notify; announce; proclaim; promulgate; publish.

ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT Ad*vertise*ment, n. Etym: [F.avertisement, formerly also spelled advertissement, a warning, giving notice, fr. avertir.] 1. The act of informing or notifying; notification. [Archaic] An advertisement of danger. Bp. Burnet. 2. Admonition; advice; warning. [Obs.] Therefore give me no counsel: My griefs cry louder than advertisement. Shak. 3. A public notice, especially a paid notice in some public print; anything that advertises; as, a newspaper containing many advertisement.

ADVERTISER

ADVERTISER Ad`ver*tiser, n. Defn: One who, or that which, advertises.

ADVICE

ADVICE Ad*vice, n. Etym: [OE. avis, F. avis; + OF. vis, fr. L. visum seemed, seen; really p. p. of videre to see, so that vis meant that which has seemed best. See Vision, and cf. Avise, Advise.] 1. An opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel. We may give advice, but we can not give conduct. Franklin. 2. Deliberate consideration; knowledge. [Obs.] How shall I dote on her with more advice, That thus without advice begin to love her Shak. 3. Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late advices from France; -- commonly in the plural. Note: In commercial language, advice usually means information communicated by letter; -- used chiefly in reference to drafts or bills of exchange; as, a letter of advice. McElrath. 4. (Crim. Law) Defn: Counseling to perform a specific illegal act. Wharton. Advice boat, a vessel employed to carry dispatches or to reconnoiter; a dispatch boat. -- To take advice. (a) To accept advice. (b) To consult with another or others. Syn. -- Counsel; suggestion; recommendation; admonition; exhortation; information; notice.

ADVISABILITY

ADVISABILITY Ad*vis`a*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being advisable; advisableness.

ADVISABLE

ADVISABLE Ad*visa*ble, a. 1. Proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent. Some judge it advisable for a man to account with his heart every day. South. 2. Ready to receive advice. [R.] South. Syn. -- Expedient; proper; desirable; befitting.

ADVISABLE-NESS

ADVISABLE-NESS Ad*visa*ble-ness, n. Defn: The quality of being advisable or expedient; expediency; advisability.

ADVISABLY

ADVISABLY Ad*visa*bly, adv. Defn: With advice; wisely.

ADVISE

ADVISE Ad*vise, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advised; p. pr. & vb. n. Advising.] Etym: [OE. avisen to perceive, consider, inform, F. aviser, fr. LL. advisare. advisare; ad + visare, fr. L. videre, visum, to see. See Advice, and cf. Avise.] 1. To give advice to; to offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient to be followed; to counsel; to warn. I shall no more advise thee. Milton. 2. To give information or notice to; to inform; -- with of before the thing communicated; as, we were advised of the risk. To advise one's self, to bethink one's self; to take counsel with one's self; to reflect; to consider. [Obs.] Bid thy master well advise himself. Shak. Syn. -- To counsel; admonish; apprise; acquaint.

ADVISE

ADVISE Ad*vise, v. t. 1. To consider; to deliberate. [Obs.] Advise if this be worth attempting. Milton. 2. To take counsel; to consult; -- followed by with; as, to advise with friends.

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