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ADDUCTOR Ad*ductor, n. Etym: [L., fr. adducere.] (Anat.) Defn: A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle line of the body, or closes extended parts of the body; -- opposed to abductor; as, the adductor of the eye, which turns the eye toward the nose. In the bivalve shells, the muscles which close the values of the shell are called adductor muscles. Verrill.


ADDULCE Ad*dulce, v. t. Etym: [Like F. adoucir; fr. L. ad. + dulcis sweet.] Defn: To sweeten; to soothe. [Obs.] Bacon.


ADEEM A*deem, v. t. Etym: [L. adimere. See Ademption.] (Law) Defn: To revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift.


ADELANTADILLO A`de*lan`ta*dillo, n. Etym: [Sp.] Defn: A Spanish red wine made of the first ripe grapes.


ADELANTADO A`de*lan*tado, n. Etym: [Sp., prop. p. of adelantar to advance, to promote.] Defn: A governor of a province; a commander. Prescott.


ADELASTER Ad*e*laster, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A provisional name for a plant which has not had its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been referred to its proper genus.


ADELING Adel*ing, n. Defn: Same as Atheling.


ADELOCODONIC A*del`o*co*donic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a saclike form and do not become free; -- opposed to phanerocodonic.


ADELOPOD A*delo*pod, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: An animal having feet that are not apparent.


ADELPHIA A*delphi*a, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A brotherhood, or collection of stamens in a bundle; -- used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.


ADELPHOUS A*delphous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having coalescent or clustered filaments; -- said of stamens; as, adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous. Gray.


ADEMPT A*dempt, p. p. Etym: [L. ademptus, p. p. of adimere to take away.] Defn: Takes away. [Obs.] Without any sinister suspicion of anything being added or adempt. Latimn.


ADEMPTION A*demption, n. Etym: [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to take away; ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) Defn: The revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or the like. Bouvier.


ADEN-; ADENO- Aden- or Adeno-. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; -- used in words relating to the structure, diseases, etc., of the glands.


ADEN ULCER Aden ulcer. [So named after Aden, a seaport in Southern Arabia, where it occurs.] (Med.) Defn: A disease endemic in various parts of tropical Asia, due to a specific micro?rganism which produces chronic ulcers on the limbs. It is often fatal. Called also Cochin China ulcer, Persian ulcer, tropical ulcer, etc.


ADENALGIA; ADENALGY Ad`e*nalgi*a, Ade*nal`gy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: (Med.) Pain in a gland.


ADENIFORM A*deni*form, a. Etym: [Aden- + -form.] Defn: Shaped like a gland; adenoid. Dunglison.


ADENITIS Ad`e*nitis, n. Etym: [Aden- + -itis.] (Med.) Defn: Glandular inflammation. Dunglison.


ADENOGRAPHIC Ad`e*no*graphic, a. Defn: Pertaining to adenography.


ADENOGRAPHY Ad`e*nogra*phy, n. Etym: [Adeno- + -graphy.] Defn: That part of anatomy which describes the glands.


ADENOID; ADENOIDAL Ade*noid, Ad`e*noidal a. Defn: Glandlike; glandular.


ADENOLOGICAL Ad`e*no*logic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to adenology.


ADENOLOGY Ad`e*nolo*gy, n. Etym: [Adeno- + -logy.] Defn: The part of physiology that treats of the glands.


ADENOMA Ad`e*noma, n.; L. pl. -mata (#). [NL.; adeno- + -oma.] (Med.) Defn: A benign tumor of a glandlike structure; morbid enlargement of a gland. -- Ad`e*noma*tous, a.


ADENOPATHY Ade*nopa*thy, n. [Adeno- + Gr. suffering, to suffer.] (Med.) Defn: Disease of a gland.


ADENOPHOROUS Ad`e*nopho*rous, a. Etym: [Adeno- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Producing glands.


ADENOPHYLLOUS Ad`e*nophyl*lous, a. Etym: [Adeno- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having glands on the leaves.


ADENOSCLEROSIS Ade*no*scle*rosis, n. [NL.; adeno- + sclerosis.] (Med.) Defn: The hardening of a gland.


ADENOSE Ade*nose`, a. Defn: Like a gland; full of glands; glandulous; adenous.


ADENOTOMIC Ad`e*no*tomic, a. Defn: Pertaining to adenotomy.


ADENOTOMY Ad`e*noto*my, n. Etym: [Adeno- + Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.


ADENOUS Ade*nous, a. Defn: Same as Adenose.


ADEPS Adeps, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: Animal fat; lard.


ADEPT A*dept, n. Etym: [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), adipsci to arrive ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] Defn: One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.


ADEPT A*dept, a. Defn: Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient. Beaus adept in everything profound. Cowper.


ADEPTION A*deption, n. Etym: [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] Defn: An obtaining; attainment. [Obs.] In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief adeption of the victory. Grafton.


ADEPTIST A*deptist, n. Defn: A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]


ADEPTNESS A*deptness, n. Defn: The quality of being adept; skill.


ADEQUACY Ade*qua*cy, n. Etym: [See Adequate.] Defn: The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.


ADEQUATE Ade*quate, a. Etym: [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See Equal.] Defn: Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition. Ireland had no adequate champion. De Quincey. Syn. -- Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent; capable.


ADEQUATE Ade*quate, v. t. Etym: [See Adequate, a.] 1. To equalize; to make adequate. [R.] Fotherby. 2. To equal. [Obs.] It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in his eternity. Shelford.


ADEQUATELY Ade*quate*ly, adv. Defn: In an adequate manner.


ADEQUATENESS Ade*quate*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.


ADEQUATION Ad`e*quation, n. Etym: [L. adaequatio.] Defn: The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent. [Obs.] Bp. Barlow.


ADESMY A*desmy, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.


ADESSENARIAN Ad*es`se*nari*an, n. Etym: [Formed fr. L. adesse to be present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One who held the real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.


ADFECTED Ad*fected, a. Etym: [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.] (Alg.) Defn: See Affected, 5.


ADFILIATED Ad*fili*a`ted, a. Defn: See Affiliated. [Obs.]


ADFILIATION Ad*fil`i*ation, n. Defn: See Affiliation. [Obs.]


ADFLUXION Ad*fluxion, n. Defn: See Affluxion.


ADHAMANT Ad*hamant, a. Etym: [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus hook.] Defn: Clinging, as by hooks.


ADHERE Ad*here, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered; p. pr. & vb. n. Adhering.] Etym: [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to stick: cf. F. adh?rer. See Aghast.] 1. To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura. 2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church. 3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree. Nor time nor place did then adhere. Every thing adheres together. Shak. Syn. -- To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold


ADHERENCE Ad*herence, n. Etym: [Cf. F. adh?rence, LL. adhaerentia.] 1. The quality or state of adhering. 2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions. Syn. -- Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated. Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence to one's duty; close adherence to the argument, etc. Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense, except in the phrase To give in one's adhesion to a cause or a party.


ADHERENCY Ad*heren*cy, n. 1. The state or quality of being adherent; adherence. [R.] 2. That which adheres. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


ADHERENT Ad*herent, a. Etym: [L. adhaerens, -entis, p. pr.: cf. F. adh?rent.] 1. Sticking; clinging; adhering. Pope. 2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance. 3. (Bot.) Defn: Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.


ADHERENT Ad*herent, n. 1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church. 2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.] Milton. Syn. -- Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter; dependent; ally; backer.


ADHERENTLY Ad*herent*ly, adv. Defn: In an adherent manner.


ADHERER Ad*herer, n. Defn: One who adheres; an adherent.


ADHESION Ad*hesion, n. Etym: [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F. adh?sion.] 1. The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like. 2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to error, to a policy. His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their foreign policy. De Quincey. 3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent. To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion. Macaulay. 4. (Physics) Defn: The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion. 5. (Med.) Defn: Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process. 6. (Bot.) Defn: The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant. Syn. -- Adherence; union. See Adherence.


ADHESIVE Ad*hesive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. adh?sif.] 1. Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances. 2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging. Thomson. Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. -- Adhesive inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which terminates in the reunion of divided parts without suppuration. -- Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.


ADHESIVELY Ad*hesive*ly, adv. Defn: In an adhesive manner.


ADHESIVENESS Ad*hesive*ness, n. 1. The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union. 2. (Phren.) Defn: Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse.


ADHIBIT Ad*hibit, v. t. Etym: [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to hold to; ad + habere to have.] 1. To admit, as a person or thing; to take in. Muirhead. 2. To use or apply; to administer. Camden. 3. To attach; to affix. Alison.


ADHIBITION Ad`hi*bition, n. Etym: [L. adhibitio.] Defn: The act of adhibiting; application; use. Whitaker.


ADHORT Ad*hort, v. t. Etym: [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] Defn: To exhort; to advise. [Obs.] Feltham.


ADHORTATION Ad`hor*tation, n. Etym: [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Defn: Advice; exhortation. [Obs.] Peacham.


ADHORTATORY Ad*horta*to*ry, a. Defn: Containing counsel or warning; hortatory; advisory. [Obs.] Potter.


ADIABATIC Ad`i*a*batic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physics) Defn: Not giving out or receiving heat. -- Ad`i*a*bat`ic*al*ly, adv. Adiabatic line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without either receiving or giving out heat. Rankine.


ADIACTINIC Ad`i*ac*tinic, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + diactinic.] (Chem.) Defn: Not transmitting the actinic rays.


ADIANTUM Ad`i*antum, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.


ADIAPHORISM Ad`i*apho*rism, n. Defn: Religious indifference.


ADIAPHORIST Ad`i*apho*rist, n. Etym: [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical. Murdock.


ADIAPHORISTIC Ad`i*aph`o*ristic, a. Defn: Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice. Shipley.


ADIAPHORITE Ad`i*apho*rite, n. Defn: Same as Adiaphorist.


ADIAPHOROUS Ad`i*apho*rous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. Indifferent or neutral. Jer. Taylor. 2. (Med.) Defn: Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines. Dunglison.


ADIAPHORY Ad`i*apho*ry, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Indifference. [Obs.]


ADIATHERMIC Ad`i*a*thermic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Not pervious to heat.


ADIEU A*dieu, interj. & adv. Etym: [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F. dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Defn: Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.


ADIEU A*dieu, n.; pl. Adieus. Defn: A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting. Shak.


ADIGHT A*dight, v. t. [p. p. Adight.] Etym: [Pref. a- (intensive) + OE. dihten. See Dight.] Defn: To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]


ADIOS A`dios, interj. [Sp., fr. L. ad to + deus god. Cf. Adieu.] Defn: Adieu; farewell; good-by; -- chiefly used among Spanish- speaking people. This word is often pronounced ?*deos, but the Spanish accent, though weak, is on the final syllable.


ADIPESCENT Ad`i*pescent, a. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat + -escent.] Defn: Becoming fatty.


ADIPIC A*dipic, a. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; -- applied to certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid.


ADIPOCERATE Ad`i*pocer*ate, v. t. Defn: To convert adipocere.


ADIPOCERATION Ad`i*poc`er*ation, n. Defn: The act or process of changing into adipocere.


ADIPOCERE Adi*po*cere`, n. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf. F. adipocere.] Defn: A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.


ADIPOCERIFORM Ad`i*po*ceri*form, a. Etym: [Adipocere + -form.] Defn: Having the form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.


ADIPOCEROUS Ad`i*pocer*ous, a. Defn: Like adipocere.


ADIPOGENOUS Ad`i*poge*nous, a. [See Adipose; -genous.] (Med.) Defn: Producing fat.


ADIPOLYSIS Ad`i*poly*sis, n. [NL.; L. adeps, adipis, fat + Gr. a loosing.] (Physiol.) Defn: The digestion of fats.


ADIPOLYTIC Ad`i*po*lytic, a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + Gr. to loose.] (Chem.) Defn: Hydrolyzing fats; converting neutral fats into glycerin and free fatty acids, esp. by the action of an enzyme; as, adipolytic action.


ADIPOMA Ad`i*poma, n.; L. pl. -mata (#). [NL. See Adipose; -oma.] (Med.) Defn: A mass of fat found internally; also, a fatty tumor. -- Ad`i*poma*tous, a.


ADIPOSE Adi*pose`, a. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Defn: Of or pertaining to animal fat; fatty. Adipose fin (Zo?l.), a soft boneless fin. -- Adipose tissue (Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains fat.


ADIPOSENESS; ADIPOSITY Adi*pose`ness, Ad`i*posi*ty, n. Defn: The state of being fat; fatness.


ADIPOUS Adi*pous, a. Defn: Fatty; adipose. [R.]


ADIPSOUS A*dipsous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.


ADIPSY Adip*sy, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Absence of thirst.


ADIT Adit, n. Etym: [L. aditus, fr. adire, , to go to; ad + ire to go.] 1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; -- called also drift and tunnel. 2. Admission; approach; access. [R.] Yourself and yours shall have Free adit. Tennyson.


ADJACENCE; ADJACENCY Adjacence, Ad*jacen*cy,Etym: [Cf. LL. adjacentia.] 1. The state of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity; as, the adjacency of lands or buildings. 2. That which is adjacent.[R.] Sir T. Browne.


ADJACENT Ad*jacent, a. Etym: [L. adjacens, -centis, p. pr. of adjacere to lie near; ad + jac to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Defn: Lying near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a field adjacent to the highway. The adjacent forest. B. Jonson. Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle. Syn. -- Adjoining; contiguous; near. -- Adjacent, Adjoining, Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields, adjacent villages, etc. I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled with Christians. Howell. Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings; a wood contiguous to a plain.

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