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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ADDUCTOR

ADDUCTOR Ad*ductor, n. Etym: [L., fr. adducere.] (Anat.) Defn: A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle line of the body, or closes extended parts of the body; -- opposed to abductor; as, the adductor of the eye, which turns the eye toward the nose. In the bivalve shells, the muscles which close the values of the shell are called adductor muscles. Verrill.

ADDULCE

ADDULCE Ad*dulce, v. t. Etym: [Like F. adoucir; fr. L. ad. + dulcis sweet.] Defn: To sweeten; to soothe. [Obs.] Bacon.

ADEEM

ADEEM A*deem, v. t. Etym: [L. adimere. See Ademption.] (Law) Defn: To revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift.

ADELANTADILLO

ADELANTADILLO A`de*lan`ta*dillo, n. Etym: [Sp.] Defn: A Spanish red wine made of the first ripe grapes.

ADELANTADO

ADELANTADO A`de*lan*tado, n. Etym: [Sp., prop. p. of adelantar to advance, to promote.] Defn: A governor of a province; a commander. Prescott.

ADELASTER

ADELASTER Ad*e*laster, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A provisional name for a plant which has not had its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been referred to its proper genus.

ADELING

ADELING Adel*ing, n. Defn: Same as Atheling.

ADELOCODONIC

ADELOCODONIC A*del`o*co*donic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a saclike form and do not become free; -- opposed to phanerocodonic.

ADELOPOD

ADELOPOD A*delo*pod, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: An animal having feet that are not apparent.

ADELPHIA

ADELPHIA A*delphi*a, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A brotherhood, or collection of stamens in a bundle; -- used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.

ADELPHOUS

ADELPHOUS A*delphous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having coalescent or clustered filaments; -- said of stamens; as, adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous. Gray.

ADEMPT

ADEMPT A*dempt, p. p. Etym: [L. ademptus, p. p. of adimere to take away.] Defn: Takes away. [Obs.] Without any sinister suspicion of anything being added or adempt. Latimn.

ADEMPTION

ADEMPTION A*demption, n. Etym: [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to take away; ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) Defn: The revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or the like. Bouvier.

ADEN

ADEN-; ADENO- Aden- or Adeno-. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; -- used in words relating to the structure, diseases, etc., of the glands.

ADEN ULCER

ADEN ULCER Aden ulcer. [So named after Aden, a seaport in Southern Arabia, where it occurs.] (Med.) Defn: A disease endemic in various parts of tropical Asia, due to a specific micro?rganism which produces chronic ulcers on the limbs. It is often fatal. Called also Cochin China ulcer, Persian ulcer, tropical ulcer, etc.

ADENALGIA; ADENALGY

ADENALGIA; ADENALGY Ad`e*nalgi*a, Ade*nal`gy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: (Med.) Pain in a gland.

ADENIFORM

ADENIFORM A*deni*form, a. Etym: [Aden- + -form.] Defn: Shaped like a gland; adenoid. Dunglison.

ADENITIS

ADENITIS Ad`e*nitis, n. Etym: [Aden- + -itis.] (Med.) Defn: Glandular inflammation. Dunglison.

ADENOGRAPHIC

ADENOGRAPHIC Ad`e*no*graphic, a. Defn: Pertaining to adenography.

ADENOGRAPHY

ADENOGRAPHY Ad`e*nogra*phy, n. Etym: [Adeno- + -graphy.] Defn: That part of anatomy which describes the glands.

ADENOID; ADENOIDAL

ADENOID; ADENOIDAL Ade*noid, Ad`e*noidal a. Defn: Glandlike; glandular.

ADENOLOGICAL

ADENOLOGICAL Ad`e*no*logic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to adenology.

ADENOLOGY

ADENOLOGY Ad`e*nolo*gy, n. Etym: [Adeno- + -logy.] Defn: The part of physiology that treats of the glands.

ADENOMA

ADENOMA Ad`e*noma, n.; L. pl. -mata (#). [NL.; adeno- + -oma.] (Med.) Defn: A benign tumor of a glandlike structure; morbid enlargement of a gland. -- Ad`e*noma*tous, a.

ADENOPATHY

ADENOPATHY Ade*nopa*thy, n. [Adeno- + Gr. suffering, to suffer.] (Med.) Defn: Disease of a gland.

ADENOPHOROUS

ADENOPHOROUS Ad`e*nopho*rous, a. Etym: [Adeno- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Producing glands.

ADENOPHYLLOUS

ADENOPHYLLOUS Ad`e*nophyl*lous, a. Etym: [Adeno- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having glands on the leaves.

ADENOSCLEROSIS

ADENOSCLEROSIS Ade*no*scle*rosis, n. [NL.; adeno- + sclerosis.] (Med.) Defn: The hardening of a gland.

ADENOSE

ADENOSE Ade*nose`, a. Defn: Like a gland; full of glands; glandulous; adenous.

ADENOTOMIC

ADENOTOMIC Ad`e*no*tomic, a. Defn: Pertaining to adenotomy.

ADENOTOMY

ADENOTOMY Ad`e*noto*my, n. Etym: [Adeno- + Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.

ADENOUS

ADENOUS Ade*nous, a. Defn: Same as Adenose.

ADEPS

ADEPS Adeps, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: Animal fat; lard.

ADEPT

ADEPT A*dept, n. Etym: [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), adipsci to arrive ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] Defn: One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.

ADEPT

ADEPT A*dept, a. Defn: Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient. Beaus adept in everything profound. Cowper.

ADEPTION

ADEPTION A*deption, n. Etym: [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] Defn: An obtaining; attainment. [Obs.] In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief adeption of the victory. Grafton.

ADEPTIST

ADEPTIST A*deptist, n. Defn: A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]

ADEPTNESS

ADEPTNESS A*deptness, n. Defn: The quality of being adept; skill.

ADEQUACY

ADEQUACY Ade*qua*cy, n. Etym: [See Adequate.] Defn: The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.

ADEQUATE

ADEQUATE Ade*quate, a. Etym: [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See Equal.] Defn: Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition. Ireland had no adequate champion. De Quincey. Syn. -- Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent; capable.

ADEQUATE

ADEQUATE Ade*quate, v. t. Etym: [See Adequate, a.] 1. To equalize; to make adequate. [R.] Fotherby. 2. To equal. [Obs.] It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in his eternity. Shelford.

ADEQUATELY

ADEQUATELY Ade*quate*ly, adv. Defn: In an adequate manner.

ADEQUATENESS

ADEQUATENESS Ade*quate*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.

ADEQUATION

ADEQUATION Ad`e*quation, n. Etym: [L. adaequatio.] Defn: The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent. [Obs.] Bp. Barlow.

ADESMY

ADESMY A*desmy, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.

ADESSENARIAN

ADESSENARIAN Ad*es`se*nari*an, n. Etym: [Formed fr. L. adesse to be present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One who held the real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.

ADFECTED

ADFECTED Ad*fected, a. Etym: [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.] (Alg.) Defn: See Affected, 5.

ADFILIATED

ADFILIATED Ad*fili*a`ted, a. Defn: See Affiliated. [Obs.]

ADFILIATION

ADFILIATION Ad*fil`i*ation, n. Defn: See Affiliation. [Obs.]

ADFLUXION

ADFLUXION Ad*fluxion, n. Defn: See Affluxion.

ADHAMANT

ADHAMANT Ad*hamant, a. Etym: [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus hook.] Defn: Clinging, as by hooks.

ADHERE

ADHERE Ad*here, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered; p. pr. & vb. n. Adhering.] Etym: [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to stick: cf. F. adh?rer. See Aghast.] 1. To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura. 2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church. 3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree. Nor time nor place did then adhere. Every thing adheres together. Shak. Syn. -- To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold

ADHERENCE

ADHERENCE Ad*herence, n. Etym: [Cf. F. adh?rence, LL. adhaerentia.] 1. The quality or state of adhering. 2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions. Syn. -- Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated. Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence to one's duty; close adherence to the argument, etc. Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense, except in the phrase To give in one's adhesion to a cause or a party.

ADHERENCY

ADHERENCY Ad*heren*cy, n. 1. The state or quality of being adherent; adherence. [R.] 2. That which adheres. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

ADHERENT

ADHERENT Ad*herent, a. Etym: [L. adhaerens, -entis, p. pr.: cf. F. adh?rent.] 1. Sticking; clinging; adhering. Pope. 2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance. 3. (Bot.) Defn: Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.

ADHERENT

ADHERENT Ad*herent, n. 1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church. 2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.] Milton. Syn. -- Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter; dependent; ally; backer.

ADHERENTLY

ADHERENTLY Ad*herent*ly, adv. Defn: In an adherent manner.

ADHERER

ADHERER Ad*herer, n. Defn: One who adheres; an adherent.

ADHESION

ADHESION Ad*hesion, n. Etym: [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F. adh?sion.] 1. The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like. 2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to error, to a policy. His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their foreign policy. De Quincey. 3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent. To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion. Macaulay. 4. (Physics) Defn: The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion. 5. (Med.) Defn: Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process. 6. (Bot.) Defn: The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant. Syn. -- Adherence; union. See Adherence.

ADHESIVE

ADHESIVE Ad*hesive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. adh?sif.] 1. Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances. 2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging. Thomson. Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. -- Adhesive inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which terminates in the reunion of divided parts without suppuration. -- Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.

ADHESIVELY

ADHESIVELY Ad*hesive*ly, adv. Defn: In an adhesive manner.

ADHESIVENESS

ADHESIVENESS Ad*hesive*ness, n. 1. The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union. 2. (Phren.) Defn: Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse.

ADHIBIT

ADHIBIT Ad*hibit, v. t. Etym: [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to hold to; ad + habere to have.] 1. To admit, as a person or thing; to take in. Muirhead. 2. To use or apply; to administer. Camden. 3. To attach; to affix. Alison.

ADHIBITION

ADHIBITION Ad`hi*bition, n. Etym: [L. adhibitio.] Defn: The act of adhibiting; application; use. Whitaker.

ADHORT

ADHORT Ad*hort, v. t. Etym: [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] Defn: To exhort; to advise. [Obs.] Feltham.

ADHORTATION

ADHORTATION Ad`hor*tation, n. Etym: [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Defn: Advice; exhortation. [Obs.] Peacham.

ADHORTATORY

ADHORTATORY Ad*horta*to*ry, a. Defn: Containing counsel or warning; hortatory; advisory. [Obs.] Potter.

ADIABATIC

ADIABATIC Ad`i*a*batic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physics) Defn: Not giving out or receiving heat. -- Ad`i*a*bat`ic*al*ly, adv. Adiabatic line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without either receiving or giving out heat. Rankine.

ADIACTINIC

ADIACTINIC Ad`i*ac*tinic, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + diactinic.] (Chem.) Defn: Not transmitting the actinic rays.

ADIANTUM

ADIANTUM Ad`i*antum, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.

ADIAPHORISM

ADIAPHORISM Ad`i*apho*rism, n. Defn: Religious indifference.

ADIAPHORIST

ADIAPHORIST Ad`i*apho*rist, n. Etym: [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical. Murdock.

ADIAPHORISTIC

ADIAPHORISTIC Ad`i*aph`o*ristic, a. Defn: Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice. Shipley.

ADIAPHORITE

ADIAPHORITE Ad`i*apho*rite, n. Defn: Same as Adiaphorist.

ADIAPHOROUS

ADIAPHOROUS Ad`i*apho*rous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. Indifferent or neutral. Jer. Taylor. 2. (Med.) Defn: Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines. Dunglison.

ADIAPHORY

ADIAPHORY Ad`i*apho*ry, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Indifference. [Obs.]

ADIATHERMIC

ADIATHERMIC Ad`i*a*thermic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Not pervious to heat.

ADIEU

ADIEU A*dieu, interj. & adv. Etym: [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F. dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Defn: Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.

ADIEU

ADIEU A*dieu, n.; pl. Adieus. Defn: A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting. Shak.

ADIGHT

ADIGHT A*dight, v. t. [p. p. Adight.] Etym: [Pref. a- (intensive) + OE. dihten. See Dight.] Defn: To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]

ADIOS

ADIOS A`dios, interj. [Sp., fr. L. ad to + deus god. Cf. Adieu.] Defn: Adieu; farewell; good-by; -- chiefly used among Spanish- speaking people. This word is often pronounced ?*deos, but the Spanish accent, though weak, is on the final syllable.

ADIPESCENT

ADIPESCENT Ad`i*pescent, a. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat + -escent.] Defn: Becoming fatty.

ADIPIC

ADIPIC A*dipic, a. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; -- applied to certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid.

ADIPOCERATE

ADIPOCERATE Ad`i*pocer*ate, v. t. Defn: To convert adipocere.

ADIPOCERATION

ADIPOCERATION Ad`i*poc`er*ation, n. Defn: The act or process of changing into adipocere.

ADIPOCERE

ADIPOCERE Adi*po*cere`, n. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf. F. adipocere.] Defn: A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.

ADIPOCERIFORM

ADIPOCERIFORM Ad`i*po*ceri*form, a. Etym: [Adipocere + -form.] Defn: Having the form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.

ADIPOCEROUS

ADIPOCEROUS Ad`i*pocer*ous, a. Defn: Like adipocere.

ADIPOGENOUS

ADIPOGENOUS Ad`i*poge*nous, a. [See Adipose; -genous.] (Med.) Defn: Producing fat.

ADIPOLYSIS

ADIPOLYSIS Ad`i*poly*sis, n. [NL.; L. adeps, adipis, fat + Gr. a loosing.] (Physiol.) Defn: The digestion of fats.

ADIPOLYTIC

ADIPOLYTIC Ad`i*po*lytic, a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + Gr. to loose.] (Chem.) Defn: Hydrolyzing fats; converting neutral fats into glycerin and free fatty acids, esp. by the action of an enzyme; as, adipolytic action.

ADIPOMA

ADIPOMA Ad`i*poma, n.; L. pl. -mata (#). [NL. See Adipose; -oma.] (Med.) Defn: A mass of fat found internally; also, a fatty tumor. -- Ad`i*poma*tous, a.

ADIPOSE

ADIPOSE Adi*pose`, a. Etym: [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Defn: Of or pertaining to animal fat; fatty. Adipose fin (Zo?l.), a soft boneless fin. -- Adipose tissue (Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains fat.

ADIPOSENESS; ADIPOSITY

ADIPOSENESS; ADIPOSITY Adi*pose`ness, Ad`i*posi*ty, n. Defn: The state of being fat; fatness.

ADIPOUS

ADIPOUS Adi*pous, a. Defn: Fatty; adipose. [R.]

ADIPSOUS

ADIPSOUS A*dipsous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.

ADIPSY

ADIPSY Adip*sy, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Absence of thirst.

ADIT

ADIT Adit, n. Etym: [L. aditus, fr. adire, , to go to; ad + ire to go.] 1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; -- called also drift and tunnel. 2. Admission; approach; access. [R.] Yourself and yours shall have Free adit. Tennyson.

ADJACENCE; ADJACENCY

ADJACENCE; ADJACENCY Adjacence, Ad*jacen*cy,Etym: [Cf. LL. adjacentia.] 1. The state of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity; as, the adjacency of lands or buildings. 2. That which is adjacent.[R.] Sir T. Browne.

ADJACENT

ADJACENT Ad*jacent, a. Etym: [L. adjacens, -centis, p. pr. of adjacere to lie near; ad + jac to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Defn: Lying near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a field adjacent to the highway. The adjacent forest. B. Jonson. Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle. Syn. -- Adjoining; contiguous; near. -- Adjacent, Adjoining, Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields, adjacent villages, etc. I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled with Christians. Howell. Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings; a wood contiguous to a plain.

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