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ACUTIFOLIATE A*cu`ti*foli*ate, a. Etym: [L. acutus sharp + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Defn: Having sharp-pointed leaves.


ACUTILOBATE A*cu`ti*lobate, a. Etym: [L. acutus sharp + E. lobe.] (Bot.) Defn: Having acute lobes, as some leaves.


ACUTORSION Ac`u*torsion, n. [L. acus needle + torsion.] (Med.) Defn: The twisting of an artery with a needle to arrest hemorrhage.


ACYCLIC A*cyclic, a. [Pref. a- not + cyclic.] Defn: Not cyclic; not disposed in cycles or whorls; as: (a) (Bot.) Defn: Of a flower, having its parts inserted spirally on the receptacle. (b) (Org. Chem.) Having an open-chain structure; aliphatic.


ACYL Acyl, n. [Acid + -yl.] (Org. Chem.) Defn: An acid radical, as acetyl, malonyl, or benzoyl.


AD- Ad-. Etym: [A Latin preposition, signifying to. See At.] Defn: As a prefix ad- assumes the forms ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, ar-, as-, at-, assimilating the d with the first letter of the word to which ad- is prefixed. It remains unchanged before vowels, and before d, h, j, m, v. Examples: adduce, adhere, adjacent, admit, advent, accord, affect, aggregate, allude, annex, appear, etc. It becomes ac- before qu, as in acquiesce.


AD CAPTANDUM Ad cap*tandum. Etym: [L., for catching.] Defn: A phrase used adjectively sometimes of meretricious attempts to catch or win popular favor.


AD HOMINEM Ad homi*nem. Etym: [L., to the man.] Defn: ` phrase applied to an appeal or argument addressed to the principles, interests, or passions of a man.


AD INFINITUM Ad in`fi*nitum. Etym: [L., to infinity.] Defn: Without limit; endlessly.


AD INTERIM Ad inter*imEtym: [L.] Defn: Meanwhile; temporary.


AD LIBITUM Ad libi*tum Defn: . At one's pleasure; as one wishes.


AD VALOREM Ad va*lorem. Etym: [L., according to the value.] (Com.) Defn: A term used to denote a duty or charge laid upon goods, at a certain rate per cent upon their value, as stated in their invoice, - - in opposition to a specific sum upon a given quantity or number; as, an ad valorem duty of twenty per cent.


ADACT Ad*act, v. t. Etym: [L. adactus, p. p. of adigere.] Defn: To compel; to drive. [Obs.] Fotherby.


ADACTYL; ADACTYLOUS A*dactyl, A*dactyl*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) (a) Without fingers or without toes. (b) Without claws on the feet (of crustaceous animals).


ADAGE Adage, n. Etym: [F. adage, fr. L. adagium; ad + the root of L. aio I say.] Defn: An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb. Letting I dare not wait upon I would, Like the poor cat i' the adage. Shak. Syn. -- Axiom; maxim; aphorism; proverb; saying; saw; apothegm. See Axiom.


ADAGIAL A*dagi*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to an adage; proverbial. Adagial verse. Barrow.


ADAGIO A*dagio, a. & adv. Etym: [It. adagio; ad (L. ad) at + agio convenience, leisure, ease. See Agio.] (Mus.) Defn: Slow; slowly, leisurely, and gracefully. When repeated, adagio, adagio, it directs the movement to be very slow.


ADAGIO A*dagio, n. Defn: A piece of music in adagio time; a slow movement; as, an adagio of Haydn.


ADAM Adam, n. 1. The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race. 2. (As a symbol) Defn: Original sin; human frailty. And whipped the offending Adam out of him. Shak. Adam's ale, water. [Coll.] -- Adam's apple. 1. (Bot.) (a) A species of banana (Musa paradisiaca). It attains a height of twenty feet or more. Paxton]. (b) A species of lime (Citris limetta). 2. The projection formed by the thyroid cartilage in the neck. It is particularly prominent in males, and is so called from a notion that it was caused by the forbidden fruit (an apple) sticking in the throat of our first parent. -- Adam's flannel (Bot.), the mullein (Verbascum thapsus). -- Adam's needle (Bot.), the popular name of a genus (Yucca) of liliaceous plants.


ADAM'S APPLE Adam's apple. Defn: See under Adam.


ADAMANT Ada*mant, n. Etym: [OE. adamaunt, adamant, diamond, magnet, OF. adamant, L. adamas, adamantis, the hardest metal, fr. Gr. adamare to love, be attached to, the word meant also magnet, as in OF. and LL. See Diamond, Tame.] 1. A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name given to the diamond and other substance of extreme hardness; but in modern minerology it has no technical signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for the embodiment of impenetrable hardness. Opposed the rocky orb Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield. Milton. 2. Lodestone; magnet. [Obs.] A great adamant of acquaintance. Bacon. As true to thee as steel to adamant. Greene.


ADAMANTEAN Ad`a*man*tean, a. Etym: [L. adamanteus.] Defn: Of adamant; hard as adamant. Milton.


ADAMANTINE Ad`a*mantine, a. Etym: [L. adamantinus, Gr. 1. Made of adamant, or having the qualities of adamant; incapable of being broken, dissolved, or penetrated; as, adamantine bonds or chains. 2. (Min.) Defn: Like the diamond in hardness or luster.


ADAMBULACRAL Ad`am*bu*lacral, a. Etym: [L. ad + E. ambulacral.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Next to the ambulacra; as, the adambulacral ossicles of the starfish.


ADAMIC; ADAMICAL A*damic, A*damic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Adam, or resembling him. Adamic earth, a name given to common red clay, from a notion that Adam means red earth.


ADAMITE Adam*ite, n. Etym: [From Adam.] 1. A descendant of Adam; a human being. 2. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.


ADANCE A*dance, adv. Defn: Dancing. Lowell.


ADANGLE A*dangle, adv. Defn: Dangling. Browning.


ADANSONIA Ad`an*soni*a, n. Etym: [From Adanson, a French botanist.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkey-bread of Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a wide-spreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth. D. C. Eaton.


ADAPT A*dapt, a. Defn: Fitted; suited. [Obs.] Swift.


ADAPT A*dapt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adapted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adapting.] Etym: [L. adaptare; ad + aptare to fit; cf. F. adapter. See Apt, Adept.] Defn: To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; -- sometimes followed by to or for. For nature, always in the right, To your decays adapts my sight. Swift. Appeals adapted to his [man's] whole nature. Angus. Streets ill adapted for the residence of wealthy persons. Macaulay.


ADAPTABILITY; ADAPTABLENESS A*dapt`a*bili*ty, A*dapta*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being adaptable; suitableness. General adaptability for every purpose. Farrar.


ADAPTABLE A*dapta*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being adapted.


ADAPTATION Ad`ap*tation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.] 1. The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness. Adaptation of the means to the end. Erskine. 2. The result of adapting; an adapted form.


ADAPTATIVE A*dapta*tive, a. Defn: Adaptive. Stubbs.


ADAPTEDNESS A*dapted*ness, n. Defn: The state or quality of being adapted; suitableness; special fitness.


ADAPTER A*dapter, n. 1. One who adapts. 2. (Chem.) Defn: A connecting tube; an adopter.


ADAPTION A*daption, n. Defn: Adaptation. Cheyne.


ADAPTIVE A*daptive, a. Defn: Suited, given, or tending, to adaptation; characterized by adaptation; capable of adapting. Coleridge. -- A*daptive*ly, adv.


ADAPTIVENESS A*daptive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being adaptive; capacity to adapt.


ADAPTLY A*daptly, adv. Defn: In a suitable manner. [R.] Prior.


ADAPTNESS A*daptness, n. Defn: Adaptedness. [R.]


ADAPTORIAL Ad`ap*tori*al, a. Defn: Adaptive. [R.]


ADAR Adar, n. Etym: [Heb. ad?r.] Defn: The twelfth month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It corresponded nearly with March.


ADARCE A*darce, n. Etym: [L. adarce, adarca, Gr. Defn: A saltish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia. It is soft and porous, and was formerly used for cleansing the skin from freckles and tetters, and also in leprosy. Dana.


ADATIS Ada*tis, n. Defn: A fine cotton cloth of India.


ADAUNT A*daunt, v. t. Etym: [OE. adaunten to overpower, OF. adonter; ? (L. ad) + donter, F. dompter. See Daunt.] Defn: To daunt; to subdue; to mitigate. [Obs.] Skelton.


ADAW A*daw, v. t. Etym: [Cf. OE. adawe of dawe, AS. of dagum from days, i. e., from life, out of life.] Defn: To subdue; to daunt. [Obs.] The sight whereof did greatly him adaw. Spenser.


ADAW A*daw, v. t. & i. Etym: [OE. adawen to wake; pref. a- (cf. Goth. us- , Ger. er-) + dawen, dagon, to dawn. See Daw.] Defn: To awaken; to arouse. [Obs.] A man that waketh of his sleep He may not suddenly well taken keep Upon a thing, ne seen it parfitly Till that he be adawed verily. Chaucer.


ADAYS A*days, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- (for on) + day; the final s was orig. a genitive ending, afterwards forming adverbs.] Defn: By day, or every day; in the daytime. [Obs.] Fielding.


ADD Add, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Added; p. pr. & vb. n. Adding.] Etym: [L. addere; ad + dare to give, put. Cf. Date, Do.] 1. To give by way of increased possession (to any one); to bestow (on). The Lord shall add to me another son. Gen. xxx. 24. 2. To join or unite, as one thing to another, or as several particulars, so as to increase the number, augment the quantity, enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. Hence: To sum up; to put together mentally; as, to add numbers; to add up a column. Back to thy punishment, False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings. Milton. As easily as he can add together the ideas of two days or two years. Locke. 3. To append, as a statement; to say further. He added that he would willingly consent to the entire abolition of the tax. Macaulay. Syn. -- To Add, Join, Annex, Unite, Coalesce. We add by bringing things together so as to form a whole. We join by putting one thing to another in close or continuos connection. We annex by attaching some adjunct to a larger body. We unite by bringing things together so that their parts adhere or intermingle. Things coalesce by coming together or mingling so as to form one organization. To add quantities; to join houses; to annex territory; to unite kingdoms; to make parties coalesce.


ADD Add, v. i. 1. To make an addition. To add to, to augment; to increase; as, it adds to our anxiety. I will add to your yoke. 1 Kings xii. 14. 2. To perform the arithmetical operation of addition; as, he adds rapidly.


ADDABLE Adda*ble, a. Etym: [Add, v. + -able.] Defn: Addible.


ADDAX Addax, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the largest African antelopes (Hippotragus, or Oryx, nasomaculatus). Note: It is now believed to be the Strepsiceros (twisted horn) of the ancients. By some it is thought to be the pygarg of the Bible.


ADDEEM Ad*deem, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + deem.] Defn: To award; to adjudge. [Obs.] Unto him they did addeem the prise. Spenser.


ADDENDUM Ad*dendum, n.; pl. Addenda. Etym: [L., fr. addere to add.] Defn: A thing to be added; an appendix or addition. Addendum circle (Mech.), the circle which may be described around a circular spur wheel or gear wheel, touching the crests or tips of the teeth. Rankine.


ADDER Adder, n. Etym: [See Add.] Defn: One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.


ADDER Adder, n. Etym: [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. n?dre, adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. nathr, masc., nathra, fem.: cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An adder is for a nadder.] 1. A serpent. [Obs.] The eddre seide to the woman. Wyclif. Gen. iii. 4. ) 2. (Zo?l.) (a) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera (or Pelias) berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho. (b) In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc. (c) Same as Sea Adder. Note: In the sculptures the appellation is given to several venomous serpents, -- sometimes to the horned viper (Cerastles).


ADDER'S-TONGUE Adder's-tongue`, n. (Bot.) (a) A genus of ferns (Ophioglossum), whose seeds are produced on a spike resembling a serpent's tongue. (b) The yellow dogtooth violet. Gray.


ADDER FLY Adder fly. Defn: A dragon fly.


ADDERWORT Adder*wort`, n. (Bot.) Defn: The common bistort or snakeweed (Polygonum bistorta).


ADDIBILITY Add`i*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quantity of being addible; capability of addition. Locke.


ADDIBLE Addi*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being added. Addible numbers. Locke.


ADDICE Addice, n. Defn: See Adze. [Obs.] Moxon.


ADDICT Ad*dict, p. p. Defn: Addicted; devoted. [Obs.]


ADDICT Ad*dict, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Addicting.] Etym: [L. addictus, p. p. of addicere to adjudge, devote; ad + dicere to say. See Diction.] 1. To apply habitually; to devote; to habituate; -- with to. They addict themselves to the civil law. Evelyn. He is addicted to his study. Beau. & Fl. That part of mankind that addict their minds to speculations. Adventurer. His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity. Fuller. A man gross . . . and addicted to low company. Macaulay. 2. To adapt; to make suitable; to fit. [Obs.] The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of the place hinders the growth. Evelyn. Syn. -- Addict, Devote, Consecrate, Dedicate. Addict was formerly used in a good sense; as, addicted to letters; but is now mostly employed in a bad sense or an indifferent one; as, addicted to vice; addicted to sensual indulgence. Addicted to staying at home. J. S. Mill. Devote is always taken in a good sense, expressing habitual earnestness in the pursuit of some favorite object; as, devoted to science. Consecrate and dedicate express devotion of a higher kind, involving religious sentiment; as, consecrated to the service of the church; dedicated to God.


ADDICTEDNESS Ad*dicted*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being addicted; attachment.


ADDICTION Ad*diction, n. Etym: [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.] Defn: The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. His addiction was to courses vain. Shak.


ADDISON'S DISEASE Addi*son's dis*ease. Etym: [Named from Thomas Addison, M. D., of London, who first described it.] (Med.) Defn: A morbid condition causing a peculiar brownish discoloration of the skin, and thought, at one time, to be due to disease of the suprarenal capsules (two flat triangular bodies covering the upper part of the kidneys), but now known not to be dependent upon this causes exclusively. It is usually fatal.


ADDITAMENT Ad*dita*ment, n. Etym: [L. additamentum, fr. additus, p. p. of addere to add.] Defn: An addition, or a thing added. Fuller. My persuasion that the latter verses of the chapter were an additament of a later age. Coleridge.


ADDITION Ad*dition, n. Etym: [F. addition, L. additio, fr. addere to add.] 1. The act of adding two or more things together; -- opposed to subtraction or diminution. This endless addition or addibility of numbers. Locke. 2. Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition to a building. 3. (Math.) Defn: That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers. 4. (Mus.) Defn: A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its sound is to be lengthened one half. [R.] 5. (Law) Defn: A title annexed to a man's name, to identify him more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title. 6. (Her.) Defn: Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; -- opposed to abatement. Vector addition (Geom.), that kind of addition of two lines, or vectors, AB and BC, by which their sum is regarded as the line, or vector, AC. Syn. -- Increase; accession; augmentation; appendage; adjunct.


ADDITIONAL Ad*dition*al, a. Defn: Added; supplemental; in the way of an addition.


ADDITIONAL Ad*dition*al, n. Defn: Something added. [R.] Bacon.


ADDITIONALLY Ad*dition*al*ly, adv. Defn: By way of addition.


ADDITIONARY Ad*dition*a*ry, a. Defn: Additional. [R.] Herbert.


ADDITITIOUS Ad`di*titious, a. Etym: [L. addititius, fr. addere.] Defn: Additive. [R.] Sir J. Herschel.


ADDITIVE Addi*tive, a. Etym: [L. additivus.] (Math.) Defn: Proper to be added; positive; -- opposed to subtractive.


ADDITORY Addi*to*ry, a. Defn: Tending to add; making some addition. [R.] Arbuthnot.


ADDLE Addle, n. Etym: [OE. adel, AS. adela, mud.] 1. Liquid filth; mire. [Obs.] 2. Lees; dregs. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


ADDLE Addle, a. Defn: Having lost the power of development, and become rotten, as eggs; putrid. Hence: Unfruitful or confused, as brains; muddled. Dryden.


ADDLE Addle, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Addled; p. pr. & vb. n. Addling.] Defn: To make addle; to grow addle; to muddle; as, he addled his brain. Their eggs were addled. Cowper.


ADDLE Addle, v. t. & i. Etym: [OE. adlen, adilen, to gain, acquire; prob. fr. Icel. ?\'eblask to acquire property, akin to othal property. Cf. Allodial.] 1. To earn by labor. [Prov. Eng.] Forby. 2. To thrive or grow; to ripen. [Prov. Eng.] Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more. Tusser.


ADDLE-BRAIN; ADDLE-HEAD; ADDLE-PATE Addle-brain`, Addle-head`, Addle-pate, n. Defn: A foolish or dull-witted fellow. [Colloq.]


ADDLE-BRAINED; ADDLE-HEADED; ADDLE-PATED Addle-brained`, Addle-head`ed, Addle-pa`ted, a. Defn: Dull-witted; stupid. The addle-brained Oberstein. Motley. Dull and addle-pated. Dryden.


ADDLE-PATEDNESS Addle-pa`ted*ness, n. Defn: Stupidity.


ADDLINGS Addlings, n. pl. Etym: [See Addle, to earn.] Defn: Earnings. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


ADDOOM Ad*doom, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + doom.] Defn: To adjudge. [Obs.] Spenser.


ADDORSED Ad*dorsed, a. Etym: [L. ad + dorsum, back: cf. F. adoss?.] (Her.) Defn: Set or turned back to back.


ADDRESS Ad*dress, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addressed; p. pr. & vb. n. Addressing.] Etym: [OE. adressen to raise erect, adorn, OF. adrecier, to straighten, address, F. adresser, fr. ? (L. ad) + OF. drecier, F. dresser, to straighten, arrange. See Dress, v.] 1. To aim; to direct. [Obs.] Chaucer. And this good knight his way with me addrest. Spenser. 2. To prepare or make ready. [Obs.] His foe was soon addressed. Spenser. Turnus addressed his men to single fight. Dryden. The five foolish virgins addressed themselves at the noise of the bridegroom's coming. Jer. Taylor. 3. Reflexively: To prepare one's self; to apply one's skill or energies (to some object); to betake. These men addressed themselves to the task. Macaulay. 4. To clothe or array; to dress. [Archaic] Tecla . . . addressed herself in man's apparel. Jewel. 5. To direct, as words (to any one or any thing); to make, as a speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience). The young hero had addressed his players to him for his assistance. Dryden. 6. To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether spoken or written; to apply to by words, as by a speech, petition, etc., to speak to; to accost. Are not your orders to address the senate Addison. The representatives of the nation addressed the king. Swift. 7. To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to direct and transmit; as, he addressed a letter. 8. To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo. 9. (Com.) Defn: To consign or intrust to the care of another, as agent or factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in Baltimore. To address one's self to. (a) To prepare one's self for; to apply one's self to. (b) To direct one's speech or discourse to.


ADDRESS Ad*dress, v. i. 1. To prepare one's self. [Obs.] Let us address to tend on Hector's heels. Shak. 2. To direct speech. [Obs.] Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrest. Dryden. Note: The intransitive uses come from the dropping out of the reflexive pronoun.


ADDRESS Ad*dress, n. Etym: [Cf. F. adresse. See Address, v. t.] 1. Act of preparing one's self. [Obs.] Jer Taylor. 2. Act of addressing one's self to a person; verbal application. 3. A formal communication, either written or spoken; a discourse; a speech; a formal application to any one; a petition; a formal statement on some subject or special occasion; as, an address of thanks, an address to the voters. 4. Direction or superscription of a letter, or the name, title, and place of residence of the person addressed. 5. Manner of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of pleasing or insinuating address. 6. Attention in the way one's addresses to a lady. Addison. 7. Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness. Syn. -- Speech; discourse; harangue; oration; petition; lecture; readiness; ingenuity; tact; adroitness.


ADDRESSEE Ad`dress*ee, n. Defn: One to whom anything is addressed.


ADDRESSION Ad*dression, n. Defn: The act of addressing or directing one's course. [Rare & Obs.] Chapman.


ADDUCE Ad*duce, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adduced; p. pr. & vb. n. Adducing.] Etym: [L. adducere, adductum, to lead or bring to; ad + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf. Adduct.] Defn: To bring forward or offer, as an argument, passage, or consideration which bears on a statement or case; to cite; to allege. Reasons . . . were adduced on both sides. Macaulay. Enough could not be adduced to satisfy the purpose of illustration. De Quincey. Syn. -- To present; allege; advance; cite; quote; assign; urge; name; mention.


ADDUCENT Ad*ducent, a. Etym: [L. addunces, p. pr. of adducere.] (Physiol.) Defn: Bringing together or towards a given point; -- a word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to abducent.


ADDUCER Ad*ducer, n. Defn: One who adduces.


ADDUCIBLE Ad*duci*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being adduced. Proofs innumerable, and in every imaginable manner diversified, are adducible. I. Taylor.


ADDUCT Ad*duct, v. t. Etym: [L. adductus, p. p. of adducere. See Adduce.] (Physiol.) Defn: To draw towards a common center or a middle line. Huxley.


ADDUCTION Ad*duction, n. Etym: [Cf. F. adduction. See Adduce.] 1. The act of adducing or bringing forward. An adduction of facts gathered from various quarters. I. Taylor. 2. (Physiol.) Defn: The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis]; -- opposed to abduction. Dunglison.


ADDUCTIVE Ad*ductive, a. Defn: Adducing, or bringing towards or to something.

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