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ACQUAINTANCE Ac*quaintance, n. Etym: [OE. aqueintance, OF. acointance, fr. acointier. See Acquaint.] 1. A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have no acquaintance with him. Contract no friendship, or even acquaintance, with a guileful man. Sir W. Jones. 2. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted. Montgomery was an old acquaintance of Ferguson. Macaulay. Note: In this sense the collective term acquaintance was formerly both singular and plural, but it is now commonly singular, and has the regular plural acquaintances. To be of acquaintance, to be intimate. -- To take acquaintance of or with, to make the acquaintance of. [Obs.] Syn. -- Familiarity; intimacy; fellowship; knowledge. -- Acquaintance, Familiarity, Intimacy. These words mark different degrees of closeness in social intercourse. Acquaintance arises from occasional intercourse; as, our acquaintance has been a brief one. We can speak of a slight or an intimate acquaintance. Familiarity is the result of continued acquaintance. It springs from persons being frequently together, so as to wear off all restraint and reserve; as, the familiarity of old companions. Intimacy is the result of close connection, and the freest interchange of thought; as, the intimacy of established friendship. Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon our nearer acquaintance with him. Addison. We contract at last such a familiarity with them as makes it difficult and irksome for us to call off our minds. Atterbury. It is in our power to confine our friendships and intimacies to men of virtue. Rogers.


ACQUAINTANCESHIP Ac*quaintance*ship, n. Defn: A state of being acquainted; acquaintance. Southey.


ACQUAINTANT Ac*quaintant, n. Etym: [Cf. F. acointant, p. pr.] Defn: An acquaintance. [R.] Swift.


ACQUAINTED Ac*quainted, a. Defn: Personally known; familiar. See To be acquainted with, under Acquaint, v. t.


ACQUAINTEDNESS Ac*quainted*ness, n. Defn: State of being acquainted; degree of acquaintance. [R.] Boyle.


ACQUEST Ac*quest, n. Etym: [OF. aquest, F. acqu?t, fr. LL. acquestum, acquisitum, for L. acquisitum, p. p. (used substantively) of acquirere to acquire. See Acquire.] 1. Acquisition; the thing gained. [R.] Bacon. 2. (Law) Defn: Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise than by inheritance. Bouvier.


ACQUIESCE Ac`qui*esce, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acquiesced; p. pr. & vb. n. Acquiescing] Etym: [L. acquiescere; ad + quiescere to be quiet, fr. quies rest: cf. F. acquiescer. See Quiet.] 1. To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence or by omitting to object; -- followed by in, formerly also by with and to. They were compelled to acquiesce in a government which they did not regard as just. De Quincey. 2. To concur upon conviction; as, to acquiesce in an opinion; to assent to; usually, to concur, not heartily but so far as to forbear opposition. Syn. -- To submit; comply; yield; assent; agree; consent; accede; concur; conform; accept tacitly.


ACQUIESCENCE Ac`qui*escence, n. Etym: [Cf. F. acquiescence.] 1. A silent or passive assent or submission, or a submission with apparent content; -- distinguished from avowed consent on the one hand, and on the other, from opposition or open discontent; quiet satisfaction. 2. (Crim. Law) (a) Submission to an injury by the party injured. (b) Tacit concurrence in the action of another. Wharton. p. 17


ACQUIESCENCY Ac`qui*escen*cy, n. Defn: The quality of being acquiescent; acquiescence.


ACQUIESCENT Ac`qui*escent, a. Etym: [L. acquiescens, -; p. pr.] Defn: Resting satisfied or submissive; disposed tacitly to submit; assentive; as, an acquiescent policy.


ACQUIESCENTLY Ac`qui*escent*ly, adv. Defn: In an acquiescent manner.


ACQUIET Ac*quiet, v. t. Etym: [LL. acquietare; L. ad + quies rest. See Quiet and cf. Acquit.] Defn: To quiet. [Obs.] Acquiet his mind from stirring you against your own peace. Sir A. Sherley.


ACQUIRABILITY Ac*quira*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being acquirable; attainableness. [R.] Paley.


ACQUIRABLE Ac*quira*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being acquired.


ACQUIRE Ac*quire, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquired; p. pr. & vb. n. Acquiring.] Etym: [L. acquirere, acquisitum; ad + quarere to seek for. In OE. was a verb aqueren, fr. the same, through OF. aquerre. See Quest..] Defn: To gain, usually by one's own exertions; to get as one's own; as, to acquire a title, riches, knowledge, skill, good or bad habits. No virtue is acquired in an instant, but step by step. Barrow. Descent is the title whereby a man, on the death of his ancestor, acquires his estate, by right of representation, as his heir at law. Blackstone. Syn. -- To obtain; gain; attain; procure; win; earn; secure. See Obtain.


ACQUIREMENT Ac*quirement, n. Defn: The act of acquiring, or that which is acquired; attainment. Rules for the acquirement of a taste. Addison. His acquirements by industry were . . . enriched and enlarged by many excellent endowments of nature. Hayward. Syn. -- Acquisition, Acquirement. Acquirement is used in opposition to a natural gift or talent; as, eloquence, and skill in music and painting, are acquirements; genius is the gift or endowment of nature. It denotes especially personal attainments, in opposition to material or external things gained, which are more usually called acquisitions; but this distinction is not always observed.


ACQUIRER Ac*quirer, n. Defn: A person who acquires.


ACQUIRY Ac*quiry, n. Defn: Acquirement. [Obs.] Barrow.


ACQUISITE Acqui*site, a. Etym: [L. acquisitus, p. p. of acquirere. See Acquire.] Defn: Acquired. [Obs.] Burton.


ACQUISITION Ac`qui*sition, n. Etym: [L. acquisitio, fr. acquirere: cf. F. acquisition. See Acquire.] 1. The act or process of acquiring. The acquisition or loss of a province. Macaulay. 2. The thing acquired or gained; an acquirement; a gain; as, learning is an acquisition. Syn. -- See Acquirement.


ACQUISITIVE Ac*quisi*tive, a. 1. Acquired. [Obs.] He died not in his acquisitive, but in his native soil. Wotton. 2. Able or disposed to make acquisitions; acquiring; as, an acquisitive person or disposition.


ACQUISITIVELY Ac*quisi*tive*ly, adv. Defn: In the way of acquisition.


ACQUISITIVENESS Ac*quisi*tive*ness, n. 1. The quality of being acquisitive; propensity to acquire property; desire of possession. 2. (Phren.) Defn: The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute the desire of acquiring and possessing. Combe.


ACQUISITOR Ac*quisi*tor, n. Defn: One who acquires.


ACQUIST Ac*quist, n. Etym: [Cf. Acquest.] Defn: Acquisition; gain. Milton.


ACQUIT Ac*quit, p. p. Defn: Acquitted; set free; rid of. [Archaic] Shak.


ACQUIT Ac*quit, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acquitting.] Etym: [OE. aquiten, OF. aquiter, F. acquitter; (L. ad) + OF. quiter, F. quitter, to quit. See Quit, and cf. Acquiet.] 1. To discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off; to pay off; to requite. A responsibility that can never be absolutely acquitted. I. Taylor. 2. To pay for; to atone for. [Obs.] Shak. 3. To set free, release or discharge from an obligation, duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge; -- now followed by of before the charge, formerly by from; as, the jury acquitted the prisoner; we acquit a man of evil intentions. 4. Reflexively: (a) To clear one's self.k. (b) To bear or conduct one's self; to perform one's part; as, the soldier acquitted himself well in battle; the orator acquitted himself very poorly. Syn. -- To absolve; clear; exonerate; exonerate; exculpate; release; discharge. See Absolve.


ACQUITMENT Ac*quitment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. aquitement.] Defn: Acquittal. [Obs.] Milton.


ACQUITTAL Ac*quittal, n. 1. The act of acquitting; discharge from debt or obligation; acquittance. 2. (Law) Defn: A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court. Bouvier.


ACQUITTANCE Ac*quittance, n. Etym: [OF. aquitance, fr. aquiter. See Acquit.] 1. The clearing off of debt or obligation; a release or discharge from debt or other liability. 2. A writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in full, which bars a further demand. You can produce acquittances For such a sum, from special officers. Shak.


ACQUITTANCE Ac*quittance, v. t. Defn: To acquit. [Obs.] Shak.


ACQUITTER Ac*quitter, n. Defn: One who acquits or releases.


ACRANIA A*crani*a, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. 1. (Physiol.) Defn: Partial or total absence of the skull. 2. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the amphioxus, in which no skull exists.


ACRANIAL A*crani*al, a. Defn: Wanting a skull.


ACRASE; ACRAZE A*crase, A*craze, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + crase; or cf. F. ?craser to crush. See Crase, Craze.] 1. To craze. [Obs.] Grafton. 2. To impair; to destroy. [Obs.] Hacket.


ACRASIA; ACRASY A*crasi*a, Acra*sy n. Etym: [Gr. akrasia.] Defn: Excess; intemperance. [Obs. except in Med.] Farindon.


ACRASPEDA A*craspe*da, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of acalephs, including most of the larger jellyfishes; the Discophora.


ACRE Acre, n. Etym: [OE. aker, AS. ?cer; akin to OS. accar, OHG. achar, Ger. acker, Icel. akr, Sw. ?ker, Dan. ager, Goth. akrs, L. ager, Gr. ajra. *2, 206.] 1. Any field of arable or pasture land. [Obs.] 2. A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feet. This is the English statute acre. That of the United States is the same. The Scotch acre was about 1.26 of the English, and the Irish 1.62 of the English. Note: The acre was limited to its present definite quantity by statutes of Edward I., Edward III., and Henry VIII. Broad acres, many acres, much landed estate. [Rhetorical] -- God's acre, God's field; the churchyard. I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls The burial ground, God's acre. Longfellow.


ACREABLE Acre*a*ble, a. Defn: Of an acre; per acre; as, the acreable produce.


ACREAGE Acre*age, n. Defn: Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a farm or a country.


ACRED Acred, a. Defn: Possessing acres or landed property; -- used in composition; as, large-acred men.


ACRID Acrid, a. Etym: [L. acer sharp; prob. assimilated in form to acid. See Eager.] 1. Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not, to the taste; pungent; as, acrid salts. 2. Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; as, acrid secretions. 3. Caustic; bitter; bitterly irritating; as, acrid temper, mind, writing. Acrid poison, a poison which irritates, corrodes, or burns the parts to which it is applied.


ACRIDITY; ACRIDNESS A*cridi*ty, Acrid*ness n. Defn: The quality of being acrid or pungent; irritant bitterness; acrimony; as, the acridity of a plant, of a speech.


ACRIDLY Acrid*ly, adv. Defn: In an acid manner.


ACRIMONIOUS Acri*moni*ous, a. Etym: [Cf. LL. acrimonious, F. acrimonieux.] 1. Acrid; corrosive; as, acrimonious gall. [Archaic] Harvey. 2. Caustic; bitter-tempered' sarcastic; as, acrimonious dispute, language, temper.


ACRIMONIOUSLY Ac`ri*moni*ous*ly, adv. Defn: In an acrimonious manner.


ACRIMONIOUSNESS Ac`ri*moni*ous*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being acrimonious; asperity; acrimony.


ACRIMONY Acri*mo*ny, n.; pl. Acrimonies. Etym: [L. acrimonia, fr. acer, sharp: cf. F. acrimonie.] 1. A quality of bodies which corrodes or destroys others; also, a harsh or biting sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain plants. [Archaic] Bacon. 2. Sharpness or severity, as of language or temper; irritating bitterness of disposition or manners. John the Baptist set himself with much acrimony and indignation to baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of theirs. South. Syn. -- Acrimony, Asperity, Harshness, Tartness. These words express different degrees of angry feeling or language. Asperity and harshness arise from angry feelings, connected with a disregard for the feelings of others. Harshness usually denotes needless severity or an undue measure of severity. Acrimony is a biting sharpness produced by an imbittered spirit. Tartness denotes slight asperity and implies some degree of intellectual readiness. Tartness of reply; harshness of accusation; acrimony of invective. In his official letters he expressed, with great acrimony, his contempt for the king's character. Macaulay. It is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received. Johnson. A just reverence of mankind prevents the growth of harshness and brutality. Shaftesbury.


ACRISIA; ACRISY A*crisi*a, Acri*sy, n. Etym: [LL. acrisia, Gr. 1. Inability to judge. 2. (Med.) Defn: Undecided character of a disease. [Obs.]


ACRITA Acri*ta, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The lowest groups of animals, in which no nervous system has been observed.


ACRITAN Acri*tan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Acrita. -- n. An individual of the Acrita.


ACRITE Acrite, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Acritan. Owen.


ACRITICAL A*critic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Having no crisis; giving no indications of a crisis; as, acritical symptoms, an acritical abscess.


ACRITOCHROMACY Ac`ri*to*chroma*cy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Color blindness; achromatopsy.


ACRITUDE Acri*tude, n. Etym: [L. acritudo, from acer sharp.] Defn: Acridity; pungency joined with heat. [Obs.]


ACRITY Acri*ty, n. Etym: [L. acritas, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. ?cret?.] Defn: Sharpness; keenness. [Obs.]


ACROAMATIC; ACROAMATICAL Ac`ro*a*matic, Ac`ro*a*matic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Communicated orally; oral; -- applied to the esoteric teachings of Aristotle, those intended for his genuine disciples, in distinction from his exoteric doctrines, which were adapted to outsiders or the public generally. Hence: Abstruse; profound.


ACROATIC Ac`ro*atic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Same as Acroamatic.


ACROBAT Acro*bat, n. Etym: [F. acrobate, fr. Gr. Defn: One who practices rope dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats.


ACROBATIC Ac`ro*batic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. acrobatique.] Defn: Pertaining to an acrobat. -- Ac`ro*batic*al*ly, adv.


ACROBATISM Acro*bat*ism, n. Defn: Feats of the acrobat; daring gymnastic feats; high vaulting.


ACROCARPOUS Ac`ro*carpous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) (a) Having a terminal fructification; having the fruit at the end of the stalk. (b) Having the fruit stalks at the end of a leafy stem, as in certain mosses.


ACROCEPHALIC Ac`ro*ce*phalic, a. Etym: [Gr. Cephalic.] Defn: Characterized by a high skull.


ACROCEPHALY Ac`ro*cepha*ly, n. Defn: Loftiness of skull.


ACROCERAUNIAN Ac`ro*ce*rauni*an, a. Etym: [L. acroceraunius, fr. Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to the high mountain range of thunder- smitten peaks (now Kimara), between Epirus and Macedonia. Shelley.


ACRODACTYLUM Ac`ro*dactyl*um, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The upper surface of the toes, individually.


ACRODONT Acro*dont, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of a group of lizards having the teeth immovably united to the top of the alveolar ridge. -- a. Of or pertaining to the acrodonts.


ACROGEN Acro*gen, n. Etym: [Gr. -gen.] (Bot.) Defn: A plant of the highest class of cryptograms, including the ferns, etc. See Cryptogamia. The Age of Acrogens (Geol.), the age of coal plants, or the carboniferous era.


ACROGENOUS Ac*roge*nous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Increasing by growth from the extremity; as, an acrogenous plant.


ACROLEIN A*crole*in, n. Etym: [L. acer sharp + olere to smell.] (Chem.) Defn: A limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid, obtained by the dehydration of glycerin, or the destructive distillation of neutral fats containing glycerin. Its vapors are intensely irritating. Watts.


ACROLITH Acro*lith, n. Etym: [L. acrolthus, Gr. with the ends made of stone; (Arch. & Sculp.) Defn: A statue whose extremities are of stone, the trunk being generally of wood. Elmes.


ACROLITHAN; ACROLITHIC A*croli*than, Ac`ro*lithic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or like, an acrolith.


ACROMEGALY Ac`ro*mega*ly, n. Etym: [NL. acromegalia, fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Chronic enlargement of the extremities and face.


ACROMIAL A*cromi*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. acromial.] (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the acromion. Dunglison.


ACROMION A*cromi*on, n. Etym: [Gr. acromion.] (Anat.) Defn: The outer extremity of the shoulder blade.


ACROMONOGRAMMATIC Ac`ro*mon`o*gram*matic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Having each verse begin with the same letter as that with which the preceding verse ends.


ACRONYC; ACRONYCHAL A*cronyc, A*cronych*al, a. Etym: [Gr. (Astron.) Defn: Rising at sunset and setting at sunrise, as a star; -- opposed to cosmical. Note: The word is sometimes incorrectly written acronical, achronychal, acronichal, and acronical.


ACRONYCALLY A*cronyc*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an acronycal manner as rising at the setting of the sun, and vise vers?.


ACRONYCTOUS Acro*nyctous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Astron.) Defn: Acronycal.


ACROOK A*crook, adv. Defn: Crookedly. [R.] Udall.


ACROPETAL A*crope*tal, a. Etym: [Gr. petere to seek.] (Bot.) Defn: Developing from below towards the apex, or from the circumference towards the center; centripetal; -- said of certain inflorescence.


ACROPHONY A*cropho*ny, n. [Gr. 'a`kros extreme + sound.] Defn: The use of a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object.


ACROPHONY; ACHROPHONY A*cropho*ny, A*chropho*ny, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The use of a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object.


ACROPODIUM Ac`ro*podi*um, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The entire upper surface of the foot.


ACROPOLIS A*cropo*lis, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the citadel of Athens.


ACROPOLITAN Acro*poli*tan, a. Defn: Pertaining to an acropolis.


ACROSPIRE Acro*spire, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; -- so called from its spiral form.


ACROSPIRE Acro*spire, v. i. Defn: To put forth the first sprout.


ACROSPORE Acro*spore, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A spore borne at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi.


ACROSPOROUS Acro*sporous, a. Defn: Having acrospores.


ACROSS A*cross (#; 115), prep. Etym: [Pref. a- + cross: cf. F. en croix. See Cross, n.] Defn: From side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length; quite over; as, a bridge laid across a river. Dryden. To come across, to come upon or meet incidentally. Freeman. -- To go across the country, to go by a direct course across a region without following the roads.


ACROSS A*cross, adv. 1. From side to side; crosswise; as, with arms folded across. Shak. 2. Obliquely; athwart; amiss; awry. [Obs.] The squint-eyed Pharisees look across at all the actions of Christ. Bp. Hall.


ACROSTIC A*crostic, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. A composition, usually in verse, in which the first or the last letters of the lines, or certain other letters, taken in order, form a name, word, phrase, or motto. 2. A Hebrew poem in which the lines or stanzas begin with the letters of the alphabet in regular order (as Psalm cxix.). See Abecedarian. Double acrostic, a species of enigma, in which words are to be guessed whose initial and final letters form other words.


ACROSTIC; ACROSTICAL A*crostic, A*crosti*cal, n. Defn: Pertaining to, or characterized by, acrostics.


ACROSTICALLY A*crostic*al*ly, adv. Defn: After the manner of an acrostic.


ACROTARSIUM Ac`ro*tarsi*um, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The instep or front of the tarsus.


ACROTELEUTIC Ac`ro*te*leutic, n. Etym: [Gr. (Eccles.) Defn: The end of a verse or psalm, or something added thereto, to be sung by the people, by way of a response.


ACROTER Acro*ter, n. Etym: [F. acrot?re. See Acroterium.] (Arch.) Defn: Same as Acroterium.


ACROTERIAL Ac`ro*teri*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to an acroterium; as, ornaments. P. Cyc.


ACROTERIUM Ac`ro*te`ri*um, n.; pl. Acrotplwia. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Arch.) (a) One of the small pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on the apex and at the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are also sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic architecture. J. H. Parker. (b) One of the pedestals, for vases or statues, forming a part roof balustrade.

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