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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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ABDITIVE

ABDITIVE Abdi*tive, a. Etym: [L. abditivus, fr. abdere to hide.] Defn: Having the quality of hiding. [R.] Bailey.

ABDITORY

ABDITORY Abdi*to*ry, n. Etym: [L. abditorium.] Defn: A place for hiding or preserving articles of value. Cowell.

ABDOMEN

ABDOMEN Ab*domen, n. Etym: [L. abdomen (a word of uncertain etymol.): cf. F. abdomen.] 1. (Anat.) Defn: The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In man, often restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.

ABDOMINAL

ABDOMINAL Ab*domi*nal, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abdominal.] 1. Of or pertaining to the abdomen; ventral; as, the abdominal regions, muscles, cavity. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having abdominal fins; belonging to the Abdominales; as, abdominal fishes. Abdominal ring (Anat.), a fancied ringlike opening on each side of the abdomen, external and superior to the pubes; -- called also inguinal ring.

ABDOMINAL

ABDOMINAL Ab*domi*nal, n.; E. pl. Abdominals, L. pl. Abdominales. Defn: A fish of the group Abdominales.

ABDOMINALES

ABDOMINALES Ab*dom`i*nales, n. pl. Etym: [NL., masc. pl.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A group including the greater part of fresh-water fishes, and many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind the pectorals.

ABDOMINALIA

ABDOMINALIA Ab*dom`i*nali*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., neut. pl.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of cirripeds having abdominal appendages.

ABDOMINOSCOPY

ABDOMINOSCOPY Ab*dom`i*nosco*py, n. Etym: [L. abdomen + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Examination of the abdomen to detect abdominal disease.

ABDOMINOTHORACIC

ABDOMINOTHORACIC Ab*dom`i*no*tho*racic, a. Defn: Relating to the abdomen and the thorax, or chest.

ABDOMINOUS

ABDOMINOUS Ab*domi*nous, a. Defn: Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied. Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan, Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan. Cowper.

ABDUCE

ABDUCE Ab*duce, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abduced; p.pr. & vb.n. Abducing.] Etym: [L. abducere to lead away; ab + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf. Abduct.] Defn: To draw or conduct away; to withdraw; to draw to a different part. [Obs.] If we abduce the eye unto either corner, the object will not duplicate. Sir T. Browne.

ABDUCT

ABDUCT Ab*duct, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abducted; p.pr. & vb.n. Abducting.] Etym: [L. abductus, p.p. of abducere. See Abduce.] 1. To take away surreptitiously by force; to carry away (a human being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap. 2. To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary position.

ABDUCTION

ABDUCTION Ab*duction, n. Etym: [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.] 1. The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying away. Roget. 2. (Physiol.) Defn: The movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle line, of the body. 3. (Law) Defn: The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the abduction of an heiress. 4. (Logic) Defn: A syllogism or form of argument in which the major is evident, but the minor is only probable.

ABDUCTOR

ABDUCTOR Ab*ductor, n. Etym: [NL.] 1. One who abducts. 2. (Anat.) Defn: A muscle which serves to draw a part out, or form the median line of the body; as, the abductor oculi, which draws the eye outward.

ABEAM

ABEAM A*beam, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + beam.] (Naut.) Defn: On the beam, that is, on a line which forms a right angle with the ship's keel; opposite to the center of the ship's side.

ABEAR

ABEAR A*bear, v.t. Etym: [AS. aberan; pref. a- + beran to bear.] 1. To bear; to behave. [Obs.] So did the faery knight himself abear. Spenser. 2. To put up with; to endure. [Prov.] Dickens.

ABEARANCE

ABEARANCE A*bearance, n. Defn: Behavior. [Obs.] Blackstone.

ABEARING

ABEARING A*bearing, n. Defn: Behavior. [Obs.] Sir. T. More.

ABECEDARIAN

ABECEDARIAN A`be*ce*dari*an, n. Etym: [L. abecedarius. A word from the first four letters of the alphabet.] 1. One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro. 2. One engaged in teaching the alphabet. Wood.

ABECEDARIAN; ABECEDARY

ABECEDARIAN; ABECEDARY A`be*ce*dari*an, A`be*ceda*ry, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or formed by, the letters of the alphabet; alphabetic; hence, rudimentary. Abecedarian psalms, hymns, etc., compositions in which (like the 119th psalm in Hebrew) distinct portions or verses commence with successive letters of the alphabet. Hook.

ABECEDARY

ABECEDARY A`be*ceda*ry, n. Defn: A primer; the first principle or rudiment of anything. [R.] Fuller.

ABED

ABED A*bed, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- in, on + bed.] 1. In bed, or on the bed. Not to be abed after midnight. Shak. 2. To childbed (in the phrase brought abed, that is, delivered of a child). Shak.

ABEGGE

ABEGGE A*begge. Defn: Same as Aby. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABELE

ABELE A*bele, n. Etym: [D. abeel (abeel-boom), OF. abel, aubel, fr. a dim. of L. albus white.] Defn: The white polar (Populus alba). Six abeles i' the churchyard grow. Mrs. Browning.

ABELIAN; ABELITE

ABELIAN; ABELITE; ABELONIAN A*beli*an, Abel*ite, A`bel*oni*an, n. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of a sect in Africa (4th century), mentioned by St. Augustine, who states that they married, but lived in continence, after the manner, as they pretended, of Abel.

ABELMOSK

ABELMOSK Abel*mosk`, n. Etym: [NL. abelmoschus, fr. Ar. abu-l-misk father of musk, i.e., producing musk. See Musk.] (Bot.) Defn: An evergreen shrub (Hibiscus -- formerly Abelmoschus- moschatus), of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose musky seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; -- sometimes called musk mallow.

ABER-DE

ABER-DE-VINE Ab`er-de-vine, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The European siskin (Carduelis spinus), a small green and yellow finch, related to the goldfinch.

ABERR

ABERR Ab*err, v.i. Etym: [L. aberrare. See Aberrate.] Defn: To wander; to stray. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

ABERRANCE; ABERRANCY

ABERRANCE; ABERRANCY Ab*errance, Ab*erran*cy, n. Defn: State of being aberrant; a wandering from the right way; deviation from truth, rectitude, etc. Aberrancy of curvature (Geom.), the deviation of a curve from a circular form.

ABERRANT

ABERRANT Ab*errant, a. Etym: [L. aberrans, -rantis, p.pr. of aberrare.] Defn: See Aberr.] 1. Wandering; straying from the right way. 2. (Biol.) Defn: Deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional; abnormal. The more aberrant any form is, the greater must have been the number of connecting forms which, on my theory, have been exterminated. Darwin.

ABERRATE

ABERRATE Aber*rate, v.i. Etym: [L. aberratus, p.pr. of aberrare; ab + errare to wander. See Err.] Defn: To go astray; to diverge. [R.] Their own defective and aberrating vision. De Quincey.

ABERRATION

ABERRATION Ab`er*ration, n. Etym: [L. aberratio: cf. F. aberration. See Aberrate.] 1. The act of wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral rectitude, from the natural state, or from a type. The aberration of youth. Hall. Aberrations from theory. Burke. 2. A partial alienation of reason. Occasional aberrations of intellect. Lingard. Whims, which at first are the aberrations of a single brain, pass with heat into epidemic form. I. Taylor. 3. (Astron.) Defn: A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer; called annual aberration, when the observer's motion is that of the earth in its orbit, and dairy or diurnal aberration, when of the earth on its axis; amounting when greatest, in the former case, to 20.4'', and in the latter, to 0.3''. Planetary aberration is that due to the motion of light and the motion of the planet relative to the earth. 4. (Opt.) Defn: The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus. 5. (Physiol.) Defn: The passage of blood or other fluid into parts not appropriate for it. 6. (Law) Defn: The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an instrument, as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B. Syn. -- Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; alienation; mania; dementia; hallucination; illusion; delusion. See Insanity.

ABERRATIONAL

ABERRATIONAL Ab`er*ration*al, a. Defn: Characterized by aberration.

ABERUNCATE

ABERUNCATE Ab`e*runcate, v.t. Etym: [L. aberuncare, for aberruncare. See Averruncate.] Defn: To weed out. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABERUNCATOR

ABERUNCATOR Ab`e*runca*tor, n. Defn: A weeding machine.

ABET

ABET A*bet, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abetted; p.pr. & vb.n. Abetting.] Etym: [OF. abeter; a (L. ad) + beter to bait (as a bear), fr. Icel. beita to set dogs on, to feed, originally, to cause to bite, fr. Icel. bita to bite, hence to bait, to incite. See Bait, Bet.] 1. To instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; -- used in a bad sense of persons and acts; as, to abet an ill-doer; to abet one in his wicked courses; to abet vice; to abet an insurrection. The whole tribe abets the villany. South. Would not the fool abet the stealth, Who rashly thus exposed his wealth Gay. 2. To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; -- in a good sense. [Obs.]. Our duty is urged, and our confidence abetted. Jer. Taylor. 3. (Law) Defn: To contribute, as an assistant or instigator, to the commission of an offense. Syn. -- To incite; instigate; set on; egg on; foment; advocate; countenance; encourage; second; uphold; aid; assist; support; sustain; back; connive at.

ABET

ABET A*bet, n. Etym: [OF. abet, fr. abeter.] Defn: Act of abetting; aid. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABETMENT

ABETMENT A*betment, n. Defn: The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason, crime, etc.

ABETTAL

ABETTAL A*bettal, n. Defn: Abetment. [R.]

ABETTER; ABETTOR

ABETTER; ABETTOR A*better, A*bet*tor, n. Defn: One who abets; an instigator of an offense or an offender. Note: The form abettor is the legal term and also in general use. Syn. -- Abettor, Accessory, Accomplice. These words denote different degrees of complicity in some deed or crime. An abettor is one who incites or encourages to the act, without sharing in its performance. An accessory supposes a principal offender. One who is neither the chief actor in an offense, nor present at its performance, but accedes to or becomes involved in its guilt, either by some previous or subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or concealing, etc., is an accessory. An accomplice is one who participates in the commission of an offense, whether as principal or accessory. Thus in treason, there are no abettors or accessories, but all are held to be principals or accomplices.

ABEVACUATION

ABEVACUATION Ab`e*vacu*ation, n. Etym: [Pref. ab- + evacuation.] (Med.) Defn: A partial evacuation. Mayne.

ABEYANCE

ABEYANCE A*beyance, n. Etym: [OF. abeance expectation, longing; a (L. ad) + baer, beer, to gape, to look with open mouth, to expect, F. bayer,

ABEYANCY

ABEYANCY A*beyan*cy, n. Defn: Abeyance. [R.] Hawthorne.

ABEYANT

ABEYANT A*beyant, a. Defn: Being in a state of abeyance.

ABGEORDNETENHAUS

ABGEORDNETENHAUS Abge*ord`ne*ten*haus`, n. [G.] Defn: See Legislature, Austria, Prussia.

ABHAL

ABHAL Abhal, n. Defn: The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.

ABHOMINABLE

ABHOMINABLE Ab*homi*na*ble, a. Defn: Abominable. Note: [A false orthography anciently used; h was foisted into various words; hence abholish, for abolish, etc.] This is abhominable, which he [Don Armado] would call abominable. Shak. Love's Labor's Lost, v. 1.

ABHOMINAL

ABHOMINAL Ab*hom`i*nal, a. Etym: [L. ab away from + homo, hominis, man.] Defn: Inhuman. [Obs.] Fuller.

ABHOR

ABHOR Ab*hor, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abhorred; p. pr. & vb. n. Abhorring.] Etym: [L. abhorrere; ab + horrere to bristle, shiver, shudder: cf. F. abhorrer. See Horrid.] 1. To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to extremity; to loathe. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Rom. xii. 9. 2. To fill with horror or disgust. [Obs.] It doth abhor me now I speak the word. Shak. 3. (Canon Law) Defn: To protest against; to reject solemnly. [Obs.] I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul Refuse you for my judge. Shak. Syn. -- To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate.

ABHOR

ABHOR Ab*hor, v. i. Defn: To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; -- with from. [Obs.] To abhor from those vices. Udall. Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law. Milton.

ABHORRENCE

ABHORRENCE Ab*horrence, n. Defn: Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.

ABHORRENCY

ABHORRENCY Ab*horren*cy, n. Defn: Abhorrence. [Obs.] Locke.

ABHORRENT

ABHORRENT Ab*horrent, a. Etym: [L. abhorens, -rentis, p. pr. of abhorrere.] 1. Abhorring; detesting; having or showing abhorrence; loathing; hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts. The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason. Burke. The arts of pleasure in despotic courts I spurn abhorrent. Clover. 2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; -- followed by to. Injudicious profanation, so abhorrent to our stricter principles. Gibbon. 3. Detestable. Pride, abhorrent as it is. I. Taylor.

ABHORRENTLY

ABHORRENTLY Ab*horrent*ly, adv. Defn: With abhorrence.

ABHORRER

ABHORRER Ab*horrer, n. Defn: One who abhors. Hume.

ABHORRIBLE

ABHORRIBLE Ab*horri*ble, a. Defn: Detestable. [R.]

ABHORRING

ABHORRING Ab*horring, n. 1. Detestation. Milton. 2. Object of abhorrence. Isa. lxvi. 24.

ABIB

ABIB Abib, n. Etym: [Heb. abib, lit. an ear of corn. The month was so called from barley being at that time in ear.] Defn: The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan. Kitto.

ABIDANCE

ABIDANCE A*bidance, n. Defn: The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with). The Christians had no longer abidance in the holy hill of Palestine. Fuller. A judicious abidance by rules. Helps.

ABIDE

ABIDE A*bide, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abode, formerly Abid(#); p. pr. & vb. n. Abiding.] Etym: [AS. abidan; pref. a- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig. meaning out) + bidan to bide. See Bide.] 1. To wait; to pause; to delay. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place. Let the damsel abide with us a few days. Gen. xxiv. 55. 3. To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue; to remain. Let every man abide in the same calling. 1 Cor. vii. 20. Followed by by: To abide by. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to maintain. The poor fellow was obstinate enough to abide by what he said at first. Fielding. (b) To acquiesce; to conform to; as, to abide by a decision or an award.

ABIDE

ABIDE A*bide, v. t. 1. To wait for; to be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I abide my time. I will abide the coming of my lord. Tennyson. Note: [[Obs.], with a personal object. Bonds and afflictions abide me. Acts xx. 23. 2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to. [Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it. Tennyson. 3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with. She could not abide Master Shallow. Shak. 4. Note: [Confused with aby to pay for. See Aby.] Defn: To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for. Dearly I abide that boast so vain. Milton.

ABIDER

ABIDER A*bider, n. 1. One who abides, or continues. [Obs.] Speedy goers and strong abiders. Sidney. 2. One who dwells; a resident. Speed.

ABIDING

ABIDING A*biding, a. Defn: Continuing; lasting.

ABIDINGLY

ABIDINGLY A*biding*ly, adv. Defn: Permanently. Carlyle.

ABIES

ABIES Abi*es, n. Etym: [L., fir tree.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to this genus.

ABIETENE

ABIETENE Abi*e*tene, n. Etym: [L. abies, abietis, a fir tree.] Defn: A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.

ABIETIC

ABIETIC Ab`i*etic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products; as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid. Watts.

ABIETIN; ABIETINE

ABIETIN; ABIETINE Abi*e*tin, Abi*e*tine, n. Etym: [See Abietene.] (Chem.) Defn: A resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada balsam. It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in strong acetic acid, and in ether. Watts.

ABIETINIC

ABIETINIC Ab`i*e*tinic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.

ABIETITE

ABIETITE Abi*e*tite, n. (Chem.) Defn: A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata). Eng. Cyc.

ABIGAIL

ABIGAIL Abi*gail, n. Etym: [The proper name used as an appellative.] Defn: A lady's waiting-maid. Pepys. Her abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night curls for sleeping in. Leslie.

ABILIMENT

ABILIMENT A*bili*ment, n. Defn: Habiliment. [Obs.]

ABILITY

ABILITY A*bili*ty, n.; pl. Abilities(#). Etym: [F. habilet?, earlier spelling habilit? (with silent h), L. habilitas aptitude, ability, fr. habilis apt. See Able.] Defn: The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent. Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren. Acts xi. 29. Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study. Bacon. The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ability. Macaulay. Syn. -- Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability; efficiency; aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill. Ability, Capacity. These words come into comparison when applied to the higher intellectual powers. Ability has reference to the active exercise of our faculties. It implies not only native vigor of mind, but that ease and promptitude of execution which arise from mental training. Thus, we speak of the ability with which a book is written, an argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It always something to be done, and the power of doing it. Capacity has reference to the receptive powers. In its higher exercises it supposes great quickness of apprehension and breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude for acquiring and retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it the idea of resources and undeveloped power. Thus we speak of the extraordinary capacity of such men as Lord Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. Capacity, says H. Taylor, is requisite to devise, and ability to execute, a great enterprise. The word abilities, in the plural, embraces both these qualities, and denotes high mental endowments.

ABIME; ABYME

ABIME; ABYME A*bime or A*byme, n. Etym: [F. ab?me. See Abysm.] Defn: A abyss. [Obs.]

ABIOGENESIS

ABIOGENESIS Ab`i*o*gene*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; -- called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis. I shall call the . . . doctrine that living matter may be produced by not living matter, the hypothesis of abiogenesis. Huxley, 1870.

ABIOGENETIC

ABIOGENETIC Ab`i*o*ge*netic, a. (Biol.) Defn: Of or pertaining to abiogenesis. Ab`i*o*ge*netic*al*ly, adv.

ABIOGENIST

ABIOGENIST Ab`i*oge*nist, n. (Biol.) Defn: One who believes that life can be produced independently of antecedent. Huxley.

ABIOGENOUS

ABIOGENOUS Ab`i*oge*nous, a. (Biol.) Defn: Produced by spontaneous generation.

ABIOGENY

ABIOGENY Ab`i*oge*ny, n. (Biol.) Defn: Same as Abiogenesis.

ABIOLOGICAL

ABIOLOGICAL Ab`i*o*logic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. biological.] Defn: Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.

ABIRRITANT

ABIRRITANT Ab*irri*tant, n. (Med.) Defn: A medicine that diminishes irritation.

ABIRRITATE

ABIRRITATE Ab*irri*tate, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ab- + irritate.] (Med.) Defn: To diminish the sensibility of; to debilitate.

ABIRRITATION

ABIRRITATION Ab*ir`ri*tation, n. (Med.) Defn: A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation; debility; want of strength; asthenia.

ABIRRITATIVE

ABIRRITATIVE Ab*irri*ta*tive, a. (Med.) Defn: Characterized by abirritation or debility.

ABIT

ABIT A*bit, Defn: 3d sing. pres. of Abide. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABJECT

ABJECT Abject, a. Etym: [L. abjectus, p. p. of abjicere to throw away; ab + jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] 1. Cast down; low-lying. [Obs.] From the safe shore their floating carcasses And broken chariot wheels; so thick bestrown Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood. Milton. 2. Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune, thoughts. Base and abject flatterers. Addison. An abject liar. Macaulay. And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams. Shak. Syn. -- Mean; groveling; cringing; mean-spirited; slavish; ignoble; worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.

ABJECT

ABJECT Ab*ject, v. t. Etym: [From Abject, a.] Defn: To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. [Obs.] Donne.

ABJECT

ABJECT Abject, n. Defn: A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway. [Obs.] Shall these abjects, these victims, these outcasts, know any thing of pleasure I. Taylor.

ABJECTEDNESS

ABJECTEDNESS Ab*jected*ness, n. Defn: A very abject or low condition; abjectness. [R.] Boyle.

ABJECTION

ABJECTION Ab*jection, n. Etym: [F. abjection, L. abjectio.] 1. The act of bringing down or humbling. The abjection of the king and his realm. Joe. 2. The state of being rejected or cast out. [R.] An adjection from the beatific regions where God, and his angels and saints, dwell forever. Jer. Taylor. 3. A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement; degradation. That this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, or servility, is it credible Hooker.

ABJECTLY

ABJECTLY Abject*ly, adv. Defn: Meanly; servilely.

ABJECTNESS

ABJECTNESS Abject*ness, n. Defn: The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility. Grew.

ABJUDGE

ABJUDGE Ab*judge, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ab- + judge, v. Cf. Abjudicate.] Defn: To take away by judicial decision. [R.]

ABJUDICATE

ABJUDICATE Ab*judi*cate, v. t. Etym: [L. abjudicatus, p. p. of abjudicare; ab + judicare. See Judge, and cf. Abjudge.] Defn: To reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge. [Obs.] Ash.

ABJUDICATION

ABJUDICATION Ab*ju`di*cation, n. Defn: Rejection by judicial sentence. [R.] Knowles.

ABJUGATE

ABJUGATE Abju*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. abjugatus, p. p. of abjugare.] Defn: To unyoke. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABJUNCTIVE

ABJUNCTIVE Ab*junctive, a. Etym: [L. abjunctus, p. p. of abjungere; ab + jungere to join.] Defn: Exceptional. [R.] It is this power which leads on from the accidental and abjunctive to the universal. I. Taylor.

ABJURATION

ABJURATION Ab`ju*ration, n. Etym: [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.] 1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return. 2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy. Oath of abjuration, an oath asserting the right of the present royal family to the crown of England, and expressly abjuring allegiance to the descendants of the Pretender. Brande & C.

ABJURATORY

ABJURATORY Ab*jura*to*ry, a. Defn: Containing abjuration.

ABJURE

ABJURE Ab*jure, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abjured; p. pr. & vb. n. Abjuring.] Etym: [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab + jurare to swear, fr. jus, juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer. See Jury.] 1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm, is to swear to abandon it forever. 2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors. Magic I here abjure. Shak. Syn. -- See Renounce.

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