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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ZABAISM; ZABISM

ZABAISM; ZABISM Zaba*ism, Zabism, n. Defn: See Sabianism.

ZABIAN

ZABIAN Zabi*an, a. & n. Defn: See Sabian.

ZACCO

ZACCO Zacco, n. (Arch.) Defn: See Zocco.

ZACHUN

ZACHUN Za*chun, n. (Bot.) Defn: An oil pressed by the Arabs from the fruit of a small thorny tree (Balanites ?gyptiaca), and sold to piligrims for a healing ointment. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

ZAERTHE

ZAERTHE Zaerthe, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: Same as Z?rthe.

ZAFFER

ZAFFER Zaffer, n. Etym: [F. zafre, safre; cf. Sp. zafra, safra, It. saffera, G. zaffer; all probably of Arabic origin. Cf. Zaphara.] Defn: A pigment obtained, usually by roasting cobalt glance with sand or quartz, as a dark earthy powder. It consists of crude cobalt oxide, or of an impure cobalt arseniate. It is used in porcelain painting, and in enameling pottery, to produce a blue color, and is often confounded with smalt, from which, however, it is distinct, as it contains no potash. The name is often loosely applied to mixtures of zaffer proper with silica, or oxides of iron, manganese, etc. [Written also zaffre, and formerly zaffree, zaffar, zaffir.]

ZAIM

ZAIM Zaim, n. Etym: [Turk. & Ar. za'im.] Defn: A Turkish chief who supports a mounted militia bearing the same name. Smart.

ZAIMET

ZAIMET Zaimet, n. Etym: [Turk. & Ar. za'imet.] Defn: A district from which a Zaim draws his revenue. Smart.

ZAIN

ZAIN Zain, n. Defn: A horse of a dark color, neither gray nor white, and having no spots. Smart.

ZALAMBDODONT

ZALAMBDODONT Za*lambdo*dont, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to a tribe (Zalambdodonta) of Insectivora in which the molar teeth have but one V-shaped ridge.

ZALAMBDODONT

ZALAMBDODONT Za*lambdo*dont, n. Defn: One of the Zalambdodonta. The tenrec, solenodon, and golden moles are examples.

ZAMANG

ZAMANG Za*mang, n. (Bot.) Defn: An immense leguminous tree (Pithecolobium Saman) of Venezuela. Its branches form a hemispherical mass, often one hundred and eighty feet across. The sweet pulpy pods are used commonly for feeding cattle. Also called rain tree. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

ZAMBO

ZAMBO Zambo, n.; pl. Zambos. Etym: [See Sambo.] Defn: The child of a mulatto and a negro; also, the child of an Indian and a negro; colloquially or humorously, a negro; a sambo.

ZAMIA

ZAMIA Zami*a, n. Etym: [L. zamia a kind of fir cone, from Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of cycadaceous plants, having the appearance of low palms, but with exogenous wood. See Coontie, and Illust. of Strobile.

ZAMINDAR

ZAMINDAR Zam`in*dar, n. Etym: [Hind. zemindar, zamindar, a landholder, Per. zamindar; zamin land dar holding.] Defn: A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue; now, usually, a kind of feudatory recognized as an actual proprietor so long as he pays to the government a certain fixed revenue. [Written also zemindar.] [India]

ZAMINDARY; ZAMINDARI

ZAMINDARY; ZAMINDARI Zamin*da*ry, Zamin*da*ri, n. Defn: The jurisdiction of a zamindar; the land possessed by a zamindar. [Written also zemindary, zemindari.]

ZAMITE

ZAMITE Zamite, n. (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil cycad of the genus Zamia.

ZAMOUSE

ZAMOUSE Za*mouse, n. Etym: [From a native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A West African buffalo (Bubalus brachyceros) having short horns depressed at the base, and large ears fringed internally with three rows of long hairs. It is destitute of a dewlap. Called also short- horned buffalo, and bush cow.

ZAMPOGNA

ZAMPOGNA Zam*pogna, n. Etym: [It.] (Mus.) Defn: A sort of bagpipe formerly in use among Italian peasants. It is now almost obsolete. [Written also zampugna.]

ZANDER

ZANDER Zander, n. Etym: [Cf. D. zand sand.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A European pike perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) allied to the wall-eye; -- called also sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.

ZANDMOLE

ZANDMOLE Zandmole`, n. Etym: [Cf. D. zand sand. See Sand, and Mole the animal.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The sand mole.

ZANTE

ZANTE Zante, n. (Bot.) Defn: See Zantewood.

ZANTE CURRANT

ZANTE CURRANT Zante currant. Defn: A kind of seedless grape or raisin; -- so called from Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.

ZANTEWOOD

ZANTEWOOD Zante*wood`, n. (Bot.) (a) A yellow dyewood; fustet; -- called also zante, and zante fustic. See Fustet, and the Note under Fustic. (b) Satinwood (Chloroxylon Swietenia).

ZANTIOT

ZANTIOT Zanti*ot, n. Defn: A native or inhabitant of Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.

ZANY

ZANY Zany, n.; pl. Zanies. Etym: [It. zanni a buffoon, merry-andrew, orig. same as Giovanni John, i. e., merry John, L. Ioannes, Gr. Yokhanan, prop., the Lord graciously gave: cf. F. zani, fr. the Italian. Cf. Jenneting.] Defn: A merry-andrew; a buffoon. Then write that I may follow, and so be Thy echo, thy debtor, thy foil, thy zany. Donne. Preacher at once, and zany of thy age. Pope.

ZANY

ZANY Zany, v. t. Defn: To mimic. [Obs.] Your part is acted; give me leave at distance To zany it. Massinger.

ZANYISM

ZANYISM Zany*ism, n. Defn: State or character of a zany; buffoonery. Coleridge. H. Morley.

ZAPAS

ZAPAS Za*pas, n. [Russ.] Defn: See Army organization, above.

ZAPATERA

ZAPATERA Za`pa*tera, n. [Sp. aceituna zapatera.] (Olive trade) Defn: A cured olive which has spoiled or is on the verge of decomposition; loosely, an olive defective because of bruises, wormholes, or the like.

ZAPHARA

ZAPHARA Zapha*ra, n. Defn: Zaffer.

ZAPHRENTIS

ZAPHRENTIS Za*phrentis, n. Etym: [NL.] (Paleon.) Defn: An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the cup.

ZAPOTILLA

ZAPOTILLA Zap`o*tilla, n. (Bot.) Defn: See Sapodilla.

ZAPTIAH

ZAPTIAH Zapti*ah, n. Defn: A Turkish policeman. [Written also zaptieh.]

ZARATHUSTRIAN; ZARATHUSTRIC

ZARATHUSTRIAN; ZARATHUSTRIC Zar`a*thustri*an, Zar`a*thustric, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Zarathustra, or Zoroaster; Zoroastrian. Tylor.

ZARATHUSTRISM

ZARATHUSTRISM Zar`a*thustrism, n. Defn: See Zoroastrianism.

ZARATITE

ZARATITE Zara*tite, n. (Min.) Etym: [Named after Gen. Zarata of Spain.] Defn: A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.

ZAREBA

ZAREBA Za*reba, n. (Mil.) Defn: An improvised stockade; especially, one made of thorn bushes, etc. [Written also zareeba, and zeriba.] [Egypt] Ah, he moralizes, what wonderful instinct on the part of this little creature to surround itself with a zareba like the troops after Osman Digma. R. Jefferies.

ZARF

ZARF Zarf, n. [Ar.] (Art) Defn: A metallic cuplike stand used for holding a finjan.

ZARNICH

ZARNICH Zarnich, n. Etym: [F., fr. Ar. az-zernikh, fr. Gr. Arsenic.] (Min.) Defn: Native sulphide of arsenic, including sandarach, or realgar, and orpiment.

ZARTHE; ZAERTHE

ZARTHE; ZAERTHE Z?rthe, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A European bream (Abramis vimba). [Written also zaerthe.]

ZASTRUGI

ZASTRUGI Zas*trugi, n. pl.; sing. -ga (#). [Russ. zastruga furrow made on the shore by water.] Defn: Grooves or furrows formed in snow by the action of the wind, and running parallel with the direction of the wind. This formation results from the erosion of transverse waves previously formed.

ZATI

ZATI Zati, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A species of macaque (Macacus pileatus) native of India and Ceylon. It has a crown of long erect hair, and tuft of radiating hairs on the back of the head. Called also capped macaque.

ZAUSCHNERIA

ZAUSCHNERIA Zau*schneri*a, n. Etym: [NL., named for M. Zauschner, a Bohemian botanist.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of flowering plants. Zauschneria Californica is a suffrutescent perennial, with showy red flowers much resembling those of the garden fuchsia.

ZAX

ZAX Zax, n. Defn: A tool for trimming and puncturing roofing states. [Written also sax.]

ZAYAT

ZAYAT Zayat, n. Defn: A public shed, or portico, for travelers, worshipers, etc. [Burmah]

ZEA

ZEA Zea, n. Etym: [L., a kind of grain, fr. Gr. yava barley.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of large grasses of which the Indian corn (Zea Mays) is the only species known. Its origin is not yet ascertained. See Maize.

ZEAL

ZEAL Zeal, n. Etym: [F. z?le; cf. Pg. & It. zelo, Sp. zelo, celo; from L. zelus, Gr. Yeast, Jealous.] 1. Passionate ardor in the pursuit of anything; eagerness in favor of a person or cause; ardent and active interest; engagedness; enthusiasm; fervor. Ambition varnished o'er with zeal. Milton. Zeal, the blind conductor of the will. Dryden. Zeal's never-dying fire. Keble. I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. Rom. x. 2. A zeal for liberty is sometimes an eagerness to subvert with little care what shall be established. Johnson. 2. A zealot. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

ZEAL

ZEAL Zeal, v. i. Defn: To be zealous. [Obs. & R.] Bacon.

ZEALANT

ZEALANT Zealant, n. Defn: One who is zealous; a zealot; an enthusiast. [Obs.] To certain zealants, all speech of pacification is odious. Bacon.

ZEALED

ZEALED Zealed, a. Defn: Full of zeal; characterized by zeal. [Obs.] Zealed religion. Beau. & Fl.

ZEALFUL

ZEALFUL Zealful, a. Defn: Full of zeal. [R.] Sylvester.

ZEALLESS

ZEALLESS Zealless, a. Defn: Wanting zeal. Hammond.

ZEALOT

ZEALOT Zealot, n. Etym: [F. z?lote, L. zelotes, Gr. Zeal.] Defn: One who is zealous; one who engages warmly in any cause, and pursues his object with earnestness and ardor; especially, one who is overzealous, or carried away by his zeal; one absorbed in devotion to anything; an enthusiast; a fanatical partisan. Zealots for the one [tradition] were in hostile array against zealots for the other. Sir J. Stephen. In Ayrshire, Clydesdale, Nithisdale, Annandale, every parish was visited by these turbulent zealots. Macaulay.

ZEALOTICAL

ZEALOTICAL Zea*lotic*al, a. Defn: Like, or suitable to, a zealot; ardently zealous. [R.] Strype.

ZEALOTISM

ZEALOTISM Zealot*ism, n. Defn: The character or conduct of a zealot; zealotry.

ZEALOTIST

ZEALOTIST Zealot*ist, n. Defn: A zealot. [Obs.] Howell.

ZEALOTRY

ZEALOTRY Zealot*ry, n. Defn: The character and behavior of a zealot; excess of zeal; fanatical devotion to a cause. Enthusiasm, visionariness, seems the tendency of the German; zeal, zealotry, of the English; fanaticism, of the French. Coleridge.

ZEALOUS

ZEALOUS Zealous, a. Etym: [LL. zelosus. See Zeal.] 1. Filled with, or characterized by, zeal; warmly engaged, or ardent, in behalf of an object. He may be zealous in the salvation of souls. Law. 2. Filled with religious zeal. [Obs.] Shak. -- Zealous*ly, adv. -- Zealous*ness, n.

ZEBEC

ZEBEC Zebec, n. (Naut.) Defn: See Xebec.

ZEBRA

ZEBRA Zebra, n. Etym: [Pg. zebra; cf. Sp. cebra; probably from a native African name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Either one of two species of South African wild horses remarkable for having the body white or yellowish white, and conspicuously marked with dark brown or brackish bands. Note: The true or mountain zebra (Equus, or Asinus, zebra) is nearly white, and the bands which cover the body and legs are glossy black. Its tail has a tuft of black hair at the tip. It inhabits the mountains of Central and Southern Africa, and is noted for its wariness and wildness, as well as for its swiftness. The second species (Equus, or Asinus, Burchellii), known as Burchell's zebra, and dauw, inhabits the grassy plains of South Africa, and differs from the preceding in not having dark bands on the legs, while those on the body are more irregular. It has a long tail, covered with long white flowing hair. Zebra caterpillar, the larva of an American noctuid moth (Mamestra picta). It is light yellow, with a broad black stripe on the back and one on each side; the lateral stripes are crossed with withe lines. It feeds on cabbages, beets, clover, and other cultivated plants. -- Zebra opossum, the zebra wolf. See under Wolf. -- Zebra parrakeet, an Australian grass parrakeet, often kept as a cage bird. Its upper parts are mostly pale greenish yellow, transversely barred with brownish black crescents; the under parts, rump, and upper tail coverts, are bright green; two central tail feathers and the cheek patches are blue. Called also canary parrot, scallop parrot, shell parrot, and undulated parrot. -- Zebra poison (Bot.), a poisonous tree (Euphorbia arborea) of the Spurge family, found in South Africa. Its milky juice is so poisonous that zebras have been killed by drinking water in which its branches had been placed, and it is also used as an arrow poison. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants). -- Zebra shark. Same as Tiger shark, under Tiger. -- Zebra spider, a hunting spider. -- Zebra swallowtail, a very large North American swallow-tailed butterfly (Iphiclides ajax), in which the wings are yellow, barred with black; -- called also ajax. -- Zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

ZEBRAWOOD

ZEBRAWOOD Zebra*wood`, n. (a) A kind of cabinet wood having beautiful black, brown, and whitish stripes, the timber of a tropical American tree (Connarus Guianensis). (b) The wood of a small West Indian myrtaceous tree (Eugenia fragrans). (c) The wood of an East Indian tree of the genus Guettarda.

ZEBRINE

ZEBRINE Zebrine, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, the zebra.

ZEBRINNY

ZEBRINNY Ze*brinny, n.; pl. -nies. Defn: A cross between a male horse and a female zebra.

ZEBRULA; ZEBRULE

ZEBRULA; ZEBRULE Zebru*la, Zebrule, n. Defn: A cross between a male zebra and a female horse.

ZEBU

ZEBU Zebu, n. [z?bu; of uncertain origin.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A bovine mammal (Ros Indicus) extensively domesticated in India, China, the East Indies, and East Africa. It usually has short horns, large pendulous ears, slender legs, a large dewlap, and a large, prominent hump over the shoulders; but these characters vary in different domestic breeds, which range in size from that of the common ox to that of a large mastiff. Note: Some of the varieties are used as beasts of burden, and some fore for riding, while others are raised for their milk and flesh. The Brahmin bull, regarded as sacred by the Hindoos, also belongs to this species. The male is called also Indian bull, Indian ox, Madras ox, and sacred bull.

ZEBUB

ZEBUB Zebub, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large noxious fly of Abyssinia, which like the tsetse fly, is destructive to cattle.

ZECHIN

ZECHIN Zechin, n. Defn: See Sequin.

ZECHSTEIN

ZECHSTEIN Zechstein`, n. Etym: [Gr., fr. zeche a mine + stein a stone.] (Geol.) Defn: The upper division of the Permian (Dyas) of Europe. The prevailing rock is a magnesian limestone.

ZED

ZED Zed, n. Etym: [F., probably through It. zeta, fr. L. zeta. See Zeta.] Defn: The letter Z; -- called also zee, and formerly izzard. Zed, thou unnecessary letter! Shak.

ZEDOARY

ZEDOARY Zedo*a*ry, n. Etym: [F. z?doaire, LL. zedoaria; cf. It. zedoaria, zettovario, Pg. zedoaria, Sp. zedoaria, cedoaria; all fr. Ar. & Per. zedw.] (Med.) Defn: A medicinal substance obtained in the East Indian, having a fragrant smell, and a warm, bitter, aromatic taste. It is used in medicine as a stimulant. Note: It is the rhizome of different species of Curcuma, esp. C. zedoaria, and comes in short, firm pieces, externally of a wrinkled gray, ash-colored appearance, but within of a brownish red color. There are two kinds, round zedoary, and long zedoary.

ZEEKOE

ZEEKOE Zeekoe, n. Etym: [D., sea cow, lake cow.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A hippopotamus.

ZEEMAN EFFECT

ZEEMAN EFFECT Zeeman ef*fect. (Physics) Defn: The widening and duplication, triplication, etc., of spectral lines when the radiations emanate in a strong magnetic field, first observed in 1896 by P. Zeeman, a Dutch physicist, and regarded as an important confirmation of the electromagnetic theory of light.

ZEHNER

ZEHNER Zehner, n. Etym: [G.] Defn: An Austrian silver coin equal to ten kreutzers, or about five cents.

ZEIN

ZEIN Zein, n. Etym: [Cf. F. z?\'8bne. See Zea.] (Chem.) Defn: A nitrogenous substance of the nature of gluten, obtained from the seeds of Indian corn (Zea) as a soft, yellowish, amorphous substance. [Formerly written zeine.]

ZEITGEIST

ZEITGEIST Zeitgeist`, n. [G.; zeit time + geist spirit. See Tide, n.; Ghost, n.] Defn: The spirit of the time; the general intellectual and moral state or temper characteristic of any period of time.

ZEMINDAR

ZEMINDAR Zem`in*dar, n. Defn: Same as Zamindar.

ZEMINDARY; ZEMINDARI

ZEMINDARY; ZEMINDARI Zemin*da*ry, Zemin*da*ri, n. Defn: Same as Zamindary.

ZEMNI

ZEMNI Zemni, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The blind mole rat (Spalax typhlus), native of Eastern Europe and Asia. Its eyes and ears are rudimentary, and its fur is soft and brownish, more or less tinged with gray. It constructs extensive burrows.

ZEMSTVO

ZEMSTVO Zemstvo, n. [Russ., fr. zemlya land.] Defn: In Russia, an elective local district and provincial administrative assembly. Originally it was composed of representatives elected by the peasantry, the householders of the towns, and the landed proprietors. In the reign of Alexander III. the power of the noble landowners was increased, the peasants allowed only to elect candidates from whom the governor of the province nominated the deputy, and all acts of the zemstvo subjected to the approval of the governor. Theoretically the zemstvo has large powers relating to taxation, education, public health, etc., but practically these powers are in most cases limited to the adjustment of the state taxation.

ZENANA

ZENANA Ze*nana, n. Etym: [Hind. zenana, zanana, fr. Per. zanana, fr. zan woman; akin to E. queen.] Defn: The part of a dwelling appropriated to women. [India]

ZEND

ZEND Zend, n. Etym: [See Zend-Avesta.] Defn: Properly, the translation and exposition in the Huzv?resh, or literary Pehlevi, language, of the Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred writings; as commonly used, the language (an ancient Persian dialect) in which the Avesta is written.

ZEND-AVESTA

ZEND-AVESTA Zend`-A*vesta, n. Etym: [Properly, the Avesta, or sacred text, and its zend, or interpretation, in a more modern and intelligible language. W. D. Whitney.] Defn: The sacred writings of the ancient Persian religion, attributed to Zoroaster, but chiefly of a later date.

ZENDIK

ZENDIK Zendik, n. Etym: [Ar. zandik.] Defn: An atheist or unbeliever; -- name given in the East to those charged with disbelief of any revealed religion, or accused of magical heresies.

ZENICK

ZENICK Zenick, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A South African burrowing mammal (Suricata tetradactyla), allied to the civets. It is grayish brown, with yellowish transverse stripes on the back. Called also suricat.

ZENIK

ZENIK Zenik, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Zenick.

ZENITH

ZENITH Zenith, n. Etym: [OE. senyth, OF. cenith, F. z?nith, Sp. zenit, cenit, abbrev. fr. Ar. samt-urras way of the head, vertical place; samt way, path + al the + ras head. Cf. Azimuth.] 1. That point in the visible celestial hemisphere which is vertical to the spectator; the point of the heavens directly overhead; -- opposed to nadir. From morn To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve, A summer's day; and with the setting sun Dropped from the zenith, like a falling star. Milton. 2. hence, figuratively, the point of culmination; the greatest height; the height of success or prosperity. I find my zenith doth depend upon A most auspicious star. Shak. This dead of midnight is the noon of thought, And wisdom mounts her zenith with the stars. Mrs. Barbauld. It was during those civil troubles . . . this aspiring family reached the zenith. Macaulay. Zenith distance. (Astron.) See under Distance. -- Zenith sector. (Astron.) See Sector, 3. -- Zenith telescope (Geodesy), a telescope specially designed for determining the latitude by means of any two stars which pass the meridian about the same time, and at nearly equal distances from the zenith, but on opposite sides of it. It turns both on a vertical and a horizontal axis, is provided with a graduated vertical semicircle, and a level for setting it to a given zenith distance, and with a micrometer for measuring the difference of the zenith distances of the two stars.

ZENITHAL

ZENITHAL Zenith*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the zenith. The deep zenithal blue. Tyndall.

ZEOLITE

ZEOLITE Zeo*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite: cf. F. z?olithe.] (Min.) Defn: A term now used to designate any one of a family of minerals, hydrous silicates of alumina, with lime, soda, potash, or rarely baryta. Here are included natrolite, stilbite, analcime, chabazite, thomsonite, heulandite, and others. These species occur of secondary origin in the cavities of amygdaloid, basalt, and lava, also, less frequently, in granite and gneiss. So called because many of these species intumesce before the blowpipe. Needle zeolite, needlestone; natrolite.

ZEOLITIC

ZEOLITIC Ze`o*litic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to a zeolite; consisting of, or resembling, a zeolite.

ZEOLITIFORM

ZEOLITIFORM Ze`o*liti*form, a. Defn: Having the form of a zeolite.

ZEPHYR

ZEPHYR Zephyr, n. Etym: [L. zephyrus, Gr. z?phyr.] Defn: The west wind; poetically, any soft, gentle breeze. Soft the zephyr blows. Gray. As gentle As zephyrs blowing below the violet. Shak. Zephyr cloth, a thin kind of cassimere made in Belgium; also, a waterproof fabric of wool. -- Zephyr shawl, a kind of thin, light, embroidered shawl made of worsted and cotton. -- Zephyr yarn, or worsted, a fine, soft kind of yarn or worsted, -- used for knitting and embroidery.

ZEPHYRUS

ZEPHYRUS Zephy*rus, n. Etym: [L. See Zephyr.] Defn: The west wind, or zephyr; -- usually personified, and made the most mild and gentle of all the sylvan deities. Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. Milton.

ZEPPELIN

ZEPPELIN Zep`pe*lin (tsep`pe*le; Angl. zeppe*lin), n. Defn: A dirigible balloon of the rigid type, consisting of a cylindrical trussed and covered frame supported by internal gas cells, and provided with means of propulsion and control. It was first successfully used by Ferdinand Count von Zeppelin.

ZEQUIN

ZEQUIN Zequin, n. Defn: See Sequin.

ZERDA

ZERDA Zerda, n. Etym: [Of African origin.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The fennec.

ZERIBA

ZERIBA Ze*riba, n. (Mil.) Defn: Same as Zareba.

ZERO

ZERO Zero, n; pl. Zeros or Zeroes. Etym: [F. z?ro, from Ar. ?afrun, ?ifrun, empty, a cipher. Cf. Cipher.] 1. (Arith.) Defn: A cipher; nothing; naught. 2. The point from which the graduation of a scale, as of a thermometer, commences. Note: Zero in the Centigrade, or Celsius thermometer, and in the R?aumur thermometer, is at the point at which water congeals. The zero of the Fahrenheit thermometer is fixed at the point at which the mercury stands when immersed in a mixture of snow and common salt. In Wedgwood's pyrometer, the zero corresponds with 1077? on the Fahrenheit scale. See Illust. of Thermometer. 3. Fig.: The lowest point; the point of exhaustion; as, his patience had nearly reached zero. Absolute zero. See under Absolute. -- Zero method (Physics), a method of comparing, or measuring, forces, electric currents, etc., by so opposing them that the pointer of an indicating apparatus, or the needle of a galvanometer, remains at, or is brought to, zero, as contrasted with methods in which the deflection is observed directly; -- called also null method. -- Zero point, the point indicating zero, or the commencement of a scale or reckoning.

ZEST

ZEST Zest, n. Etym: [F. zeste, probably fr. L. schistos split, cleft, divided, Gr. Schism.] 1. A piece of orange or lemon peel, or the aromatic oil which may be squeezed from such peel, used to give flavor to liquor, etc. 2. Hence, something that gives or enhances a pleasant taste, or the taste itself; an appetizer; also, keen enjoyment; relish; gusto. Almighty Vanity! to thee they owe Their zest of pleasure, and their balm of woe. Young. Liberality of disposition and conduct gives the highest zest and relish to social intercourse. Gogan. 3. The woody, thick skin inclosing the kernel of a walnut. [Obs.]

ZEST

ZEST Zest, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zested; p. pr. & vb. n. Zesting.] 1. To cut into thin slips, as the peel of an orange, lemon, etc.; to squeeze, as peel, over the surface of anything. 2. To give a relish or flavor to; to heighten the taste or relish of; as, to zest wine. Gibber.

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