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VACANCY Vacan*cy, n.; pl. Vacancies. Etym: [Cf. F. vacance.] 1. The quality or state of being vacant; emptiness; hence, freedom from employment; intermission; leisure; idleness; listlessness. All dispositions to idleness or vacancy, even before they are habits, are dangerous. Sir H. Wotton. 2. That which is vacant. Specifically: -- (a) Empty space; vacuity; vacuum. How is't with you, That you do bend your eye on vacancy Shak. (b) An open or unoccupied space between bodies or things; an interruption of continuity; chasm; gap; as, a vacancy between buildings; a vacancy between sentences or thoughts. (c) Unemployed time; interval of leisure; time of intermission; vacation. Time lost partly in too oft idle vacancies given both to schools and universities. Milton. No interim, not a minute's vacancy. Shak. Those little vacancies from toil are sweet. Dryden. (d) A place or post unfilled; an unoccupied office; as, a vacancy in the senate, in a school, etc.


VACANT Vacant, a. Etym: [F., fr. L. vacans, -antis, p. pr. of vacare to be empty, to be free or unoccupied, to have leisure, also vocare; akin to vacuus empty, and probably to E. void. Cf. Evacuate, Void, a.] 1. Deprived of contents; not filled; empty; as, a vacant room. Stuffs out his vacant garments with his form. Shak. Being of those virtues vacant. Shak. There is no fireside, howsoe'er defended, But has one vacant chair. Longfellow. 2. Unengaged with business or care; unemployed; unoccupied; disengaged; free; as, vacant hours. Religion is the interest of all; but philosophy of those . . . at leisure, and vacant from the affairs of the world. Dr. H. More. There was not a minute of the day which he left vacant. Bp. Fell. 3. Not filled or occupied by an incumbent, possessor, or officer; as, a vacant throne; a vacant parish. Special dignities which vacant lie For thy best use and wearing. Shak. 4. Empty of thought; thoughtless; not occupied with study or reflection; as, a vacant mind. The duke had a pleasant and vacant face. Sir H. Wotton. When on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood. Wordsworth. 5. (Law) Defn: Abandoned; having no heir, possessor, claimant, or occupier; as, a vacant estate. Bouvier. Vacant succession (Law), one that is claimed by no person, or where all the heirs are unknown, or where all the known heirs to it have renounced it. Burrill. Syn. -- Empty; void; devoid; free; unemployed; disengaged; unincumbered; uncrowded; idle. -- Vacant, Empty. A thing is empty when there is nothing in it; as, an empty room, or an empty noddle. Vacant adds the idea of having been previously filled, or intended to be filled or occupied; as, a vacant seat at table; a vacant office; vacant hours. When we speak of a vacant look or a vacant mind, we imply the absence of the intelligence naturally to be expected there.


VACANTLY Vacant*ly, adv. Defn: In a vacant manner; inanely.


VACATE Vacate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vacated; p. pr. & vb. n. Vacating.] Etym: [L. vacare, vacatum, to be empty. See Vacant.] 1. To make vacant; to leave empty; to cease from filling or occupying; as, it was resolved by Parliament that James had vacated the throne of England; the tenant vacated the house. 2. To annul; to make void; to deprive of force; to make of no authority or validity; as, to vacate a commission or a charter; to vacate proceedings in a cause. That after act vacating the authority of the precedent. Eikon Basilike. The necessity of observing the Jewish Sabbath was Vacated by the apostolical institution of the Lord's Day. R. Nelson. 3. To defeat; to put an end to. [R.] He vacates my revenge. Dryden.


VACATION Va*cation, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. vacatio a being free from a duty, service, etc., fr. vacare. See Vacate.] 1. The act of vacating; a making void or of no force; as, the vacation of an office or a charter. 2. Intermission of a stated employment, procedure, or office; a period of intermission; rest; leisure. It was not in his nature, however, at least till years had chastened it, to take any vacation from controversy. Palfrey. Hence, specifically: -(a) (Law) Defn: Intermission of judicial proceedings; the space of time between the end of one term and the beginning of the next; nonterm; recess. With lawyers in the vacation. Shak. (b) The intermission of the regular studies and exercises of an educational institution between terms; holidays; as, the spring vacation. (c) The time when an office is vacant; esp. (Eccl.), the time when a see, or other spiritual dignity, is vacant.


VACATUR Va*catur, n. [NL., it is made void, fr. L. vacare to be empty. See Vacant.] (Law) Defn: An order of court by which a proceeding is set aside or annulled.


VACCARY Vacca*ry, n. Etym: [LL. vaccarium, from L. vacca cow. Cf. Vachery.] Defn: A cow house, dairy house, or cow pasture. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Wright.


VACCINA Vac*cina, n. Etym: [NL.] (Med.) Defn: Vaccinia.


VACCINAL Vacci*nal, a. (Med.) Defn: Of or pertaining to vaccinia or vaccination.


VACCINATE Vacci*nate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vaccinated; p. pr. & vb. n. Vaccinating.] Etym: [See Vaccine.] Defn: To inoculate with the cowpox by means of a virus, called vaccine, taken either directly or indirectly from cows.


VACCINATION Vac`ci*nation, n. Defn: The act, art, or practice of vaccinating, or inoculating with the cowpox, in order to prevent or mitigate an attack of smallpox. Cf. Inoculation. Note: In recent use, vaccination sometimes includes inoculation with any virus as a preventive measure; as, vaccination of cholera.


VACCINATOR Vacci*na`tor, n. Defn: One who, or that which, vaccinates.


VACCINE Vaccine, a. Etym: [L. vaccinus, fr. vacca a cow; cf. Skr. vac to bellow, to groan.] Defn: Of or pertaining to cows; pertaining to, derived from, or caused by, vaccinia; as, vaccine virus; the vaccine disease. -- n. Defn: The virus of vaccinia used in vaccination.


VACCINE POINT Vaccine point`. (Med.) Defn: See Point, n., 26.


VACCINIA Vac*cini*a, n. Etym: [NL. See Vaccine.] (Med.) Defn: Cowpox; vaccina. See Cowpox.


VACCINIST Vacci*nist, n. Defn: A vaccinator.


VACCINIUM Vac*cini*um, n. Etym: [L., the blueberry, or whortleberry.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of ericaceous shrubs including the various kinds of blueberries and the true cranberries.


VACHER Va`cher, n. Etym: [F., from vache a cow. Cf. Vaquero.] Defn: A keeper of stock or cattle; a herdsman. [Southwestern U. S.] Bartlett.


VACHERY Vacher*y, n. Etym: [F. vacherie, from vache a cow, L. vacca. Cf. Vaccary.] 1. An inclosure for cows. 2. A dairy. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Prompt. Parv.


VACHETTE CLASP Va`chette clasp. [Cf. F. vachette cowhide leather used for ligatures.] (Veter.) Defn: A piece of strong steel wire with the ends curved and pointed, used on toe or quarter cracks to bind the edges together and prevent motion. It is clasped into two notches, one on each side of the crack, burned into the wall with a cautery iron.


VACILLANCY Vacil*lan*cy, n. Defn: The quality or state of being vacillant, or wavering. [R.] Dr. H. More.


VACILLANT Vacil*lant, a. Etym: [L. vacillans, p. pr. of vacillare: cf. F. vacillant. See Vacillate.] Defn: Vacillating; wavering; fluctuating; irresolute.


VACILLATE Vacil*late, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vacillated; p. pr. & vb. n. Vacillating.] Etym: [L. vacillare, vacillatum; cf. Skr. va?c.] 1. To move one way and the other; to reel or stagger; to waver. [A spheroid] is always liable to shift and vacillatefrom one axis to another. Paley. 2. To fluctuate in mind or opinion; to be unsteady or inconstant; to waver. Syn. -- See Fluctuate.


VACILLATING Vacil*la`ting, a. Defn: Inclined to fluctuate; wavering. Tennyson. -- Vacil*la`ting*ly, adv.


VACILLATION Vac`il*lation, n. Etym: [L. vacillatio: cf. F. vacillation.] 1. The act of vacillating; a moving one way and the other; a wavering. His vacillations, or an alternation of knowledge and doubt. Jer. Taylor.


VACILLATORY Vacil*la*to*ry, a. Defn: Inclined to vacillate; wavering; irresolute. Hawthorne.


VACUATE Vacu*ate, v. t. Etym: [L. vacuatus, p. p. of vacuare to empty, from vacuus empty. See Vacant.] Defn: To make void, or empty. [R.]


VACUATION Vac`u*ation, n. Defn: The act of emptying; evacuation. [R.]


VACUIST Vacu*ist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. vacuiste.] Defn: One who holds the doctrine that the space between the bodies of the universe, or the molecules and atoms of matter., is a vacuum; -- opposed to plenist.


VACUITY Va*cui*ty, n. Etym: [L. vacuitas. See Vacuous.] 1. The quality or state of being vacuous, or not filled; emptiness; vacancy; as, vacuity of mind; vacuity of countenance. Hunger is such a state of vacuity as to require a fresh supply of aliment. Arbuthnot. 2. Space unfilled or unoccupied, or occupied with an invisible fluid only; emptiness; void; vacuum. A vacuity is interspersed among the particles of matter. Bentley. God . . . alone can answer all our longings and fill every vacuity of our soul. Rogers. 3. Want of reality; inanity; nihility. [R.] Their expectations will meet with vacuity. Glanvill.


VACUNA Va*cuna, n. Etym: [L. vacuus unoccupied.] (Rom. Myth.) Defn: The goddess of rural leisure, to whom the husbandmen sacrificed at the close of the harvest. She was especially honored by the Sabines.


VACUOLATED Vacu*o*la`ted, a. (Biol.) Defn: Full of vacuoles, or small air cavities; as, vacuolated cells.


VACUOLATION Vacu*o*lation, n. (Biol.) Defn: Formation into, or multiplication of, vacuoles.


VACUOLE Vacu*ole, n. Etym: [L. vacuus empty: cf. F. vacuole.] (Biol.) Defn: A small air cell, or globular space, in the interior of organic cells, either containing air, or a pellucid watery liquid, or some special chemical secretions of the cell protoplasm. Contractile vacuole. (Zo?l.) See under Contractile, and see Illusts. of Infusoria, and Lobosa. -- Food vacuole. (Zo?l.) See under Food, and see Illust. of Infusoria.


VACUOMETER Vac`u*ome*ter, n. [Vacuum + -meter.] (Physics) (a) An instrument for the comparison of barometers. (b) An apparatus for the measurement of low pressures.


VACUOUS Vacu*ous, a. Etym: [L. vacuus. See Vacant.] Defn: Empty; unfilled; void; vacant. Boundless the deep, because I am who fill Infinitude; nor vacuous the space. Milton. That the few may lead selfish and vacuous days. J. Morley.


VACUOUSNESS Vacu*ous*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being vacuous; emptiness; vacuity. W. Montagu.


VACUUM Vacu*um, n.; pl. E. Vacuums, L. Vacua. Etym: [L., fr. vacuus empty. See Vacuous.] 1. (Physics) Defn: A space entirely devoid of matter (called also, by way of distinction, absolute vacuum); hence, in a more general sense, a space, as the interior of a closed vessel, which has been exhausted to a high or the highest degree by an air pump or other artificial means; as, water boils at a reduced temperature in a vacuum. 2. The condition of rarefaction, or reduction of pressure below that of the atmosphere, in a vessel, as the condenser of a steam engine, which is nearly exhausted of air or steam, etc.; as, a vacuum of 26 inches of mercury, or 13 pounds per square inch. Vacuum brake, a kind of continuous brake operated by exhausting the air from some appliance under each car, and so causing the pressure of the atmosphere to apply the brakes. -- Vacuum pan (Technol.), a kind of large closed metallic retort used in sugar making for boiling down sirup. It is so connected with an exhausting apparatus that a partial vacuum is formed within. This allows the evaporation and concentration to take place at a lower atmospheric pressure and hence also at a lower temperature, which largely obviates the danger of burning the sugar, and shortens the process. -- Vacuum pump. Same as Pulsometer, 1. -- Vacuum tube (Phys.), a glass tube provided with platinum electrodes and exhausted, for the passage of the electrical discharge; a Geissler tube. -- Vacuum valve, a safety valve opening inward to admit air to a vessel in which the pressure is less than that of the atmosphere, in order to prevent collapse. -- Torricellian vacuum. See under Torricellian.


VACUUM CLEANER Vacu*um cleaner. Defn: A machine for cleaning carpets, tapestry, upholstered work, etc., by suction.


VADANTES Va*dantes, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from L. vadans, p. pr. of vadare to wade, to ford.] (Zo?l.) Defn: An extensive artificial group of birds including the wading, swimming, and cursorial birds.


VADE Vade, v. i. Etym: [For fade.] Defn: To fade; hence, to vanish. [Obs.] Summer leaves all vaded. Shak. They into dust shall vade. Spenser.


VADE MECUM Va`de mecum. Etym: [L., go with me.] Defn: A book or other thing that a person carries with him as a constant companion; a manual; a handbook.


VADIMONY Vadi*mo*ny, n. Etym: [L. vadimonium.] (Law) Defn: A bond or pledge for appearance before a judge on a certain day. [Obs.]


VADIUM Vadi*um, n. Etym: [LL., from L. vas, vadis, bail.] (Law) Defn: Pledge; security; bail. See Mortgage. Vadium vivum Etym: [LL.] (Law), a living pledge, which exists where an estate is granted until a debt is paid out of its proceeds.


VAE Vae, n. Defn: See Voe. [Scot.]


VAFROUS Vafrous, a. Etym: [L. vafer.] Defn: Crafty; cunning; sly; as, vafrous tricks. [Obs.] Feltham.


VAGABOND Vaga*bond, a. Etym: [F., fr. L. vagabundus, from vagari to stroll about, from vagus strolling. See Vague.] 1. Moving from place to place without a settled habitation; wandering. Vagabond exile. Shak. 2. Floating about without any certain direction; driven to and fro. To heaven their prayers Flew up, nor missed the way, by envious winds Blown vagabond or frustrate. Milton. 3. Being a vagabond; strolling and idle or vicious.


VAGABOND Vaga*bond, n. Defn: One who wanders from place to place, having no fixed dwelling, or not abiding in it, and usually without the means of honest livelihood; a vagrant; a tramp; hence, a worthless person; a rascal. A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be. Gen. iv. 12. Note: In English and American law, vagabond is used in bad sense, denoting one who is without a home; a strolling, idle, worthless person. Vagabonds are described in old English statutes as such as wake on the night and sleep on the day, and haunt customable taverns and alehouses, and routs about; and no man wot from whence they came, nor whither they go. In American law, the term vagrant is employed in the same sense. Cf Rogue, n., 1. Burrill. Bouvier.


VAGABOND Vaga*bond, v. i. Defn: To play the vagabond; to wander like a vagabond; to stroll. On every part my vagabonding sight Did cast, and drown mine eyes in sweet delight. Drummond.


VAGABONDAGE Vaga*bond`age, n. Etym: [Cf. F. vagabondage.] Defn: The condition of a vagabond; a state or habit of wandering about in idleness; vagrancy.


VAGABONDISM Vaga*bond`ism, n. Defn: Vagabondage.


VAGABONDIZE Vaga*bond`ize, v. i. Defn: To play the vagabond; to wander about in idleness.


VAGABONDRY Vaga*bond`ry, n. Defn: Vagabondage.


VAGAL Vagal, a. Etym: [See Vagus.] (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the vagus, or pneumogastric nerves; pneumogastric.


VAGANCY Vagan*cy, n. Etym: [From L. vagans, p. pr. See Vagantes.] Defn: A wandering; vagrancy. [Obs.] A thousand vagancies of glory and desight. Milton.


VAGANTES Va*gantes, p. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. L. vagans, p. pr. of vagari to stroll or wander.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A tribe of spiders, comprising some of those which take their prey in a web, but which also frequently run with agility, and chase and seize their prey.


VAGARIOUS Va*gari*ous, a. Defn: Given to, or characterized by, vagaries; capricious; whimsical; crochety.


VAGARY Va*gary, n.; pl. Vagaries. Etym: [L. vagari to stroll about. See Vague.] 1. A wandering or strolling. [Obs.] 2. Hence, a wandering of the thoughts; a wild or fanciful freak; a whim; a whimsical purpose. The vagaries of a child. Spectator. They changed their minds, Flew off, and into strange vagaries fell. Milton.


VAGIENT Vagi*ent, a. Etym: [L. vagiens, p. pr. of vagire to cry like a young child.] Defn: Crying like a child. [Obs.]


VAGINA Va*gina, n.; pl. Vagin?. Etym: [L. vagina a scabbard or sheath.] 1. (Anat.) (a) A sheath; a theca; as, the vagina of the portal vein. (b) Specifically, the canal which leads from the uterus to the external orifice if the genital canal, or to the cloaca. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: The terminal part of the oviduct in insects and various other invertebrates. See Illust., of Spermatheca. 3. (Bot.) Defn: The basal expansion of certain leaves, which inwraps the stem; a sheath. 4. (Arch.) Defn: The shaft of a terminus, from which the bust of figure seems to issue or arise.


VAGINAL Vagi*nal, a. Etym: [Cf. F. vaginal.] 1. Of or pertaining to a vagina; resembling a vagina, or sheath; thecal; as, a vaginal synovial membrane; the vaginal process of the temporal bone. 2. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the vagina of the genital canal; as, the vaginal artery.


VAGINANT Vagi*nant, a. Etym: [Cf. F. vaginant. See Vagina.] Defn: Serving to in invest, or sheathe; sheathing. Vaginant leaf (Bot.), a leaf investing the stem or branch by its base, which has the form of a tube.


VAGINATE; VAGINATED Vagi*nate, Vagi*na`ted, a. Etym: [See Vagina.] Defn: Invested with, or as if with, a sheath; as, a vaginate stem, or one invested by the tubular base of a leaf.


VAGINATI Vag`i*nati, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A tribe of birds comprising the sheathbills.


VAGINERVOSE Vag`i*ner*vose, a. Etym: [L. vagus wandering + E. nervose.] (Bot.) Defn: Having the nerves, or veins, placed in apparent disorder.


VAGINICOLA Vag`i*nico*la, n. Etym: [NL., from L. vagina sheath + colere to in habit.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of Infusoria which form minute vaselike or tubular cases in which they dwell.


VAGINISMUS Vag`i*nismus, n. Etym: [NL.] (Med.) Defn: A painful spasmodic contraction of the vagina, often rendering copulation impossible.


VAGINITIS Vag`i*nitis, n. Etym: [NL. See Vagina, and -itis.] (Med.) Defn: Inflammation of the vagina, or the genital canal, usually of its mucous living membrane.


VAGINOPENNOUS Vag`i*no*pennous, a. Etym: [L. vagina a sheath + penna a feather, pl. pennae a wing.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Having elytra; sheath-winged. [R.]


VAGINULA Va*ginu*la, n. Etym: [L., dim. of vagina sheath.] (Bot.) (a) A little sheath, as that about the base of the pedicel of most mosses. (b) One of the tubular florets in composite flowers. Henslow.


VAGINULE Vagi*nule, n. (Bot.) Defn: A vaginula.


VAGISSATE Vagis*sate, v. i. Etym: [L. vagari to stroll or wander.] Defn: To caper or frolic. [Obs.]


VAGOUS Vagous, a. Etym: [L. vagus. See Vague.] Defn: Wandering; unsettled. [Obs.] Ayliffe.


VAGRANCY Vagran*cy, n. Defn: The quality or state of being a vagrant; a wandering without a settled home; an unsettled condition; vagabondism. Threatened away into banishment and vagrancy. Barrow.


VAGRANT Vagrant, a. Etym: [Probably fr. OF. waucrant, wacrant, p. p. of waucrer, wacrer, walcrer, to wander (probably of Teutonic origin), but influenced by F. vagant, p. pr. of vaguer to stray, L. vagari. Cf. Vagary.] 1. Moving without certain direction; wandering; erratic; unsettled. That beauteous Emma vagrant courses took. Prior. While leading this vagrant and miserable life, Johnson fell in live. Macaulay. 2. Wandering from place to place without any settled habitation; as, a vagrant beggar.


VAGRANT Vagrant, n. Defn: One who strolls from place to place; one who has no settled habitation; an idle wanderer; a sturdy beggar; an incorrigible rogue; a vagabond. Vagrants and outlaws shall offend thy view. Prior.


VAGRANTLY Vagrant*ly, adv. Defn: In a vagrant manner.


VAGRANTNESS Vagrant*ness, n. Defn: State of being vagrant; vagrancy.


VAGUE Vague, a. [Compar. Vaguer; superl. Vaguest.] Etym: [F. vague, or L. vagus. See Vague, v. i.] 1. Wandering; vagrant; vagabond. [Archaic] To set upon the vague villains. Hayward. She danced along with vague, regardless eyes. Keats. 2. Unsettled; unfixed; undetermined; indefinite; ambiguous; as, a vague idea; a vague proposition. This faith is neither a mere fantasy of future glory, nor a vague ebullition of feeling. I. Taylor. The poet turned away, and gave himself up to a sort of vague revery, which he called thought. Hawthorne. 3. Proceeding from no known authority; unauthenticated; uncertain; flying; as, a vague report. Some legend strange and value. Longfellow. Vague year. See Sothiac year, under Sothiac. Syn. -- Unsettled; indefinite; unfixed; ill-defined; ambiguous; hazy; loose; lax; uncertain.


VAGUE Vague, n. Etym: [Cf. F. vague.] Defn: An indefinite expanse. [R.] The gray vague of unsympathizing sea. Lowell.


VAGUE Vague, v. i. Etym: [F. vaguer, L. vagari, fr. vagus roaming.] Defn: To wander; to roam; to stray. [Obs.] [The soul] doth vague and wander. Holland.


VAGUE Vague, n. Defn: A wandering; a vagary. [Obs.] Holinshed.


VAGUELY Vaguely, adv. Defn: In a vague manner. What he vaguely hinted at, but dared not speak. Hawthorne.


VAGUENESS Vagueness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being vague.


VAGUS Vagus, a. Etym: [L., wandering.] (Anat.) Defn: Wandering; -- applied especially to the pneumogastric nerve. -- n. Defn: The vagus, ore pneumogastric, nerve.


VAIL Vail, n. & v. t. Defn: Same as Veil.


VAIL Vail, n. Etym: [Aphetic form of avail, n.] 1. Avails; profit; return; proceeds. [Obs.] My house is as were the cave where the young outlaw hoards the stolen vails of his occupation. Chapman. 2. An unexpected gain or acquisition; a casual advantage or benefit; a windfall. [Obs.] 3. Money given to servants by visitors; a gratuity; -- usually in the plural. [Written also vale.] Dryden.


VAIL Vail, v. t. Etym: [Aphetic form of avale. See Avale, Vale.] [Written also vale, and veil.] 1. To let fail; to allow or cause to sink. [Obs.] Vail your regard Upon a wronged, I would fain have said, a maid! Shak. 2. To lower, or take off, in token of inferiority, reverence, submission, or the like. France must vail her lofty-plumed crest! Shak. Without vailing his bonnet or testifying any reverence for the alleged sanctity of the relic. Sir. W. Scott.


VAIL Vail, v. i. Defn: To yield or recede; to give place; to show respect by yielding, uncovering, or the like. [Written also vale, and veil.] [Obs.] Thy convenience must vail to thy neighbor's necessity. South.


VAIL Vail, n. Defn: Submission; decline; descent. [Obs.]


VAILER Vailer, n. Defn: One who vails. [Obs.] Overbury.


VAIMURE Vaimure, n. Defn: An outer, or exterior. wall. See Vauntmure. [Obs.] Hakluyt.


VAIN Vain, a. [Compar. Vainer; superl. Vainest.] Etym: [F. vain, L. vanus empty, void, vain. Cf. Vanish, Vanity, Vaunt to boast.] 1. Having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfying. Thy vain excuse. Shak. Every man walketh in a vain show. Ps. xxxix. 6. Let no man deceive you with vain words. Eph. v. 6. Vain pomp, and glory of this world, I hate ye! Shak. Vain visdom all, and false philosophy. Milton. 2. Destitute of forge or efficacy; effecting no purpose; fruitless; ineffectual; as, vain toil; a vain attempt. Bring no more vain oblations. Isa. i. 13. Vain is the force of man To crush the pillars which the pile sustain. Dryden. 3. Proud of petty things, or of trifling attainments; having a high opinion of one's own accomplishments with slight reason; conceited; puffed up; inflated. But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith apart from works is barren James ii. 20 (Rev. Ver.). The minstrels played on every side, Vain of their art. Dryden. 4. Showy; ostentatious. Load some vain church with old theatric state. Pope. Syn. -- Empty; worthless; fruitless; ineffectual; idle; unreal; shadowy; showy; ostentatious; light; inconstant; deceitful; delusive; unimportant; trifling.


VAIN Vain, n. Defn: Vanity; emptiness; -- now used only in the phrase in vain. For vain. See In vain. [Obs.] Shak. -- In vain, to no purpose; without effect; ineffectually. In vain doth valor bleed. Milton. In vain they do worship me. Matt. xv. 9. -- To take the name of God in vain, to use the name of God with levity or profaneness.


VAINGLORIOUS Vain`glori*ous, a. Defn: Feeling or indicating vainglory; elated by vanity; boastful. Arrogant and vainglorious expression. Sir M. Hale. -- Vain`glori*ous*ly, adv. -- Vain`glori*ous*ness, n.


VAINGLORY Vain`glory, n. Etym: [Vain + glory.] Defn: Excessive vanity excited by one's own performances; empty pride; undue elation of mind; vain show; boastfulness. He had nothing of vainglory. Bacon. The man's undone forever; for if Hector break not his neck i' the combat, he'll break't himself in vainglory. Shak.


VAINLY Vainly, adv. Defn: In a vain manner; in vain.


VAINNESS Vainness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being vain.


VAIR Vair, n. Etym: [F. vair, from OF. vair, a., L. varius various, variegated. See Various, and cf. Menivel.] Defn: The skin of the squirrel, much used in the fourteenth century as fur for garments, and frequently mentioned by writers of that period in describing the costly dresses of kings, nobles, and prelates. It is represented in heraldry by a series of small shields placed close together, and alternately white and blue. Fairholt. No vair or ermine decked his garment. Sir W. Scott. Counter vair (Her.), a fur resembling vair, except in the arrangement of the patches or figures.


VAIRY Vairy, a. Etym: [F. vair?. See Vair, n.] (Her.) Defn: Charged with vair; variegated with shield-shaped figures. See Vair.

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