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MA Ma, conj. [It.] (Mus.) Defn: But; -- used in cautionary phrases; as, Vivace, ma non troppo presto (i. e., lively, but not too quick). Moore (Encyc. of Music).


MA'AM Ma'am, n. Defn: Madam; my lady; -- a colloquial contraction of madam often used in direct address, and sometimes as an appellation.


MAA Maa, n. [See New a gull.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The common European gull (Larus canus); -- called also mar. See New, a gull.


MAAD Maad, obs. p. p. of Make. Defn: Made. Chaucer.


MAALIN Maalin, n. (Zo?l.) (a) The sparrow hawk. (b) The kestrel.


MAARA SHELL Maa*ra shell`. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large, pearly, spiral, marine shell (Turbo margaritaceus), from the Pacific Islands. It is used as an ornament.


MAASHA Ma*asha, n. Defn: An East Indian coin, of about one tenth of the weight of a rupee.


MAAT Maat, a. [See Mate, a.] Defn: Dejected; sorrowful; downcast. [Obs.] So piteous and so maat. Chaucer.


MAB Mab (mab), n. [Cf. W. mad a male child, a boy.] 1. A slattern. [Prov. Eng.] 2. The name of a female fairy, esp. the queen of the fairies; and hence, sometimes, any fairy. Shak.


MABBLE Mabble, v. t. Defn: To wrap up. [Obs.]


MABBY Mabby, n. Defn: A spirituous liquor or drink distilled from potatoes; -- used in the Barbadoes.


MABOLO Ma*bolo, n. (Bot.) Defn: A kind of persimmon tree (Diospyros discolor) from the Philippine Islands, now introduced into the East and West Indies. It bears an edible fruit as large as a quince.


MAC Mac. [Gael., son.] Defn: A prefix, in names of Scotch origin, signifying son.


MACACO Ma*caco, n. [Cf. Pg. macaco.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any one of several species of lemurs, as the ruffed lemur (Lemur macaco), and the ring-tailed lemur (L. catta).


MACACUS Ma*cacus, n. [NL., a word of African origin. Cf. Macaco, Macaque.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of monkeys, found in Asia and the East Indies. They have short tails and prominent eyebrows.


MACADAM ROAD Mac*adam road`. [See Macadamize.] Defn: A macadamized road.


MACADAMIZATION Mac*ad`am*i*zation, n. Defn: The process or act of macadamizing.


MACADAMIZE Mac*adam*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Macadamized; p. pr. & vb. n. Macadamizing.] [From John Loudon McAdam, who introduced the process into Great Britain in 1816.] Defn: To cover, as a road, or street, with small, broken stones, so as to form a smooth, hard, convex surface.


MACAO Ma*cao, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A macaw.


MACAQUE Ma`caque, n. [F. See Macacus.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any one of several species of short-tailed monkeys of the genus Macacus; as, M. maurus, the moor macaque of the East Indies.


MACARANGA GUM Mac`a*ranga gum`. Defn: A gum of a crimson color, obtained from a tree (Macaranga Indica) that grows in the East Indies. It is used in taking impressions of coins, medallions, etc., and sometimes as a medicine. Balfour (Cyc. of India).


MACARIZE Maca*rize, v. t. [Gr. to bless.] Defn: To congratulate. [Oxford Univ. Cant] Whately.


MACARONI Mac`a*roni, n.; pl. Macaronis (#), or Macaronies. [Prov. It. macaroni, It. maccheroni, fr. Gr. happiness, later, a funeral feast, fr. blessed, happy. Prob. so called because eaten at such feasts in honor of the dead; cf. Gr. blessed, i. e., dead. Cf. Macaroon.] 1. Long slender tubes made of a paste chiefly of wheat flour, and used as an article of food; Italian or Genoese paste. A paste similarly prepared is largely used as food in Persia, India, and China, but is not commonly made tubular like the Italian macaroni. Balfour (Cyc. of India). 2. A medley; something droll or extravagant. 3. A sort of droll or fool. [Obs.] Addison. 4. A finical person; a fop; -- applied especially to English fops of about 1775. Goldsmith. 5. pl. (U. S. Hist.) The designation of a body of Maryland soldiers in the Revolutionary War, distinguished by a rich uniform. W. Irving.


MACARONIAN; MACARONIC Mac`a*roni*an, Mac`a*ronic, a. [Cf. It. maccheronico, F. macaronique.] 1. Pertaining to, or like, macaroni (originally a dish of mixed food); hence, mixed; confused; jumbled. 2. Of or pertaining to the burlesque composition called macaronic; as, macaronic poetry.


MACARONIC Mac`a*ronic, n. 1. A heap of thing confusedly mixed together; a jumble. 2. A kind of burlesque composition, in which the vernacular words of one or more modern languages are intermixed with genuine Latin words, and with hybrid formed by adding Latin terminations to other roots.


MACAROON Mac`a*roon, n. [F. macaron, It. maccherone. See Macaroni.] 1. A small cake, composed chiefly of the white of eggs, almonds, and sugar. 2. A finical fellow, or macaroni. [Obs.]


MACARTNEY Ma*cartney, n. [From Lord Macartney.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A fire-backed pheasant. See Fireback.


MACASSAR OIL Ma*cas`sar oil. Defn: A kind of oil formerly used in dressing the hair; -- so called because originally obtained from Macassar, a district of the Island of Celebes. Also, an imitation of the same, of perfumed castor oil and olive oil.


MACAUCO Ma*cauco, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any one of several species of small lemurs, as Lemur murinus, which resembles a rat in size.


MACAVAHU Ma`ca*vahu, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A small Brazilian monkey (Callithrix torquatus), -- called also collared teetee.


MACAW Ma*caw, n. [From the native name in the Antilles.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any parrot of the genus Sittace, or Macrocercus. About eighteen species are known, all of them American. They are large and have a very long tail, a strong hooked bill, and a naked space around the eyes. The voice is harsh, and the colors are brilliant and strongly contrasted. Macaw bush (Bot.), a West Indian name for a prickly kind of nightshade (Solanum mammosum). --Macaw palm, Macaw tree (Bot.), a tropical American palm (Acrocomia fusiformis and other species) having a prickly stem and pinnately divided leaves. Its nut yields a yellow butter, with the perfume of violets, which is used in making violet soap. Called also grugru palm.


MACCABEAN Mac`ca*bean, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Judas Maccabeus or to the Maccabees; as, the Maccabean princes; Maccabean times.


MACCABEES Macca*bees, n. pl. 1. The name given in later times to the Asmon?ans, a family of Jewish patriots, who headed a religious revolt in the reign of Antiochus


MACCABOY; MACCOBOY Macca*boy, Macco*boy, n. Etym: [From a district in the Island of Martinique where it is made: cf. F. macouba.] Defn: A kind of snuff.


MACCO Macco, n. Defn: A gambling game in vogue in the eighteenth century. Thackeray.


MACE Mace, n. Etym: [Jav. & Malay. mas, fr. Skr. masha a bean.] Defn: A money of account in China equal to one tenth of a tael; also, a weight of 57.98 grains. S. W. Williams.


MACE Mace, n. Etym: [F. macis, L. macis, macir, Gr. makaranda the nectar or honey of a flower, a fragrant mango.] (Bot.) Defn: A kind of spice; the aril which partly covers nutmegs. See Nutmeg. Note: Red mace is the aril of Myristica tingens, and white mace that of M. Otoba, -- East Indian trees of the same genus with the nutmeg tree.


MACE Mace, n. Etym: [OF. mace, F. masse, from (assumed) L. matea, of which the dim. mateola a kind of mallet or beetle, is found.] 1. A heavy staff or club of metal; a spiked club; -- used as weapon in war before the general use of firearms, especially in the Middle Ages, for breaking metal armor. Chaucer. Death with his mace petrific . . . smote. Milton. 2. Hence: A staff borne by, or carried before, a magistrate as an ensign of his authority. Swayed the royal mace. Wordsworth. 3. An officer who carries a mace as an emblem of authority. Macaulay. 4. A knobbed mallet used by curriers in dressing leather to make it supple. 5. (Billiards) Defn: A rod for playing billiards, having one end suited to resting on the table and pushed with one hand. Mace bearer, an officer who carries a mace before person in authority.


MACEDOINE Ma`c?`doine, n. [F., apparently the same word as Mac?doine Macedonia.] Defn: A kind of mixed dish, as of cooked vegetables with white sauce, sweet jelly with whole fruit, etc. Also, fig., a medley.


MACEDONIAN Mac`e*doni*an, a. Etym: [L. Macedonius, Gr. (Geog.) Defn: Belonging, or relating, to Macedonia. -- n. Defn: A native or inhabitant of Macedonia.


MACEDONIAN Mac`e*doni*an, n. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of a certain religious sect, followers of Macedonius, Bishop of Constantinople, in the fourth century, who held that the Holy Ghost was a creature, like the angels, and a servant of the Father and the Son.


MACEDONIANISM Mac`e*doni*an*ism, n. Defn: The doctrines of Macedonius.


MACER Macer, n. Etym: [F. massier. See Mace staff.] Defn: A mace bearer; an officer of a court. P. Plowman.


MACERATE Macer*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Macerated; p. pr. & vb. n. Macerating.] Etym: [L. maceratus, p. p. of macerare to make soft, weaken, enervate; cf. Gr. 1. To make lean; to cause to waste away. [Obs. or R.] Harvey. 2. To subdue the appetites of by poor and scanty diet; to mortify. Baker. 3. To soften by steeping in a liquid, with or without heat; to wear away or separate the parts of by steeping; as, to macerate animal or vegetable fiber.


MACERATER Macer*a`ter, n. Defn: One who, or that which, macerates; an apparatus for converting paper or fibrous matter into pulp.


MACERATION Mac`er*ation, n. Etym: [L. maceratio: cf. F. mac?ration.] Defn: The act or process of macerating.


MACHAERODUS; MACHAIRODUS Ma*ch?ro*dus, Ma*chairo*dus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A genus of extinct mammals allied to the cats, and having in the upper jaw canine teeth of remarkable size and strength; -- hence called saber-toothed tigers.


MACHETE Ma*chete, n. Etym: [Sp.] Defn: A large heavy knife resembling a broadsword, often two or three feet in length, -- used by the inhabitants of Spanish America as a hatchet to cut their way through thickets, and for various other purposes. J. Stevens.


MACHIAVELIAN Mach`i*a*velian, a. Etym: [From Machiavel, an Italian writer, secretary and historiographer to the republic of Florence.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Machiavel, or to his supposed principles; politically cunning; characterized by duplicity or bad faith; crafty.


MACHIAVELIAN Mach`i*a*velian, n. Defn: One who adopts the principles of Machiavel; a cunning and unprincipled politician.


MACHIAVELISM; MACHIAVELIANISM Machi*a*vel*ism, Mach`i*a*velian*ism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. machiav?lisme; It. machiavellismo.] Defn: The supposed principles of Machiavel, or practice in conformity to them; political artifice, intended to favor arbitrary power.


MACHICOLATED Ma*chico*la`ted, a. Etym: [LL. machicolatus, p. p. of machicolare, machicollare. See Machicolation.] Defn: Having machicolations. Machicolated turrets. C. Kingsley.


MACHICOLATION Mach`i*co*lation, n. Etym: [Cf. LL. machicolamentum, machacolladura, F. m?chicolis, m?checoulis; perh. fr. F. m?che match, combustible matter + OF. coulis, couleis, flowing, fr. OF. & F. couler to flow. Cf. Match for making fire, and Cullis.] 1. (Mil. Arh.) Defn: An opening between the corbels which support a projecting parapet, or in the floor of a gallery or the roof of a portal, shooting or dropping missiles upen assailants attacking the base of the walls. Also, the construction of such defenses, in general, when of this character. See Illusts. of Battlement and Castle. 2. The act of discharging missiles or pouring burning or melted substances upon assailants through such apertures.


MACHICOULIS Ma`chi`cou`lis, n. Etym: [F. m?chicoulis.] (Mil. Arch.) Defn: Same as Machicolation.


MACHINAL Ma*chinal, a. Etym: [L. machinalis: cf. F. machinal.] Defn: Of or pertaining to machines.


MACHINATE Machi*nate, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Machinated; p. pr. & vb. n. Machinating.] Etym: [L. machinatus, p. p. of machinari to devise, plot. See Machine.] Defn: To plan; to contrive; esp., to form a scheme with the purpose of doing harm; to contrive artfully; to plot. How long will you machinate! Sandys.


MACHINATE Machi*nate, v. t. Defn: To contrive, as a plot; to plot; as, to machinate evil.


MACHINATION Mach`i*nation, n. Etym: [L. machinatio: cf. F. machination.] 1. The act of machinating. Shak. 2. That which is devised; a device; a hostile or treacherous scheme; an artful design or plot. Devilish machinations come to naught. Milton. His ingenious machinations had failed. Macaulay.


MACHINATOR Machi*na`tor, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: One who machinates, or forms a scheme with evil designs; a plotter or artful schemer. Glanvill. Sir W. Scott.


MACHINE Ma*chine, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. machina machine, engine, device, trick, Gr. Mechanic.] 1. In general, any combination of bodies so connected that their relative motions are constrained, and by means of which force and motion may be transmitted and modified, as a screw and its nut, or a lever arranged to turn about a fulcrum or a pulley about its pivot, etc.; especially, a construction, more or less complex, consisting of a combination of moving parts, or simple mechanical elements, as wheels, levers, cams, etc., with their supports and connecting framework, calculated to constitute a prime mover, or to receive force and motion from a prime mover or from another machine, and transmit, modify, and apply them to the production of some desired mechanical effect or work, as weaving by a loom, or the excitation of electricity by an electrical machine. Note: The term machine is most commonly applied to such pieces of mechanism as are used in the industrial arts, for mechanically shaping, dressing, and combining materials for various purposes, as in the manufacture of cloth, etc. Where the effect is chemical, or other than mechanical, the contrivance is usually denominated an apparatus, not a machine; as, a bleaching apparatus. Many large, powerful, or specially important pieces of mechanism are called engines; as, a steam engine, fire engine, graduating engine, etc. Although there is no well-settled distinction between the terms engine and machine among practical men, there is a tendency to restrict the application of the former to contrivances in which the operating part is not distinct from the motor. 2. Any mechanical contrivance, as the wooden horse with which the Greeks entered Troy; a coach; a bicycle. Dryden. Southey. Thackeray. 3. A person who acts mechanically or at will of another. 4. A combination of persons acting together for a common purpose, with the agencies which they use; as, the social machine. The whole machine of government ought not to bear upon the people with a weight so heavy and oppressive. Landor. 5. A political organization arranged and controlled by one or more leaders for selfish, private or partisan ends. [Political Cant] 6. Supernatural agency in a poem, or a superhuman being introduced to perform some exploit. Addison. Elementary machine, a name sometimes given to one of the simple mechanical powers. See under Mechanical. -- Infernal machine. See under Infernal. -- Machine gun.See under Gun. -- Machine screw, a screw or bolt adapted for screwing into metal, in distinction from one which is designed especially to be screwed into wood. -- Machine shop, a workshop where machines are made, or where metal is shaped by cutting, filing, turning, etc. -- Machine tool, a machine for cutting or shaping wood, metal, etc., by means of a tool; especially, a machine, as a lathe, planer, drilling machine, etc., designed for a more or less general use in a machine shop, in distinction from a machine for producing a special article as in manufacturing. -- Machine twist, silken thread especially adapted for use in a sewing machine. -- Machine work, work done by a machine, in contradistinction to that done by hand labor.


MACHINE Ma*chine, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Machined; p. pr. & vb. n. Machining.] Defn: To subject to the action of machinery; to effect by aid of machinery; to print with a printing machine.


MACHINER Ma*chiner, n. Defn: One who or operates a machine; a machinist. [R.]


MACHINERY Ma*chiner*y, n. Etym: [From Machine: cf. F. machinerie.] 1. Machines, in general, or collectively. 2. The working parts of a machine, engine, or instrument; as, the machinery of a watch. 3. The supernatural means by which the action of a poetic or fictitious work is carried on and brought to a catastrophe; in an extended sense, the contrivances by which the crises and conclusion of a fictitious narrative, in prose or verse, are effected. The machinery, madam, is a term invented by the critics, to signify that part which the deities, angels, or demons, are made to act in a poem. Pope. 4. The means and appliances by which anything is kept in action or a desired result is obtained; a complex system of parts adapted to a purpose. An indispensable part of the machinery of state. Macaulay. The delicate inflexional machinery of the Aryan languages. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).


MACHINING Ma*chining, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the machinery of a poem; acting or used as a machine.[Obs.] Dryden.


MACHINIST Ma*chinist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. machiniste.] 1. A constrictor of machines and engines; one versed in the principles of machines. 2. One skilled in the use of machine tools. 3. A person employed to shift scenery in a theater.


MACHO Macho, n. Etym: [Sp.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The striped mullet of California (Mugil cephalus, or Mexicanus).


MACILENCY Maci*len*cy, n. Etym: [See Macilent.] Defn: Leanness.[Obs.] Sandys.


MACILENT Maci*lent, a. Etym: [L. macilentus, fr. macies leanness, macere to be lean.] Defn: Lean; thin. [Obs.] Bailey.


MACINTOSH Macin*tosh, n. Defn: Same as Mackintosh.


MACKEREL Macker*el, n. Etym: [OF. maquerel, F. maquereau, fr. D. makelaar mediator, agent, fr. makelen to act as agent.] Defn: A pimp; also, a bawd. [Obs.] Halliwell.


MACKEREL Mack`er*el, n. Etym: [OF. maquerel, F. maquereau (LL. macarellus), prob. for maclereau, fr. L. macula a spot, in allusion to the markings on the fish. See Mail armor.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any species of the genus Scomber, and of several related genera. They are finely formed and very active oceanic fishes. Most of them are highly prized for food. Note: The common mackerel (Scomber scombrus), which inhabits both sides of the North Atlantic, is one of the most important food fishes. It is mottled with green and blue. The Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculatus), of the American coast, is covered with bright yellow circular spots. Bull mackerel, Chub mackerel. (Zo?l.) See under Chub. -- Frigate mackerel. See under Frigate. -- Horse mackerel . See under Horse. -- Mackerel bird (Zo?l.), the wryneck; -- so called because it arrives in England at the time when mackerel are in season. -- Mackerel cock (Zo?l.), the Manx shearwater; -- so called because it precedes the appearance of the mackerel on the east coast of Ireland. -- Mackerel guide. (Zo?l.) See Garfish (a). -- Mackerel gull (Zo?l.) any one of several species of gull which feed upon or follow mackerel, as the kittiwake. -- Mackerel midge (Zo?l.), a very small oceanic gadoid fish of the North Atlantic. It is about an inch and a half long and has four barbels on the upper jaw. It is now considered the young of the genus Onos, or Motella. -- Mackerel plow, an instrument for creasing the sides of lean mackerel to improve their appearance. Knight. -- Mackerel shark (Zo?l.), the porbeagle. -- Mackerel sky, or Mackerel-back sky, a sky flecked with small white clouds; a cirro-cumulus. See Cloud. Mackerel sky and mare's-tails Make tall ships carry low sails. Old Rhyme.


MACKINAW BLANKET; MACKINAW Macki*naw blanket, Macki*naw.Etym: [From Mackinac,the State of Michigan, where blankets and other stores were distributed to the Indians.] Defn: A thick blanket formerly in common use in the western part of the United States.


MACKINAW BOAT Macki*naw boat. Defn: A flat-bottomed boat with a pointed prow and square stern, using oars or sails or both, used esp. on the upper Great Lakes and their tributaries.


MACKINAW COAT Mackinaw coat. Defn: A short, heavy, double-breasted plaid coat, the design of which is large and striking. [Local, U. S.]


MACKINAW TROUT Mackinaw trout. Defn: The namaycush.


MACKINTOSH Mackin*tosh, n. Defn: A waterproof outer garment; -- so called from the name of the inventor.


MACKLE Mac`kle, n. Etym: [See Macle.] Defn: Same Macule.


MACKLE Mackle, v. t. & i. Defn: To blur, or be blurred, in printing, as if there were a double impression.


MACLE Macle, n. Etym: [L. macula a spot: cf. F. macle. Cf. Mackle, Mascle.] (Min.) (a) Chiastolite; -- so called from the tessellated appearance of a cross section. See Chiastolite. (b) A crystal having a similar tessellated appearance. (c) A twin crystal.


MACLED Macled, a. 1. (Min.) (a) Marked like macle (chiastolite). (b) Having a twin structure. See Twin, a. 2. See Mascled.


MACLUREA Ma*clure*a, n. Etym: [NL. Named from William Maclure, the geologist.] (Paleon.) Defn: A genus of spiral gastropod shells, often of large size, characteristic of the lower Silurian rocks.


MACLURIN Ma*clurin, n. (Chem.) Defn: See Morintannic.


MACRAME LACE Macra*me lace. Defn: A coarse lace made of twine, used especially in decorating furniture.


MACRENCEPHALIC; MACRENCEPHALOUS Mac`ren*ce*phalic, Mac`ren*cepha*lous, a. Etym: [Macro + encephalic, encephalous.] Defn: Having a large brain.


MACRO- Macro-. Etym: [Gr. makro`s, adj.] Defn: A combining form signifying long, large, great; as macrodiagonal, macrospore.


MACRO-CHEMISTRY Mac`ro-chemis*try, n. Etym: [Macro- + chemistry.] (Chem.) Defn: The science which treats of the chemical properties, actions or relations of substances in quantity; -- distinguished from micro- chemistry.


MACROBIOTIC Mac`ro*bi*otic, a. Etym: [Gr. macrobiotique.] Defn: Long-lived. Dunglison.


MACROBIOTICS Mac`ro*bi*otics, n. (Physiol.) Defn: The art of prolonging life.


MACROCEPHALOUS Mac`ro*cepha*lous, a. Etym: [Macro + Gr. kefalh` the head.] 1. Having a large head. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Having the cotyledons of a dicotyledonous embryo confluent, and forming a large mass compared with the rest of the body. Henslow.


MACROCHIRES Mac`ro*chires, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of birds including the swifts and humming birds. So called from the length of the distal part of the wing.


MACROCOSM Macro*cosm, n. Etym: [Macro- + Gr. macrocosme.] Defn: The great world; that part of the universe which is exterior to man; -- contrasted with microcosm, or man. See Microcosm.


MACROCOSMIC Mac`ro*cosmic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the macrocosm. Tylor.


MACROCYSTIS Mac`ro*cystis, n. Etym: [NL. See Macro-, and Cyst.] (Bot.) Defn: An immensely long blackish seaweed of the Pacific (Macrocystis pyrifera), having numerous almond-shaped air vessels.


MACRODACTYL Mac`ro*dactyl, n. Etym: [Gr. macrodactyle.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of a group of wading birds (Macrodactyli) having very long toes. [Written also macrodactyle.]


MACRODACTYLIC; MACRODACTYLOUS Mac`ro*dac*tylic, Mac`ro*dactyl*ous, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having long toes.


MACRODIAGONAL Mac`ro*di*ago*nal, n. Etym: [Macro- + diagonal.] (Crystallog.) Defn: The longer of two diagonals, as of a rhombic prism. See Crystallization.


MACRODOME Macro*dome, n. Etym: [Macro- + dome.] (Crystallog.) Defn: A dome parallel to the longer lateral axis of an orthorhombic crystal. See Dome, n., 4.


MACRODONT Macro*dont, a. Etym: [Macro- + Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having large teeth. -- n. Defn: A macrodont animal.


MACROFARAD Macro*far`ad, n. Etym: [Macro- + farad.] (Elec.) Defn: See Megafarad. [R.]


MACROGLOSSIA Mac`ro*glossi*a, n. Etym: [NL. See Macro-, and Glossa.] (Med.) Defn: Enlargement or hypertrophy of the tongue.

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