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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]

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KOEL

KOEL Koel, n. Etym: [Native name in India.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any one of several species of cuckoos of the genus Eudynamys, found in India, the East Indies, and Australia. They deposit their eggs in the nests of other birds.

KOFF

KOFF Koff, n. Etym: [D. kof.] Defn: A two-masted Dutch vessel.

KOFTGARI

KOFTGARI Koft`ga*ri, a. [Hind. koft gar? goldbeating. fr. Per. koft beating + gar? trade.] Defn: Ornamental work produced by inlaying steel with gold, -- a variety of damascening much used in the arts of India.

KOHINOOR; KOHNUR

KOHINOOR; KOHNUR Koh`i*noor, Koh`*nur, n. Etym: [Per. koh-i-n, lit., mountain of light.] Defn: A famous diamond, surrendered to the British crown on the annexation of the Punjab. According to Hindoo legends, it was found in a Golconda mine, and has been the property of various Hindoo and Persian rulers.

KOHL

KOHL Kohl, n. Etym: [See Alcohol.] Defn: A mixture of soot and other ingredients, used by Egyptian and other Eastern women to darken the edges of the eyelids.

KOHL-RABI

KOHL-RABI Kohl-ra`bi, n.; pl. Kohl-rabies. Etym: [G. Cf. Cole, Rape the plant.] (Bot.) Defn: A variety of cabbage, in which the edible part is a large, turnip-shaped swelling of the stem, above the surface of the ground.

KOKAMA

KOKAMA Ko*kama, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gemsbok.

KOKLASS

KOKLASS Koklass, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any pheasant of the genus Pucrasia. The birds of this genus inhabit India and China, and are distinguished by having a long central and two lateral crests on the head. Called also pucras.

KOKOON

KOKOON Ko*koon, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gnu.

KOLA; KOLA

KOLA; KOLA NUT Kola, Kola nut . Defn: Same as Cola, Cola nut.

KOLARIAN

KOLARIAN Ko*lari*an, n. (Ethnol.) Defn: An individual of one of the races of aboriginal inhabitants which survive in Hindostan. -- a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Kolarians.

KOLINSKY

KOLINSKY Ko*linsky, n. [Russ. kolinski of Kola, a district in northeasten Russia where the finest minks abound.] Defn: Among furriers, any of several Asiatic minks; esp., Putorius sibiricus, the yellowish brown pelt of which is valued, esp. for the tail, used for making artists' brushes. Trade names for the fur are red sable and Tatar sable.

KOLUSCHAN; KOLUSHAN

KOLUSCHAN; KOLUSHAN Ko*luschan, Ko*lushan, a. [From Russ. kalyushka piece of wood (worn in the nether lip).] Defn: Designating, or pert. to, a linguistic stock of North American Indians comprising the Tlinkit tribes of the Alexander Archipelago of southeastern Alaska and adjacent coast lands. Their language bears some affinity to Mexican tongues.

KOMENIC

KOMENIC Ko*menic, a. Etym: [Prob. G. mekonin (by transposition of letters) + -ic.] (Chem.) Defn: Of or pertaining to, or designating, an acid derived from meconic acid. [Written also comenic.]

KOMTOK

KOMTOK Komtok, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: An African freshwater fish (Protopterus annectens), belonging to the Dipnoi. It can breathe air by means of its lungs, and when waters dry up, it encases itself in a nest of hard mud, where it remains till the rainy season. It is used as food.

KON

KON Kon, v. t. Defn: To know. See Can, and Con. [Obs.] Ye konnen thereon as much as any man. Chaucer.

KONITE

KONITE Konite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Conite.

KONSEAL

KONSEAL Kon*seal, n. [Prob. formed from conceal.] (Med.) Defn: A form of capsule for inclosing a dose of medicine that is offensive, caustic, or the like.

KONZE

KONZE Konze, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large African antelope (Alcelaphus Lichtensteini), allied to the hartbeest, but having shorter and flatter horns, and lacking a black patch on the face.

KOODOO

KOODOO Koodoo, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large South African antelope (Strepsiceros kudu). The males have graceful spiral horns, sometimes four feet long. The general color is reddish or grayish brown, with eight or nine white bands on each side, and a pale dorsal stripe. The old males become dark bluish gray, due to the skin showing through the hair. The females are hornless. Called also nellut. [Written also kudu.]

KOOKOOM

KOOKOOM Kookoom, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The oryx or gemsbok. [Written also kookaam.]

KOOLOKAMBA

KOOLOKAMBA Koo`lo*kamba, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A west African anthropoid ape (Troglodytes koolokamba, or T. Aubryi), allied to the chimpanzee and gorilla, and, in some respects, intermediate between them.

KOOLSLAA

KOOLSLAA Koolslaa`, n. Defn: See Coleslaw.

KOORD

KOORD Koord, n. Defn: See Kurd.

KOORDISH

KOORDISH Koordish, n. Defn: See Kurdish.

KOORILIAN

KOORILIAN Koo*rili*an, a & n. Defn: Same as Kurilian.

KOP

KOP Kop, n. [South Afr. D., fr. D. kop head, akin to G. kopf and prob. to E. cop top.] Defn: Hill; mountain. [South Africa]

KOPECK

KOPECK Kopeck, n. Etym: [Russ. kopeika.] Defn: A small Russian coin. One hundred kopecks make a rouble, worth about sixty cents. [Written also kopek, copec, and copeck.]

KOPJE

KOPJE Kopje, n. [South African D., dim. of kop. See Kop.] Defn: A hillock; a small kop. [South Africa] The colloqual Dutch pronunciation as here given is the usual one in South Africa.

KORAN

KORAN Koran, n. Etym: [Ar. goran. See Alcoran.] Defn: The Scriptures of the Mohammedans, containing the professed revelations to Mohammed; -- called also Alcoran. [Written also Kuran or Quran.]

KORIN

KORIN Korin, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gazelle.

KORRIGUM

KORRIGUM Korri*gum, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A West African antelope (Damalis Senegalensis), allied to the sassaby. It is reddish gray, with a black face, and a black stripe on the outside of the legs above the knees.

KOSHER

KOSHER Kosher, a. [heb. kosh?r fit, proper.] Defn: Ceremonially clean, according to Jewish law; --applied to food, esp. to meat of animals slaughtered according to the requirements of Jewish law. Opposed to tref. Hence, designating a shop, store, house, etc., where such food is sold or used.

KOSHER

KOSHER Kosher, n. Defn: Kosher food; also, a kosher shop.

KOSHER

KOSHER Kosher, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Koshered; p. pr. & vb. n. Koshering.] Defn: To prepare in conformity with the requirements of the Jewish law, as meat.

KOSMOS

KOSMOS Kosmos, n. Defn: See Cosmos. Gladstone.

KOTOW

KOTOW Ko*tow, n. Etym: [Chinese, knock head.] Defn: The prostration made by mandarins and others to their superiors, either as homage or worship, by knocking the forehead on the ground. There are degrees in the rite, the highest being expressed by three knockings. [China]kowtow S. W. Williams.

KOTOW

KOTOW Ko*tow, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Kotowed; p. pr. & vb. n. Kotowing.] Defn: To perform the kotow.kowtow

KOULAN

KOULAN Koulan, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A wild horse (Equus, or Asinus, onager) inhabiting the plants of Central Asia; -- called also gour, khur, and onager. [Written also kulan.] Note: It is sometimes confounded with the dziggetai, to which it is closely related. It is gray in winter, but fulvous in summer. It has a well defined, dark, dorsal stripe, and a short, erect mane. In size, it is intermediate between the horse and ass.

KOUMISS

KOUMISS Koumiss, n. Etym: [Russ. kumys; of Mongolian origin.] Defn: An intoxicating fermented or distilled liquor originally made by the Tartars from mare's or camel's milk. It can be obtained from any kind of milk, and is now largely made in Europe. [Written also koumyss, kumiss, kumish, and kumys.] Koumiss has from time immemorial served the Tartar instead of wine or spirits. J. H. Newman.

KOUSSO

KOUSSO Kousso, n. (Bot.) Defn: An Abyssinian rosaceous tree (Brayera anthelmintica), the flowers of which are used as a vermifuge. [Written also cusso and kosso.]

KOWTOW

KOWTOW Kow*tow, n. & v. i. Defn: The same as Kotow. I have salaamed and kowtowed to him. H. James.

KRA

KRA Kra, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A long-tailed ape (Macacus cynomolgus) of India and Sumatra. It is reddish olive, spotted with black, and has a black tail.

KRAAL

KRAAL Kraal, n. Etym: [D., a village, inclosure, park, prob. fr. Pg. curral a cattle pen; the same word as Sp. corral. See Corral.] 1. A collection of huts within a stockade; a village; sometimes, a single hut. [South Africa] 2. An inclosure into which are driven wild elephants which are to be tamed and educated. [Ceylon]

KRAIT

KRAIT Krait, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A very venomous snake of India (Bungarus coeruleus), allied to the cobra. Its upper parts are bluish or brownish black, often with narrow white streaks; the belly is whitish.

KRAKEN

KRAKEN Kraken, n. Etym: [Prob. from OSw. krake, or ODan. krage the trunk of a tree, the branches of which are not entirely cut off, to which it was likened by the Norwegian mariners.] Defn: A fabulous Scandinavian sea monster, often represented as resembling an island, but sometimes as resembling an immense octopus. To believe all that has been said of the sea serpent or kraken, would be credulity; to reject the possibility of their existence, would be presumption. Goldsmith. Like a kraken huge and black. Longfellow.

KRAKOWIAK

KRAKOWIAK Kra*kowi*ak, n. (Mus.) Defn: A lively Polish dance. See Cracovienne.

KRAMERIA

KRAMERIA Kra*meri*a, n. Etym: [NL. So called after the German botanists, J. G. H. & W. H. Kramer.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of spreading shrubs with many stems, from one species of which (K. triandra), found in Peru, rhatany root, used as a medicine, is obtained.

KRAMERIC

KRAMERIC Kra*meric, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, Krameria (rhatany); as, krameric acid, usually called ratanhia-tannic acid.

KRANG

KRANG Krang, n. Etym: [Cf. D. kreng a carcass.] Defn: The carcass of a whale after the blubber has been removed. [Written also crang and kreng.]

KRANGING HOOK

KRANGING HOOK Kranging hook`. (Whaling) Defn: A hook for holding the blubber while cutting it away. [Written also cranging hook.]

KREATIC

KREATIC Kre*atic, a. Defn: See Creatic.

KREATIN

KREATIN Krea*tin, n. (Chem.) Defn: See Creatin.

KREATININ

KREATININ Kre*ati*nin, n. (Chem.) Defn: See Creatinin.

KREEL

KREEL Kreel, n. Defn: See Creel.

KREMLIN

KREMLIN Kremlin, n. Etym: [Russ. kremle.] Defn: The citadel of a town or city; especially, the citadel of Moscow, a large inclosure which contains imperial palaces, cathedrals, churches, an arsenal, etc. [Russia]

KREMS

KREMS Krems, n. Defn: A variety of white lead. See Krems lead, under Lead, n.

KRENG

KRENG Kreng, n. Defn: See Krang.

KREOSOTE

KREOSOTE Kreo*sote, n. Defn: See Creosote.

KREUTZER

KREUTZER Kreutzer, n. Etym: [G. kreuzer.] Defn: A small copper coin formerly used in South Germany; also, a small Austrian copper coin. [Written also kreuzer.]

KRIEGSSPIEL

KRIEGSSPIEL Kriegsspiel` (, n. Etym: [G., fr. krieg war + spiel play.] Defn: A game of war, played for practice, on maps. Farrow.

KRIS

KRIS Kris, n. Defn: A Malay dagger. See Creese.

KRISHNA

KRISHNA Krishna (, n. Etym: [Skr. (Hindoo Myth.) Defn: The most popular of the Hindoo divinities, usually held to be the eighth incarnation of the god Vishnu.

KRITARCHY

KRITARCHY Kritarch*y, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The rule of the judges over Israel. Samson, Jephthah, Gideon, and other heroes of the kritarchy. Southey.

KROKIDOLITE

KROKIDOLITE Kro*kido*lite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Crocidolite.

KRONE

KRONE Krone, n.Etym: [Dan.] Defn: A coin of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, of the value of about twenty-eight cents. See Crown, n., 9.

KROOMAN

KROOMAN Krooman, n.; pl. Kroomen (. Defn: One of a negro tribe of Liberia and the adjacent coast, whose members are much employed on shipboard.

KRULLER

KRULLER Kruller, n. Defn: See Cruller.

KRUMMHORN; KRUMHORN

KRUMMHORN; KRUMHORN Krummhorn`, Krumhorn`, n. Etym: [G. krummhorn horn.] (Mus.) (a) A reed instrument of music of the cornet kind, now obsolete (see Cornet, 1, a.) (b) A reed stop in the organ; -- sometimes called cremona.

KRUPP GUN

KRUPP GUN Krupp gun Defn: . A breech-loading steel cannon manufactured at the works of Friedrich Krupp, at Essen in Prussia. Guns of over eight-inch bore are made up of several concentric cylinders; those of a smaller size are forged solid. Knight.

KRUPP PROCESS

KRUPP PROCESS Krupp process. (Iron Metal.) (a) A process practiced by Friedrich Krupp, Essen, Germany, for washing pig iron, differing from the Bell process in using manganese as well as iron oxide, and performed in a Pernot furnace. Called also the Bell-Krupp process. (b) A process for the manufacture of steel armor plates, invented or practiced by Krupp, the details of which are secret. It is understood to involve the addition of chromium as well as nickel to the metal, and to include a treatment like that of the Harvey process with unknown variations or additions. The product is mentioned by some authors, as improved Harvey, or Harvey-Krupp armor plate.

KRUPPIZE

KRUPPIZE Kruppize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kruppized; p. pr. & vb. n. Kruppizing.] (Metal.) Defn: To treat by, or subject to, the Krupp process.

KRYOLITE

KRYOLITE Kryo*lite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Cryolite.

KRYPTON

KRYPTON Krypton, n. [NL., fr. Gr. , neut. of hidden.] (Chem.) Defn: An inert gaseous element of the argon group, occurring in air to the extent of about one volume in a million. It was discovered by Ramsay and Travers in 1898. Liquefying point, -- 152? C.; symbol, Kr; atomic weight, 83.0.

KSAR

KSAR Ksar, n. Defn: See Czar.

KSH

KSH), or as a hydrate in which the oxygen has been wholly or partially replaced by sulphur.

KSHATRIYA; KSHATRUYA

KSHATRIYA; KSHATRUYA Kshatri*ya, Kshatru*ya, n.Etym: [Skr. kshatriya one belonging to the military caste.] Defn: The military caste, the second of the four great Hindoo castes; also, a member of that caste. See Caste. [India]

KUDA

KUDA Kuda, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The East Indian tapir. See Tapir.

KUDOS

KUDOS Kudos, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. ky^dos glory.] Defn: Glory; fame; renown; praise. W. H. Russel.

KUDOS

KUDOS Kudos, v. t. Defn: To praise; to extol; to glorify. Kudos'd egregiously. [R.] Southey.

KUDU

KUDU Kudu, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Koodoo.

KUFIC

KUFIC Kufic, a. Defn: See Cufic.

KUKANG

KUKANG Ku*kang, n. (Zo?l.) Etym: [Native name.] Defn: The slow lemur. See Lemur.

KUKLUX

KUKLUX Ku`klux, n. Defn: The name adopted in the southern part of the United States by a secret political organization, active for several years after the close of the Civil War, and having for its aim the repression of the political power of the freedmen; -- called also Kuklux Klan.

KULAN

KULAN Kulan, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Koulan.

KULTURKAMPF

KULTURKAMPF Kul*turkampf`, n. [G., fr. kultur, cultur, culture + kampf fight.] (Ger. Hist.) Defn: Lit., culture war; -- a name, originating with Virchow (1821 -- 1902), given to a struggle between the the Roman Catholic Church and the German government, chiefly over the latter's efforts to control educational and ecclesiastical appointments in the interest of the political policy of centralization. The struggle began with the passage by the Prussian Diet in May, 1873, of the so-called May laws, or Falk laws, aiming at the regulation of the clergy. Opposition eventually compelled the government to change its policy, and from 1880 to 1887 laws virtually nullifying the May laws were enacted.

KUMISH; KUMISS

KUMISH; KUMISS Kumish, Kumiss, n. Defn: See Koumiss.

KUMMEL

KUMMEL Kummel, n. Etym: [G. k?mmel cumin, caraway seed, L. cuminum. Cf. Cumin.] Defn: A Russian and German liqueur, consisting of a sweetened spirit flavored with caraway seeds.

KUMQUAT

KUMQUAT Kumquat, n. Etym: [Chin. kin keu.] (Bot.) Defn: A small tree of the genus Citrus (C. Japonica) growing in China and Japan; also, its small acid, orange-colored fruit used for preserves.

KUPFERNICKEL

KUPFERNICKEL Kupfer*nickel, n. Etym: [G. See Copper, and Nickel.] (Min.) Defn: Copper-nickel; niccolite. See Niccolite.

KURD

KURD Kurd, n. Defn: A native or inhabitant of a mountainous region of Western Asia belonging to the Turkish and Persian monarchies. [Written also Koord.]

KURDISH

KURDISH Kurdish, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Kurds. [Written also Koordish.]

KURILIAN

KURILIAN Ku*rili*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Kurile Islands, a chain of islands in the Pacific ocean, extending from the southern extremity of Kamschatka to Yesso. -- n. Defn: A native or an inhabitant of the Kurile Islands. [Written also Koorilian.]

KURO-SIWO

KURO-SIWO Kuro-Siwo, n. [Jap. kuroshio; kuro black + shio tide.] Defn: See Japan Current, above.

KURSAAL

KURSAAL Kursaal`, n.Etym: [G.] Defn: A public hall or room, for the use of visitors at watering places and health resorts in Germany.

KUSIMANSE

KUSIMANSE Ku`si*manse, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A carnivorous animal (Crossarchus obscurus) of tropical Africa. It its allied to the civets. Called also kusimansel, and mangue.

KUSKUS

KUSKUS Kuskus, Etym: [Per. & Hind. khaskhas.] (Bot.) Defn: See Vetiver.

KUSSIER

KUSSIER Kussi*er, n. Defn: (Mus.) A Turkish instrument of music, with a hollow body covered with skin, over which five strings are stretched. [Written also kussir.]

KUTAUSS

KUTAUSS Ku*tauss, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The India civet (Viverra zibetha).

KUTCH

KUTCH Kutch, n. (Goldbeating) Defn: The packet of vellum leaves in which the gold is first beaten into thin sheets.

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