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KOEL Koel, n. Etym: [Native name in India.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any one of several species of cuckoos of the genus Eudynamys, found in India, the East Indies, and Australia. They deposit their eggs in the nests of other birds.


KOFF Koff, n. Etym: [D. kof.] Defn: A two-masted Dutch vessel.


KOFTGARI Koft`ga*ri, a. [Hind. koft gar? goldbeating. fr. Per. koft beating + gar? trade.] Defn: Ornamental work produced by inlaying steel with gold, -- a variety of damascening much used in the arts of India.


KOHINOOR; KOHNUR Koh`i*noor, Koh`*nur, n. Etym: [Per. koh-i-n, lit., mountain of light.] Defn: A famous diamond, surrendered to the British crown on the annexation of the Punjab. According to Hindoo legends, it was found in a Golconda mine, and has been the property of various Hindoo and Persian rulers.


KOHL Kohl, n. Etym: [See Alcohol.] Defn: A mixture of soot and other ingredients, used by Egyptian and other Eastern women to darken the edges of the eyelids.


KOHL-RABI Kohl-ra`bi, n.; pl. Kohl-rabies. Etym: [G. Cf. Cole, Rape the plant.] (Bot.) Defn: A variety of cabbage, in which the edible part is a large, turnip-shaped swelling of the stem, above the surface of the ground.


KOKAMA Ko*kama, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gemsbok.


KOKLASS Koklass, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any pheasant of the genus Pucrasia. The birds of this genus inhabit India and China, and are distinguished by having a long central and two lateral crests on the head. Called also pucras.


KOKOON Ko*koon, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gnu.


KOLA; KOLA NUT Kola, Kola nut . Defn: Same as Cola, Cola nut.


KOLARIAN Ko*lari*an, n. (Ethnol.) Defn: An individual of one of the races of aboriginal inhabitants which survive in Hindostan. -- a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Kolarians.


KOLINSKY Ko*linsky, n. [Russ. kolinski of Kola, a district in northeasten Russia where the finest minks abound.] Defn: Among furriers, any of several Asiatic minks; esp., Putorius sibiricus, the yellowish brown pelt of which is valued, esp. for the tail, used for making artists' brushes. Trade names for the fur are red sable and Tatar sable.


KOLUSCHAN; KOLUSHAN Ko*luschan, Ko*lushan, a. [From Russ. kalyushka piece of wood (worn in the nether lip).] Defn: Designating, or pert. to, a linguistic stock of North American Indians comprising the Tlinkit tribes of the Alexander Archipelago of southeastern Alaska and adjacent coast lands. Their language bears some affinity to Mexican tongues.


KOMENIC Ko*menic, a. Etym: [Prob. G. mekonin (by transposition of letters) + -ic.] (Chem.) Defn: Of or pertaining to, or designating, an acid derived from meconic acid. [Written also comenic.]


KOMTOK Komtok, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: An African freshwater fish (Protopterus annectens), belonging to the Dipnoi. It can breathe air by means of its lungs, and when waters dry up, it encases itself in a nest of hard mud, where it remains till the rainy season. It is used as food.


KON Kon, v. t. Defn: To know. See Can, and Con. [Obs.] Ye konnen thereon as much as any man. Chaucer.


KONITE Konite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Conite.


KONSEAL Kon*seal, n. [Prob. formed from conceal.] (Med.) Defn: A form of capsule for inclosing a dose of medicine that is offensive, caustic, or the like.


KONZE Konze, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large African antelope (Alcelaphus Lichtensteini), allied to the hartbeest, but having shorter and flatter horns, and lacking a black patch on the face.


KOODOO Koodoo, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large South African antelope (Strepsiceros kudu). The males have graceful spiral horns, sometimes four feet long. The general color is reddish or grayish brown, with eight or nine white bands on each side, and a pale dorsal stripe. The old males become dark bluish gray, due to the skin showing through the hair. The females are hornless. Called also nellut. [Written also kudu.]


KOOKOOM Kookoom, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The oryx or gemsbok. [Written also kookaam.]


KOOLOKAMBA Koo`lo*kamba, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A west African anthropoid ape (Troglodytes koolokamba, or T. Aubryi), allied to the chimpanzee and gorilla, and, in some respects, intermediate between them.


KOOLSLAA Koolslaa`, n. Defn: See Coleslaw.


KOORD Koord, n. Defn: See Kurd.


KOORDISH Koordish, n. Defn: See Kurdish.


KOORILIAN Koo*rili*an, a & n. Defn: Same as Kurilian.


KOP Kop, n. [South Afr. D., fr. D. kop head, akin to G. kopf and prob. to E. cop top.] Defn: Hill; mountain. [South Africa]


KOPECK Kopeck, n. Etym: [Russ. kopeika.] Defn: A small Russian coin. One hundred kopecks make a rouble, worth about sixty cents. [Written also kopek, copec, and copeck.]


KOPJE Kopje, n. [South African D., dim. of kop. See Kop.] Defn: A hillock; a small kop. [South Africa] The colloqual Dutch pronunciation as here given is the usual one in South Africa.


KORAN Koran, n. Etym: [Ar. goran. See Alcoran.] Defn: The Scriptures of the Mohammedans, containing the professed revelations to Mohammed; -- called also Alcoran. [Written also Kuran or Quran.]


KORIN Korin, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gazelle.


KORRIGUM Korri*gum, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A West African antelope (Damalis Senegalensis), allied to the sassaby. It is reddish gray, with a black face, and a black stripe on the outside of the legs above the knees.


KOSHER Kosher, a. [heb. kosh?r fit, proper.] Defn: Ceremonially clean, according to Jewish law; --applied to food, esp. to meat of animals slaughtered according to the requirements of Jewish law. Opposed to tref. Hence, designating a shop, store, house, etc., where such food is sold or used.


KOSHER Kosher, n. Defn: Kosher food; also, a kosher shop.


KOSHER Kosher, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Koshered; p. pr. & vb. n. Koshering.] Defn: To prepare in conformity with the requirements of the Jewish law, as meat.


KOSMOS Kosmos, n. Defn: See Cosmos. Gladstone.


KOTOW Ko*tow, n. Etym: [Chinese, knock head.] Defn: The prostration made by mandarins and others to their superiors, either as homage or worship, by knocking the forehead on the ground. There are degrees in the rite, the highest being expressed by three knockings. [China]kowtow S. W. Williams.


KOTOW Ko*tow, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Kotowed; p. pr. & vb. n. Kotowing.] Defn: To perform the kotow.kowtow


KOULAN Koulan, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A wild horse (Equus, or Asinus, onager) inhabiting the plants of Central Asia; -- called also gour, khur, and onager. [Written also kulan.] Note: It is sometimes confounded with the dziggetai, to which it is closely related. It is gray in winter, but fulvous in summer. It has a well defined, dark, dorsal stripe, and a short, erect mane. In size, it is intermediate between the horse and ass.


KOUMISS Koumiss, n. Etym: [Russ. kumys; of Mongolian origin.] Defn: An intoxicating fermented or distilled liquor originally made by the Tartars from mare's or camel's milk. It can be obtained from any kind of milk, and is now largely made in Europe. [Written also koumyss, kumiss, kumish, and kumys.] Koumiss has from time immemorial served the Tartar instead of wine or spirits. J. H. Newman.


KOUSSO Kousso, n. (Bot.) Defn: An Abyssinian rosaceous tree (Brayera anthelmintica), the flowers of which are used as a vermifuge. [Written also cusso and kosso.]


KOWTOW Kow*tow, n. & v. i. Defn: The same as Kotow. I have salaamed and kowtowed to him. H. James.


KRA Kra, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A long-tailed ape (Macacus cynomolgus) of India and Sumatra. It is reddish olive, spotted with black, and has a black tail.


KRAAL Kraal, n. Etym: [D., a village, inclosure, park, prob. fr. Pg. curral a cattle pen; the same word as Sp. corral. See Corral.] 1. A collection of huts within a stockade; a village; sometimes, a single hut. [South Africa] 2. An inclosure into which are driven wild elephants which are to be tamed and educated. [Ceylon]


KRAIT Krait, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A very venomous snake of India (Bungarus coeruleus), allied to the cobra. Its upper parts are bluish or brownish black, often with narrow white streaks; the belly is whitish.


KRAKEN Kraken, n. Etym: [Prob. from OSw. krake, or ODan. krage the trunk of a tree, the branches of which are not entirely cut off, to which it was likened by the Norwegian mariners.] Defn: A fabulous Scandinavian sea monster, often represented as resembling an island, but sometimes as resembling an immense octopus. To believe all that has been said of the sea serpent or kraken, would be credulity; to reject the possibility of their existence, would be presumption. Goldsmith. Like a kraken huge and black. Longfellow.


KRAKOWIAK Kra*kowi*ak, n. (Mus.) Defn: A lively Polish dance. See Cracovienne.


KRAMERIA Kra*meri*a, n. Etym: [NL. So called after the German botanists, J. G. H. & W. H. Kramer.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of spreading shrubs with many stems, from one species of which (K. triandra), found in Peru, rhatany root, used as a medicine, is obtained.


KRAMERIC Kra*meric, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, Krameria (rhatany); as, krameric acid, usually called ratanhia-tannic acid.


KRANG Krang, n. Etym: [Cf. D. kreng a carcass.] Defn: The carcass of a whale after the blubber has been removed. [Written also crang and kreng.]


KRANGING HOOK Kranging hook`. (Whaling) Defn: A hook for holding the blubber while cutting it away. [Written also cranging hook.]


KREATIC Kre*atic, a. Defn: See Creatic.


KREATIN Krea*tin, n. (Chem.) Defn: See Creatin.


KREATININ Kre*ati*nin, n. (Chem.) Defn: See Creatinin.


KREEL Kreel, n. Defn: See Creel.


KREMLIN Kremlin, n. Etym: [Russ. kremle.] Defn: The citadel of a town or city; especially, the citadel of Moscow, a large inclosure which contains imperial palaces, cathedrals, churches, an arsenal, etc. [Russia]


KREMS Krems, n. Defn: A variety of white lead. See Krems lead, under Lead, n.


KRENG Kreng, n. Defn: See Krang.


KREOSOTE Kreo*sote, n. Defn: See Creosote.


KREUTZER Kreutzer, n. Etym: [G. kreuzer.] Defn: A small copper coin formerly used in South Germany; also, a small Austrian copper coin. [Written also kreuzer.]


KRIEGSSPIEL Kriegsspiel` (, n. Etym: [G., fr. krieg war + spiel play.] Defn: A game of war, played for practice, on maps. Farrow.


KRIS Kris, n. Defn: A Malay dagger. See Creese.


KRISHNA Krishna (, n. Etym: [Skr. (Hindoo Myth.) Defn: The most popular of the Hindoo divinities, usually held to be the eighth incarnation of the god Vishnu.


KRITARCHY Kritarch*y, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The rule of the judges over Israel. Samson, Jephthah, Gideon, and other heroes of the kritarchy. Southey.


KROKIDOLITE Kro*kido*lite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Crocidolite.


KRONE Krone, n.Etym: [Dan.] Defn: A coin of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, of the value of about twenty-eight cents. See Crown, n., 9.


KROOMAN Krooman, n.; pl. Kroomen (. Defn: One of a negro tribe of Liberia and the adjacent coast, whose members are much employed on shipboard.


KRULLER Kruller, n. Defn: See Cruller.


KRUMMHORN; KRUMHORN Krummhorn`, Krumhorn`, n. Etym: [G. krummhorn horn.] (Mus.) (a) A reed instrument of music of the cornet kind, now obsolete (see Cornet, 1, a.) (b) A reed stop in the organ; -- sometimes called cremona.


KRUPP GUN Krupp gun Defn: . A breech-loading steel cannon manufactured at the works of Friedrich Krupp, at Essen in Prussia. Guns of over eight-inch bore are made up of several concentric cylinders; those of a smaller size are forged solid. Knight.


KRUPP PROCESS Krupp process. (Iron Metal.) (a) A process practiced by Friedrich Krupp, Essen, Germany, for washing pig iron, differing from the Bell process in using manganese as well as iron oxide, and performed in a Pernot furnace. Called also the Bell-Krupp process. (b) A process for the manufacture of steel armor plates, invented or practiced by Krupp, the details of which are secret. It is understood to involve the addition of chromium as well as nickel to the metal, and to include a treatment like that of the Harvey process with unknown variations or additions. The product is mentioned by some authors, as improved Harvey, or Harvey-Krupp armor plate.


KRUPPIZE Kruppize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kruppized; p. pr. & vb. n. Kruppizing.] (Metal.) Defn: To treat by, or subject to, the Krupp process.


KRYOLITE Kryo*lite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Cryolite.


KRYPTON Krypton, n. [NL., fr. Gr. , neut. of hidden.] (Chem.) Defn: An inert gaseous element of the argon group, occurring in air to the extent of about one volume in a million. It was discovered by Ramsay and Travers in 1898. Liquefying point, -- 152? C.; symbol, Kr; atomic weight, 83.0.


KSAR Ksar, n. Defn: See Czar.


KSH), or as a hydrate in which the oxygen has been wholly or partially replaced by sulphur.


KSHATRIYA; KSHATRUYA Kshatri*ya, Kshatru*ya, n.Etym: [Skr. kshatriya one belonging to the military caste.] Defn: The military caste, the second of the four great Hindoo castes; also, a member of that caste. See Caste. [India]


KUDA Kuda, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The East Indian tapir. See Tapir.


KUDOS Kudos, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. ky^dos glory.] Defn: Glory; fame; renown; praise. W. H. Russel.


KUDOS Kudos, v. t. Defn: To praise; to extol; to glorify. Kudos'd egregiously. [R.] Southey.


KUDU Kudu, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Koodoo.


KUFIC Kufic, a. Defn: See Cufic.


KUKANG Ku*kang, n. (Zo?l.) Etym: [Native name.] Defn: The slow lemur. See Lemur.


KUKLUX Ku`klux, n. Defn: The name adopted in the southern part of the United States by a secret political organization, active for several years after the close of the Civil War, and having for its aim the repression of the political power of the freedmen; -- called also Kuklux Klan.


KULAN Kulan, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Koulan.


KULTURKAMPF Kul*turkampf`, n. [G., fr. kultur, cultur, culture + kampf fight.] (Ger. Hist.) Defn: Lit., culture war; -- a name, originating with Virchow (1821 -- 1902), given to a struggle between the the Roman Catholic Church and the German government, chiefly over the latter's efforts to control educational and ecclesiastical appointments in the interest of the political policy of centralization. The struggle began with the passage by the Prussian Diet in May, 1873, of the so-called May laws, or Falk laws, aiming at the regulation of the clergy. Opposition eventually compelled the government to change its policy, and from 1880 to 1887 laws virtually nullifying the May laws were enacted.


KUMISH; KUMISS Kumish, Kumiss, n. Defn: See Koumiss.


KUMMEL Kummel, n. Etym: [G. k?mmel cumin, caraway seed, L. cuminum. Cf. Cumin.] Defn: A Russian and German liqueur, consisting of a sweetened spirit flavored with caraway seeds.


KUMQUAT Kumquat, n. Etym: [Chin. kin keu.] (Bot.) Defn: A small tree of the genus Citrus (C. Japonica) growing in China and Japan; also, its small acid, orange-colored fruit used for preserves.


KUPFERNICKEL Kupfer*nickel, n. Etym: [G. See Copper, and Nickel.] (Min.) Defn: Copper-nickel; niccolite. See Niccolite.


KURD Kurd, n. Defn: A native or inhabitant of a mountainous region of Western Asia belonging to the Turkish and Persian monarchies. [Written also Koord.]


KURDISH Kurdish, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Kurds. [Written also Koordish.]


KURILIAN Ku*rili*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Kurile Islands, a chain of islands in the Pacific ocean, extending from the southern extremity of Kamschatka to Yesso. -- n. Defn: A native or an inhabitant of the Kurile Islands. [Written also Koorilian.]


KURO-SIWO Kuro-Siwo, n. [Jap. kuroshio; kuro black + shio tide.] Defn: See Japan Current, above.


KURSAAL Kursaal`, n.Etym: [G.] Defn: A public hall or room, for the use of visitors at watering places and health resorts in Germany.


KUSIMANSE Ku`si*manse, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A carnivorous animal (Crossarchus obscurus) of tropical Africa. It its allied to the civets. Called also kusimansel, and mangue.


KUSKUS Kuskus, Etym: [Per. & Hind. khaskhas.] (Bot.) Defn: See Vetiver.


KUSSIER Kussi*er, n. Defn: (Mus.) A Turkish instrument of music, with a hollow body covered with skin, over which five strings are stretched. [Written also kussir.]


KUTAUSS Ku*tauss, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The India civet (Viverra zibetha).


KUTCH Kutch, n. (Goldbeating) Defn: The packet of vellum leaves in which the gold is first beaten into thin sheets.

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