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KLIPDAS; KLIPDACHS Klipdas, Klipdachs`, n. Etym: [D. klip cliff + das badger, akin to G. dachs.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small mammal (Hyrax Capensis), found in South Africa. It is of about the size of a rabbit, and closely resembles the daman. Called also rock rabbit.


KLIPFISH Klipfish`, n. Defn: Dried cod, exported from Norway. [Written also clipfish.]


KLIPSPRINGER Klipspring`er, n. Etym: [D., lit., cliff springer.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small, graceful South African antelope (Nanotragus oreotragus), which, like the chamois, springs from one crag to another with great agility; -- called also kainsi. [Written also klippspringer.]


KLOOF Kloof, n. Etym: [D. See Clove a cleft.] Defn: A glen; a ravine closed at its upper end. [South Africa]


KLOPEMANIA Klo`pe*mani*a, n. Etym: [Gr. mania.] Defn: See Kleptomania.


KNAB Knab, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Knabbed; p. pr. & vb. n. Knabbing.] Etym: [See Nab, v. t., and cf. Knap, v. t.] 1. To seize with the teeth; to gnaw. Knabbing crusts. [Obs.] L'Estrange. 2. To nab. See Nab, v. t. [Colloq.]


KNABBLE Knabble, v. i. Etym: [Freq. of knab.] Defn: To bite or nibble. [Obs.] Horses will knabble at walls, and rats gnaw iron. Sir T. Browne.


KNACK Knack, v. i. Etym: [Prob. of imitative origin; cf. G. knacken to break, Dan. knage to crack, and E. knock.] 1. To crack; to make a sharp, abrupt noise to chink. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Bp. Hall. 2. To speak affectedly. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


KNACK Knack, n. 1. A petty contrivance; a toy; a plaything; a knickknack. A knack, a toy, a trick, a baby's cap. Shak. 2. A readiness in performance; aptness at doing something; skill; facility; dexterity. The fellow . . . has not the knack with his shears. B. Jonson. The dean was famous in his time, And had a kind of knack at rhyme. Swift. 3. Something performed, or to be done, requiring aptness and dexterity; a trick; a device. The knacks of japers. Chaucer. For how should equal colors do the knack ! Pope.


KNACK-KNEED Knack-kneed`, a. Defn: See Knock-kneed.


KNACKER Knacker, n. 1. One who makes knickknacks, toys, etc. Mortimer. 2. One of two or more pieces of bone or wood held loosely between the fingers, and struck together by moving the hand; -- called also clapper. Halliwell.


KNACKER Knacker, n. Etym: [Cf. Icel.hnakkr a saddle.] 1. a harness maker. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 2. One who slaughters worn-out horses and sells their flesh for dog's meat. [Eng.]


KNACKISH Knackish, a. Defn: Trickish; artful. [Obs.] -- Knackish*ness, n. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


KNACKY Knacky, a. Defn: Having a knack; cunning; crafty; trickish. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Halliwell.


KNAG Knag, n. Etym: [Cf. Prov. G. knagge a knot in wood, Sw. knagg, Dan. knag a hook to hand clothes on, a bracket; Gael. & Ir. cnag peg, knob.] 1. A knot in wood; a protuberance. Wright. 2. A wooden peg for hanging things on. Wright. 3. The prong of an antler Holland. 4. The rugged top of a hill. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


KNAGGED Knagged, a. Defn: Full of knots; knaggy.


KNAGGY Knaggy, a. Defn: Knotty; rough; figuratively, rough in temper. Fuller. -- Knaggi*ness, n.


KNAP Knap, n. Etym: [AS. cn?p, cn?pp, top, knob, button; cf. Icel. knappr knob, Sw. knapp, Dan. knap button, W., Gael., & Ir. cnap knob, button, and E. knop.] Defn: A protuberance; a swelling; a knob; a button; hence, rising ground; a summit. See Knob, and Knop. The highest part and knap of the same island. Holland.


KNAP Knap, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Knapped; p. pr. & vb. n. Knapping.] Etym: [D. knappen to chew, bite, crack, take hold of; prob. of imitative origin.] 1. To bite; to bite off; to break short. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. ] He will knap the spears apieces with his teeth. Dr. H. More. He breaketh the bow, and knappeth the spear in sunder. Ps. xlvi. 9 (Book of Common Prayer.) 2. To strike smartly; to rap; to snap. Bacon.


KNAP Knap, v. i. Defn: To make a sound of snapping. Wiseman.


KNAP Knap, n. Defn: A sharp blow or slap. Halliwell.


KNAPBOTTLE Knapbot`tle, n. (Bot.) Defn: The bladder campion (Silene inflata).


KNAPPISH Knappish, a. Etym: [See Knap to strike.] Defn: Snappish; peevish. [Obs.] Grafton.


KNAPPLE Knapple, v. i. Etym: [Freq. of knap, v., cf. D. knabbelen to gnaw.] Defn: To break off with an abrupt, sharp noise; to bite; to nibble. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


KNAPPY Knappy, a. Defn: Having knaps; full of protuberances or humps; knobby. [Obs.] Huloet.


KNAPSACK Knapsack`, n. Etym: [D. knapzak; knappen to eat + zak a bag. See Knap, v. t., and Sack.] Defn: A case of canvas or leather, for carrying on the back a soldier's necessaries, or the clothing, etc., of a traveler. And each one fills his knapsack or his scrip With some rare thing that on the field is found. Drayton.


KNAPWEED Knapweed`, n. (Bot.) Defn: The black centaury (Centaurea nigra); -- so called from the knoblike heads of flowers. Called also bullweed.


KNAR Knar, n. Defn: See Gnar. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KNARL Knarl, n. Defn: A knot in wood. See Gnarl.


KNARLED Knarled, a. Defn: Knotted. See Gnarled.


KNARRED Knarred, a. Defn: Knotty; gnarled. The knarred and crooked cedar knees. Longfellow.


KNARRY Knarry, a. Defn: Knotty; gnarled. Chaucer.


KNAVE Knave, n. Etym: [OE., boy, servant, knave, AS. cnafa boy, youth; cf.


KNAVERY Knaver*y, n.; pl. Knaveries (. 1. The practices of a knave; petty villainy; fraud; trickery; a knavish action. This is flat knavery, to take upon you another man's name. Shak. 2. pl. Defn: Roguish or mischievous tricks. Shak.


KNAVESHIP Knaveship, n. Defn: A small due, in meal, established by usage, which is paid to the under miller. [Scot.]


KNAVESS Knavess, n. Defn: A knavish woman. Carlyle.


KNAVISH Knavish, a. 1. Like or characteristic of a knave; given to knavery; trickish; fraudulent; dishonest; villainous; as, a knavish fellow, or a knavish trick. Knavish politicians. Macaulay. 2. Mischievous; roguish; waggish. Cupid is knavish lad, Thus to make poor females mad. Shak.


KNAVISHLY Knavish*ly, adv. 1. In a knavish manner; dishonestly; fraudulently. Holland. 2. Mischievously; waggishly; roguishly. Knavishly witty. Gayton.


KNAVISHNESS KNavish*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being knavish; knavery; dishonesty.


KNAW Knaw, v. t. Defn: See Gnaw. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


KNAWEL Knawel, n. Etym: [Akin to G. knauelk, kn?uel,prop., a ball of thread, coil. Cf. Clew.] (Bot.) Defn: A low, spreading weed (Scleranthus annuus), common in sandy soil.


KNEAD Knead, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kneaded; p. pr. & vb. n. Kneading.] Etym: [OE. kneden, As. cnedan; akin to D. kneden, G. kneten, Sw. kn, Icel. kno; cf. OSlav.gnesti.] 1. To work and press into a mass, usually with the hands; esp., to work, as by repeated pressure with the knuckles, into a well mixed mass, as the materials of bread, cake, etc.; as, to knead dough. The kneading, the making of the cake, the heating of the oven, and the baking. Shak. 2. Fig.: To treat or form as by kneading; to beat. I will knead him : I'll make him supple. Shak. Kneading trough, a trough or tray in which dough is kneaded. Ex. viii. 3.


KNEADABLE Kneada*ble, a. Defn: That may be kneaded; capable of being worked into a mass.


KNEADER Kneader, n. Defn: One who kneads.


KNEADINGLY Kneading*ly, adv. Defn: In the manner of one kneading.


KNEBELITE Knebel*ite, n. Etym: [From Major von Knebel.] (Min.) Defn: A mineral of a gray, red, brown, or green color, and glistening luster. It is a silicate of iron and manganese.


KNECK Kneck, n. Etym: [Etymol. uncertain.] (Naut.) Defn: The twisting of a rope or cable, as it is running out. [Eng.]


KNEE Knee, n. Etym: [OE. kne, cneo, As. cne?, cne?w; akin to OS. knio, kneo, OFries. kni, G. & D. knie, OHG. chniu, chneo, Icel. kn, Sw. kn?,Dan. kn?, Goth. kniu, L.genu, Gr. janu, Cf. Genuflection.] 1. In man, the joint in the middle part of the leg. 2. (Anat.) (a) The joint, or region of the joint, between the thigh and leg. (b) In the horse and allied animals, the carpal joint, corresponding to the wrist in man. 3. (Mech. & Shipbuilding) Defn: A piece of timber or metal formed with an angle somewhat in the shape of the human knee when bent. 4. A bending of the knee, as in respect or courtesy. Give them title, knee, and approbation. Shak. Knee breeches. See under Breeches. -- Knee holly, Knee holm (Bot.), butcher's broom. -- Knee jerk (Physiol.) a jerk or kick produced by a blow or sudden strain upon the patellar tendon of the knee, which causes a sudden contraction of the quadriceps muscle; one of the so-called tendon reflexes. -- Knee joint. See in the Vocabulary. -- Knee timber, timber with knees or angles in it. -- Knee tribute, or Knee worship, tribute paid by kneeling; worship by genuflection. [Obs.] Knee tribute yet unpaid. Milton.


KNEE Knee, v. t. Defn: To supplicate by kneeling. [Obs.] Fall down, and knee The way into his mercy. Shak


KNEE JERK Knee jerk. (Physiol.) Defn: A jerk or kick produced by a blow or sudden strain upon the patellar tendon of the knee, which causes a sudden contraction of the quadriceps muscle.


KNEE-CROOKING Knee-crook`ing, a. Defn: Obsequious; fawning; cringing. Knee-crooking knave. Shak.


KNEE-DEEP Knee-deep`, a. 1. Rising to the knees; knee-high; as, water or snow knee-deep. Grass knee-deep within a month. Milton. 2. Sunk to the knees; as, men knee-deep in water. Where knee-deep the trees were standing. Longfellow.


KNEE-HIGH Knee-high`, a. Defn: Rising or reaching upward to the knees; as, the water is knee- high.


KNEEBRUSH Kneebrush`, n. 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: A tuft or brush of hair on the knees of some species of antelopes and other animals; -- chiefly used in the plural. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A thick mass or collection of hairs on the legs of bees, by aid of which they carry the collected pollen to the hive or nest; -- usually in the plural.


KNEECAP Kneecap`, n. 1. (Anat.) Defn: The kneepan. 2. A cap or protection for the knee.


KNEED Kneed, a. 1. Having knees;- used chiefly in composition; as, in-kneed; out- kneed; weak-kneed. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Geniculated; forming an obtuse angle at the joints, like the knee when a little bent; as, kneed grass.


KNEEJOINT Kneejoint`, n. 1. The joint of the knee. 2. (Mach.) Defn: A toggle joint; -- so called because consisting of two pieces jointed to each other end to end, making an angle like the knee when bent.


KNEEJOINTED Kneejoint`ed, a. (Bot.) Defn: Geniculate; kneed. See Kneed, a., 2.


KNEEL Kneel, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Knelt or Kneeled (p. pr. & vb. n. Kneeling.] Etym: [OE. knelen, cneolien; akin to D. knielen, Dan. kn?le. See Knee.] Defn: To bend the knee; to fall or rest on the knees; -- sometimes with down. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. Acts vii. 60. As soon as you are dressed, kneel and say the Lord's Prayer. Jer. Taylor.


KNEELER Kneeler, n. 1. One who kneels or who worships by or while kneeling. Tennyson. 2. A cushion or stool to kneel on. 3. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: A name given to certain catechumens and penitents who were permitted to join only in parts of church worship.


KNEELINGLY Kneeling*ly, adv. Defn: In a kneeling position.


KNEEPAN Kneepan`, n. (Anat.) Defn: A roundish, flattened, sesamoid bone in the tendon in front of the knee joint; the patella; the kneecap.


KNEEPIECE Kneepiece`, n. Defn: A piece shaped like a knee; as, the kneepieces or ears of a boat.


KNEIPPISM; KNEIPP'S CURE; KNEIPP CURE Kneippism, n. Also Kneipp's, or Kneipp, cure. Defn: Treatment of disease by forms of hydrotherapy, as walking barefoot in the morning dew, baths, wet compresses, cold affusions, etc.; -- so called from its originator, Sebastian Kneipp (1821-97), a German priest.


KNELL Knell, n. Etym: [OE. knel, cnul, AS. cnyll, fr. cnyllan to sound a bell; cf. D. & G. knallen to clap, crack, G. & Sw. knall a clap, crack, loud sound, Dan. knalde to clap, crack. Cf. Knoll, n. & v.] Defn: The stoke of a bell tolled at a funeral or at the death of a person; a death signal; a passing bell; hence, figuratively, a warning of, or a sound indicating, the passing away of anything. The dead man's knell Is there scarce asked for who. Shak. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day. Gray.


KNELL Knell, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Knelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Knelling.] Etym: [OE. knellen, knillen, As. cnyllan. See Knell, n.] Defn: To sound as a knell; especially, to toll at a death or funeral; hence, to sound as a warning or evil omen. Not worth a blessing nor a bell to knell for thee. Beau. & Fl. Yet all that poets sing, and grief hath known, Of hopes laid waste, knells in that word, alone. Ld. Lytton.


KNELL Knell, v. t. Defn: To summon, as by a knell. Each matin bell, the baron saith, Knells us back to a world of death. Coleridge.


KNELT Knelt, imp. & p. p. Defn: of Kneel.


KNEW Knew, imp. Defn: of Know.


KNICKER Knicker, n. Etym: [D. knikker.] Defn: A small ball of clay, baked hard and oiled, used as a marble by boys in playing. [Prov. Eng. & U. S.] Halliwell. Bartlett.


KNICKERBOCKER Knicker*bock`er, n. Defn: A linsey-woolsey fabric having a rough knotted surface on the right side; used for women's dresses.


KNICKERBOCKERS Knicker*bock`ers, n. pl. Defn: The name for a style of short breeches; smallclothes.


KNICKKNACK Knickknack`, n. Etym: [See Knack.] Defn: A trifle or toy; a bawble; a gewgaw.


KNICKKNACKATORY Knickknack`a*to*ry, n. Defn: A collection of knickknacks. Richardson.


KNICKKNACKERY Knickknack`er*y, n. Defn: Knickknacks.


KNIFE Knife, n.; pl. Knives. Etym: [OE. knif, AS. cnif; akin to D. knijf, Icel. knifr, Sw. knif, Dan. kniv.] 1. An instrument consisting of a thin blade, usually of steel and having a sharp edge for cutting, fastened to a handle, but of many different forms and names for different uses; as, table knife, drawing knife, putty knife, pallet knife, pocketknife, penknife, chopping knife, etc. 2. A sword or dagger. The coward conquest of a wretch's knife. Shak. Knife grass (Bot.) a tropical American sedge (Scleria latifolia), having leaves with a very sharp and hard edge, like a knife. -- War to the knife, mortal combat; a conflict carried to the last extremity.


KNIFE Knife, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Knifed; p. pr. & vb. n. Knifing.] 1. (Hort.) Defn: To prune with the knife. 2. To cut or stab with a knife. [Low]


KNIFE SWITCH Knife switch. (Elec.) Defn: A switch consisting of one or more knifelike pieces hinged at one end and making contact near the other with flat gripping springs.


KNIFEBOARD Knifeboard`, n. Defn: A board on which knives are cleaned or polished.


KNIFEEDGE; KNIFE-EDGE Knife*edge`, n. (Mech.) Defn: A piece of steel sharpened to an acute edge or angle, and resting on a smooth surface, serving as the axis of motion of a pendulum, scale beam, or other piece required to oscillate with the least possible friction. Knife-edge file. See Illust. of File.


KNIGHT Knight, n. Etym: [OE. knight, cniht, knight, soldier, As. cniht, cneoht, a boy, youth, attendant, military follower; akin to D. & G. knecht servant; perh. akin to E. kin.] 1. A young servant or follower; a military attendant. [Obs.] 2. (a) In feudal times, a man-at-arms serving on horseback and admitted to a certain military rank with special ceremonies, including an oath to protect the distressed, maintain the right, and live a stainless life. (b) One on whom knighthood, a dignity next below that of baronet, is conferred by the sovereign, entitling him to be addressed as Sir; as, Sir John. [Eng.] Hence: (c) A champion; a partisan; a lover. Give this ring to my true knight. Shak In all your quarrels will I be your knight. Tennyson. Knights, by their oaths, should right poor ladies' harms. Shak. Note: Formerly, when a knight's name was not known, it was customary to address him as Sir Knight. The rank of a knight is not hereditary. 3. A piece used in the game of chess, usually bearing a horse's head. 4. A playing card bearing the figure of a knight; the knave or jack. [Obs.] Carpet knight. See under Carpet. -- Knight of industry. See Chevalier d'industrie, under Chevalier. -- Knight of Malta, Knight of Rhodes, Knight of St. John of Jerusalem. See Hospitaler. -- Knight of the post, one who gained his living by giving false evidence on trials, or false bail; hence, a sharper in general. Nares. A knight of the post, . . . quoth he, for so I am termed; a fellow that will swear you anything for twelve pence. -- Nash. -- Knight of the shire, in England, one of the representatives of a county in Parliament, in distinction from the representatives of cities and boroughs. -- Knights commanders, Knights grand cross, different classes of the Order of the Bath. See under Bath, and Companion. Knights of labor, a secret organization whose professed purpose is to secure and maintain the rights of workingmen as respects their relations to their employers. [U. S.] -- Knights of Pythias, a secret order, founded in Washington, d.C., in 1864, for social and charitable purposes. -- Knights of the Round Table, knights belonging to an order which, according to the legendary accounts, was instituted by the mythical King Arthur. They derived their common title from the table around which they sat on certain solemn days. Brande & C.


KNIGHT Knight, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Knighted; p. pr. & vb. n. Knighting.] Defn: To dub or create (one) a knight; -- done in England by the sovereign only, who taps the kneeling candidate with a sword, saying: Rise, Sir ---. A soldier, by the honor-giving hand Of Cknighted in the field. Shak.


KNIGHT'S FEE Knight's fee. (Feudal Law) Defn: The fee of a knight; specif., the amount of land the holding of which imposed the obligation of knight service, being sometimes a hide or less, sometimes six or more hides.


KNIGHT BACHELOR Knight bache*lor; pl. Knights bachelors (. Defn: A knight of the most ancient, but lowest, order of English knights, and not a member of any order of chivalry. See Bachelor, 4.


KNIGHT BANNERET Knight banner*et; pl. Knights bannerets. Defn: A knight who carried a banner, who possessed fiefs to a greater amount than the knight bachelor, and who was obliged to serve in war with a greater number of attendants. The dignity was sometimes conferred by the sovereign in person on the field of battle.


KNIGHT BARONET Knight baro-net. Defn: See Baronet.


KNIGHT MARSHAL Knight marshal. (Eng. Law) Defn: An officer in the household of the British sovereign, who has cognizance of transgressions within the royal household and verge, and of contracts made there, a member of the household being one of the parties. Wharton.


KNIGHT SERVICE Knight service. (Eng. Feud. Law) Defn: A tenure of lands held by knights on condition of performing military service. See Chivalry, n., 4.


KNIGHT SERVICE; KNIGHT'S SERVICE Knight service. Also Knight's service. 1. (Feud. Law) The military service by rendering which a knight held his lands; also, the tenure of lands held on condition of performing military service. By far the greater part of England [in the 13th century] is held of the king by knight's service. . . . In order to understand this tenure we must form the conception of a unit of military service. That unit seems to be the service of one knight or fully armed horseman (servitium unius militis) to be done to the king in his army for forty days in the year, if it be called for. . . . The limit of forty days seems to have existed rather in theory than practice. Pollock & Mait. 2. Service such as a knight can or should render; hence, good or valuable service.


KNIGHT TEMPLAR Knight Templar; pl. Knights Templars (. Defn: See Commandery, n., 3, and also Templar, n., 1 and 3.


KNIGHT-ER-RATIC Knight-er-ratic, a. Defn: Pertaining to a knight-errant or to knight-errantry. [R.] Quart. Rev.


KNIGHT-ERRANT Knight-er`rant, n.; pl. Knight-errants, or Knights-errant. Defn: A wandering knight; a knight who traveled in search of adventures, for the purpose of exhibiting military skill, prowess, and generosity.


KNIGHT-ERRANTRY Knight-er`rant*ry, n.; pl. Knight-errantries (. Defn: The character or actions of wandering knights; the practice of wandering in quest of adventures; chivalry; a quixotic or romantic adventure or scheme. The rigid guardian [i. e., conscience] of a blameless heart Is weak with rank knight-erratries o'errun. Young.


KNIGHTAGE Knightage, n. Defn: To body of knights, taken collectively.


KNIGHTHEAD Knighthead`, n. (Naut.) Defn: A bollard timber. See under Bollard.


KNIGHTHOOD Knighthood, n. Etym: [Knight + hood: cf. AS. chihthad youth.] 1. The character, dignity, or condition of a knight, or of knights as a class; hence, chivalry. O shame to knighthood. Shak. If you needs must write, write C?sar's praise; You 'll gain at least a knighthood, or the bays. Pope. 2. The whole body of knights. The knighthood nowadays are nothing like the knighthood of old time. Chapman. Note: When the order of knighthood was conferred with full solemnity in the leisure of a court or court or city, imposing preliminary ceremonies were required of the candidate. He prepared himself by prayer and fasting, watched his arms at night in a chapel, and was then admitted with the performance of religious rites. Knighthood was conferred by the accolade, which, from the derivation of the name, would appear to have been originally an embrace; but afterward consisted, as it still does, in a blow of the flat of a sword on the back of the kneeling candidate. Brande & C.


KNIGHTLESS Knightless, a. Defn: Unbecoming a knight. [Obs.] Knightless guile. Spenser.


KNIGHTLINESS Knightli*ness, n. Defn: The character or bearing suitable for a knight; chivalry. Spenser.


KNIGHTLY Knight`ly, a. Etym: [AS. cnihtlic boyish.] Defn: Of or pertaining to a knight; becoming a knight; chivalrous; as, a knightly combat; a knightly spirit. For knightly jousts and fierce encounters fit. Spenser. [Excuses] full knightly without scorn. Tennyson.


KNIGHTLY Knightly, adv. Defn: In a manner becoming a knight. And why thou comest thus knightly clad in arms. Shak.

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