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KETONE Ketone, n. Etym: [Cf. Acetone.] (Chem.) Defn: One of a large class of organic substances resembling the aldehydes, obtained by the distillation of certain salts of organic acids and consisting of carbonyl (CO) united with two hydrocarbon radicals. In general the ketones are colorless volatile liquids having a pungent ethereal odor. Note: The ketones are named by adding the suffix-one to the stems of the organic acids from which they are respectively derived; thus, acetic acid gives acetone; butyric acid, butyrone, etc.


KETONIC Ke*tonic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, a ketone; as, a ketonic acid.


KETTLE Kettle, n. Etym: [OE. ketel; cf. AS. cetel, cetil, cytel; akin to D. kjedel, G. kessel, OHG. chezzil, Icel. ketill, SW. kittel, Dan. kjedel, Goth. katils; all perh. fr. L. catillus, dim. of catinus a deep vessel, bowl; but cf. also OHG. chezzi kettle, Icel. kati small ship.] Defn: A metallic vessel, with a wide mouth, often without a cover, used for heating and boiling water or other liguids. Kettle pins, ninepins; skittles. [Obs.] Shelton. -- Kettle stitch (Bookbinding), the stitch made in sewing at the head and tail of a book. Knight.


KETTLEDRUM Kettle*drum`, n. 1. (Mus.) Defn: A drum made of thin copper in the form of a hemispherical kettle, with parchment stretched over the mouth of it. Note: Kettledrums, in pairs, were formerly used in martial music for cavalry, but are now chiefly confined to orchestras, where they are called tympani. 2. An informal social party at which a light collation is offered, held in the afternoon or early evening. Cf. Drum, n., 4 and 5.


KETTLEDRUMMER Kettle*drum`mer, n. Defn: One who plays on a kettledrum.


KEUPER Keuper, n. Etym: [G.] (Geol.) Defn: The upper division of the European Triassic. See Chart of Geology.


KEVEL Kevel, n. Etym: [Prov. E. kevil, cavel, rod, pole, a large hammer, horse's bit; cf. Icel. kefli cylinder, a stick, mangle, and Dan. kievle a roller.] 1. (Naut.) Defn: A strong cleat to which large ropes are belayed. 2. A stone mason's hammer. [Written also cavil.] Kevel head (Naut.), a projecting end of a timber, used as a kevel.


KEVEL; KEVIN Kevel, Kevin, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gazelle.


KEVER Kever, v. t. & Defn: i. To cover. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KEVERCHIEF Kever*chief, n. Defn: A kerchief. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KEX Kex, n. Etym: [W. cecys, pl., hollow stalks.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: A weed; a kecksy. Bp. Gauden. Though the rough kex break The starred mosaic. Tennyson. 2. A dry husk or covering. When the kex, or husk, is broken, he proveth a fair flying butterfly. Holland.


KEY Key, n. Etym: [OE. keye, key, kay, AS. c 1. An instrument by means of which the bolt of a lock is shot or drawn; usually, a removable metal instrument fitted to the mechanism of a particular lock and operated by turning in its place. 2. An instrument which is turned like a key in fastening or adjusting any mechanism; as, a watch key; a bed key, etc. 3. That part of an instrument or machine which serves as the means of operating it; as, a telegraph key; the keys of a pianoforte, or of a typewriter. 4. A position or condition which affords entrance, control, pr possession, etc.; as, the key of a line of defense; the key of a country; the key of a political situation. Hence, that which serves to unlock, open, discover, or solve something unknown or difficult; as, the key to a riddle; the key to a problem. Those who are accustomed to reason have got the true key of books. Locke. Who keeps the keys of all the creeds. Tennyson. 5. That part of a mechanism which serves to lock up, make fast, or adjust to position. 6. (Arch.) (a) A piece of wood used as a wedge. (b) The last board of a floor when laid down. 7. (Masonry) (a) A keystone. (b) That part of the plastering which is forced through between the laths and holds the rest in place. 8. (Mach.) (a) A wedge to unite two or more pieces, or adjust their relative position; a cotter; a forelock. See Illusts. of Cotter, and Gib. (b) A bar, pin or wedge, to secure a crank, pulley, coupling, etc., upon a shaft, and prevent relative turning; sometimes holding by friction alone, but more frequently by its resistance to shearing, being usually embedded partly in the shaft and partly in the crank, pulley, etc. 9. (Bot.) Defn: An indehiscent, one-seeded fruit furnished with a wing, as the fruit of the ash and maple; a samara; -- called also key fruit. 10. (Mus.) (a) A family of tones whose regular members are called diatonic tones, and named key tone (or tonic) or one (or eight), mediant or three, dominant or five, subdominant or four, submediant or six, supertonic or two, and subtonic or seven. Chromatic tones are temporary members of a key, under such names as sharp four, flat seven, etc. Scales and tunes of every variety are made from the tones of a key. (b) The fundamental tone of a movement to which its modulations are referred, and with which it generally begins and ends; keynote. Both warbling of one song, both in one key. Shak. 11. Fig: The general pitch or tone of a sentence or utterance. You fall at once into a lower key. Cowper. Key bed. Same as Key seat. -- Key bolt, a bolt which has a mortise near the end, and is secured by a cotter or wedge instead of a nut. Key bugle. See Kent bugle. -- Key of a position or country. (Mil.) See Key, 4. -- Key seat (Mach.), a bed or groove to receive a key which prevents one part from turning on the other. -- Key way, a channel for a key, in the hole of a piece which is keyed to a shaft; an internal key seat; -- called also key seat. -- Key wrench (Mach.), an adjustable wrench in which the movable jaw is made fast by a key. -- Power of the keys (Eccl.), the authority claimed by the ministry in some Christian churches to administer the discipline of the church, and to grant or withhold its privileges; -- so called from the declaration of Christ, I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Matt. xvi. 19.


KEY Key, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Keved; p. pr. & vb. n. Keying.] Defn: To fasten or secure firmly; to fasten or tighten with keys or wedges. Francis. To key up. (a) (Arch.) To raise (the whole ring of an arch) off its centering, by driving in the keystone forcibly. (b) (Mus.) To raise the pitch of. (c) Hence, fig., to produce nervous tension in.


KEY FRUIT Key fruit. (Bot.) Defn: A samara.


KEY TONE Key tone`. (Mus.) Defn: See Keynote.


KEY-COLD Key-cold`, a. Defn: Cold as a metallic key; lifeless. [Formerly, a proverbial expression.] Shak. Milton.


KEYAGE Keyage, n. Etym: [OF.caiage, F. guayage. See lst Key, Quay.] Defn: Wharfage; quayage.


KEYBOARD Keyboard`, n. Defn: The whole arrangement, or one range, of the keys of an organ, typewriter, etc.


KEYED Keyed (ked), a. Defn: Furnished with keys; as, a keyed instrument; also, set to a key, as a tune. Keyed bugle. See Kent bugle.


KEYHOLE Keyhole`, n. 1. A hole or apertupe in a door or lock, for receiving a key. 2. (a) (Carp.) A hole or excavation in beams intended to be joined together, to receive the key which fastens them. (b) (Mach.) a mortise for a key or cotter. Keyhole limpet (Zo?l.), a marine gastropod of the genus Fissurella and allied genera. See Fissurella. -- Keyhole saw, a narrow, slender saw, used in cutting keyholes, etc., as in doors; a kind of compass saw or fret saw. -- Keyhole urchin (Zo?l.), any one of numerous clypeastroid sea urchins, of the genera Melitta, Rotula, and Encope; -- so called because they have one or more perforations resembling keyholes.


KEYNOTE Keynote`, n. 1. (Mus.) Defn: The tonic or first tone of the scale in which a piece or passage is written; the fundamental tone of the chord, to which all the modulations of the piece are referred; -- called also key tone. 2. The fundamental fact or idea; that which gives the key; as, the keynote of a policy or a sermon.


KEYSEAT Keyseat`, v. t. Defn: To form a key seat, as by cutting. See Key seat, under Key.


KEYSTONE Keystone`, n. (Arch.) Defn: The central or topmost stone of an arch. This in some styles is made different in size from the other voussoirs, or projects, or is decorated with carving. See Illust. of Arch. Keystone State, the State of Pennsylvania; -- so called from its having been the central State of the Union at the formation of the Constitution.


KEYSTONE STATE Keystone` State. Defn: Pennsylvania; -- a nickname alluding to its having been the central one of the 13 original United States.


KEYWAY Keyway`, n. Defn: See Key way, under Key.


KHAKI Khaki (k?ke), a. [Hind. khaki, lit., dusty, dust-colored, fr. Per. khak dust.] Defn: Of a dull brownish yellow, or drab color; -- applied to cloth, originally to a stout brownish cotton cloth, used in making uniforms in the Anglo-Indian army. In the United States service the summer uniform of cotton is officially designated khaki; the winter uniform of wool, olive drab.


KHAKI Khaki, n. Defn: Any kind of khaki cloth; hence, a uniform of khaki or, rarely, a soldier clad in khaki. In the United States and British armies khaki or cloth of a very similar color is almost exclusively used for service in the field.


KHALIFF Khaliff, n. Defn: See Caliph.


KHAMSIN Kham*sin`, n. Defn: Same as Kamsin.


KHAN Khan, n. Etym: [Pers. & Tart. khan.] [Also kan, kaun.] Defn: A king; a prince; a chief; a governor; -- so called among the Tartars, Turks, and Persians, and in countries now or formerly governed by them.


KHAN Khan, n. Etym: [Per. khan, khanah, house, tent, inn.] Defn: An Eastern inn or caravansary. [Written also kawn.]


KHANATE Khan*ate (, n. Defn: Dominion or jurisdiction of a khan.


KHAYA Khaya, n. (Bot.) Defn: A lofty West African tree (Khaya Senegalensis), related to the mahogany, which it resembles in the quality of the wood. The bark is used as a febrifuge.


KHEDIVE Khe`dive, n. Etym: [F. kh?dive, Pers. khediw a prince.] Defn: A governor or viceroy; -- a title granted in 1867 by the sultan of Turkey to the ruler of Egypt.


KHENNA Khenna, n. Defn: See Henna.


KHOLAH Kholah, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The Indian jackal.


KHOLSUN Kholsun (, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The dhole.


KHOND Khond, n. Defn: A Dravidian of a group of tribes of Orissa, India, a section of whom were formerly noted for their cruel human sacrifices to the earth goddess, murder of female infants, and marriage by capture.


KHUTBAH Khutbah, n. Etym: [Ar.] Defn: An address or public prayer read from the steps of the pulpit in Mohammedan mosques, offering glory to God, praising Mohammed and his descendants, and the ruling princes.


KIABOOCA WOOD Ki`a*booca wood` Defn: . See Kyaboca wood.


KIANG Ki*ang, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The dziggetai.


KIBBLE Kibble, v. t. Defn: To bruise; to grind coarsely; as, kibbled oats. [Prov.Eng.] Halliwell.


KIBBLE Kibble, n. Defn: A large iron bucket used in Cornwall and Wales for raising ore out of mines. [Prov. Eng.] [Written also kibbal.]


KIBBLINGS Kibblings, n. pl. Defn: Portions of small fish used for bait on the banks of Newfoundland.


KIBE Kibe, n. Etym: [W. cib + gwst pain, sickness.] Defn: A chap or crack in the flesh occasioned by cold; an ulcerated chilblain. He galls his kibe. Shak.


KIBED Kibed, a. Defn: Chapped; cracked with cold; affected with chilblains; as kibed heels. Beau. & Fl.


KIBITKA Ki*bitka, n.; pl. Kibitkas (. Etym: [Russ.] 1. A tent used by the Kirghiz Tartars. 2. A rude kind of Russian vehicle, on wheels or on runners, sometimes covered with cloth or leather, and often used as a movable habitation.


KIBLAH Kiblah (, n. Defn: See Keblah.


KIBOSH Kibosh, n. 1. Nonsense; stuff; also, fashion; style. [Slang] 2. Portland cement when thrown or blown into the recesses of carved stonework to intensify the shadows. To put the kibosh on, to do for; to dispose of. [Slang]


KIBY Kiby, a. Defn: Affected with kibes. Skelton.


KICHIL Kichil Defn: ,. [Obs.] See Kechil. Chaucer.


KICK Kick, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kicred; p. pr. & vb. n. Kicking.] Etym: [W. cicio, fr. cic foot.] Defn: To strike, thrust, or hit violently with the foot; as, a horse kicks a groom; a man kicks a dog. He [Frederick the Great] kicked the shins of his judges. Macaulay. To kick the beam, to fit up and strike the beam; -- said of the lighter arm of a loaded balance; hence, to be found wanting in weight. Milton. -- To kick the bucket, to lose one's life; to die. [Colloq. & Low]


KICK Kick, v. i. 1. To thrust out the foot or feet with violence; to strike out with the foot or feet, as in defense or in bad temper; esp., to strike backward, as a horse does, or to have a habit of doing so. Hence, figuratively: To show ugly resistance, opposition, or hostility; to spurn. I should kick, being kicked. Shak. 2. To recoil; -- said of a musket, cannon, etc.


KICK Kick, n. 1. A blow with the foot or feet; a striking or thrust with the foot. A kick, that scarce would more a horse, May kill a sound divine. Cowper. 2. The projection on the tang of the blade of a pocket knife, which prevents the edge of the blade from striking the spring. See Illust. of Pocketknife. 3. (Brickmaking) Defn: A projection in a mold, to form a depression in the surface of the brick. 4. The recoil of a musket or other firearm, when discharged.


KICKABLE Kicka*ble, a. Defn: Capable or deserving of being kicked. A kickable boy. G. Eliot.


KICKAPOOS Kick`a*poos, n. pl.; sing. Kickapoo (. (Ethnol.) Defn: A tribe of Indians which formerly occupied the region of Northern Illinois, allied in language to the Sacs and Foxes.


KICKER Kicker, n. Defn: One who, or that which, kicks.


KICKSHAW Kickshaw`, n. Defn: See Kickshaws, the correct singular.


KICKSHAWS Kickshaws`, n.; pl. Kickshawses Etym: [Corrupt. fr. F. guelgue chose something, fr. L. gualis of what kind (akin to E. which) + suffix - guam + causa cause, in LL., a thing. See Which, and Cause.] 1. Something fantastical; any trifling, trumpery thing; a toy. Art thou good at these kickshawses! Shak. 2. A fancy dish; a titbit; a delicacy. Some pigeons, . . . a joint of mutton, and any pretty little tiny kickshaws. Shak. Cressy was lost by kickshaws and soup-maigre. Fenton.


KICKSHOE Kickshoe`, n. Defn: A kickshaws. Milton.


KICKSY-WICKSY Kicksy-wick`sy, a. Defn: Fantastic; restless; as, kicksy-wicksy flames. Nares.


KICKSY-WICKSY; KICKY-WISKY Kicksy-wick`sy, Kicky-wisk`y, n. Defn: That which is restless and uneasy. Note: Kicky-wicky, or, in some editions, Kicksy-wicksy, is applied contemptuously to a wife by Shakespeare, in All's Well that Ends Well, ii. 3, 297.


KICKUP Kickup, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The water thrush or accentor. [Local, West Indies]


KID Kid, n. Etym: [Of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. ki, Dan. & Sw. kid; akin to OHG. kizzi, G. kitz, kitzchen, kitzlein.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: A young goat. The . . . leopard shall lie down with the kid. Is. xi. 6 . 2. A young child or infant; hence, a simple person, easily imposed on. [Slang] Charles Reade. 3. A kind of leather made of the skin of the young goat, or of the skin of rats, etc. 4. pl. Defn: Gloves made of kid. [Colloq. & Low] 5. A small wooden mess tub; -- a name given by sailors to one in which they receive their food. Cooper.


KID Kid, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Kidded; p. pr. & vb. n. Kidding.] Defn: To bring forth a young goat.


KID Kid, n. Etym: [Cf. W. cidysen.] Defn: A fagot; a bundle of heath and furze. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


KID Kid, p. p. Defn: of Kythe. [Obs.] Gower. Chaucer.


KID Kid, v. t. Defn: See Kiddy, v. t. [Slang]


KIDDE Kidde, imp. Defn: of Kythe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KIDDERMINSTER Kidder*min`ster, n. Defn: A kind of ingrain carpeting, named from the English town where formerly most of it was manufactured.


KIDDIER Kiddi*er, n. Etym: [Cf. OSw. kyta to truck.] Defn: A huckster; a cadger. [Obs.] Halliwell.


KIDDLE Kiddle, n. Etym: [Cf. LL.kidellus, Armor. kiael] Defn: A kind of basketwork wear in a river, for catching fish. [Improperly spelled kittle.]


KIDDOW Kiddow, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The guillemot. [Written also kiddaw.] [Prov. Eng.]


KIDDY Kiddy, v. t. Defn: To deceive; to outwit; to hoax. [Slang] Dickens.


KIDDY Kiddy, n. Defn: A young fellow; formerly, a low thief. [Slang, Eng.]


KIDDYISH Kiddy*ish, a. Defn: Frolicsome; sportive. [Slang]


KIDFOX; KID-FOX Kidfox`. (Zo?l.) Defn: A young fox Shak.


KIDLING Kidling, n. Etym: [Kid +-ling: cf. Sw. kidling.] Defn: A young kid.


KIDNAP Kidnap`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kidnaped or Kidnapped; p. pr. & vb. n. Kidnaping or Kidnapping.] Etym: [Kid a child + Prov. E. nap to seize, to grasp. Cf. Knab, Knap, Nab.] Defn: To take (any one) by force or fear, and against one's will, with intent to carry to another place. Abbott. You may reason or expostulate with the parents, but never attempt to kidnap their children, and to make proselytes of them. Whately. Note: Originally used only of stealing children, but now extended in application to any human being, involuntarily abducted.


KIDNAPER; KIDNAPPER Kidnap`er, or; Kidnap`per, n. Defn: One who steals or forcibly carries away a human being; a manstealer.


KIDNEY Kidney, n.; pl. Kidneys. Etym: [OE. kidnei, kidnere, from Icel. koi belly, womb (akin to Goth. gipus, AS. cwip womb) + OE. nere kidney; akin to D. nier, G. niere, OHG. nioro, Icel. n, Dan. nyre, Sw. njure, and probably to Gr. (Kite belly.] 1. (Anat.) Defn: A glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body; a urinary gland. Note: In man and in other mammals there are two kidneys, one each side of vertebral column in the back part of the abdomen, each kidney being connected with the bladder by a long tube, the ureter, through which the urine is constantly excreted into the bladder to be periodically discharged. 2. Habit; disposition; sort; kind. Shak. There are in later other decrees, made by popes of another kidney. Barrow. Millions in the world of this man's kidney. L'Estrange. Your poets, spendthrifts, and other fools of that kidney, pretend, forsooth, to crack their jokes on prudence. Burns. Note: This use of the word perhaps arose from the fact that the kidneys and the fat about them are an easy test of the condition of an animal as to fatness. Think of that, -- a man of my kidney; -- . . . as subject to heat as butter. Shak. 3. A waiter. [Old Cant] Tatler. Floating kidney. See Wandering kidney, under Wandering. -- Kidney bean (Bot.), a sort of bean; -- so named from its shape. It is of the genus Phaseolus (P. vulgaris). See under Bean. -- Kidney ore (Min.), a variety of hematite or iron sesquioxide, occurring in compact kidney-shaped masses. -- Kidney stone. (Min.) See Nephrite, and Jade. -- Kidney vetch (Bot.), a leguminous herb of Europe and Asia (Anthyllis vulneraria), with cloverlike heads of red or yellow flowers, once used as a remedy for renal disorders, and also to stop the flow of blood from wounds; lady's-fingers.


KIDNEY-FORM; KIDNEY-SHAPED Kidney-form`, Kidney-shaped`, a. Defn: Having the form or shape of a kidney; reniform; as, a kidney- shaped leaf. Gray.


KIDNEYWORT Kidney*wort`, n. (Bot.) (a) A kind of saxifrage (Saxifrage stellaris). (b) The navelwort.


KIE Kie, n. pl. Etym: [Cf. Kee.] Defn: Kine; cows. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


KIEFEKIL Kiefe*kil, n. Etym: [Per. keff foam, scum + gil clay, mud.] (Min.) Defn: A species of clay; meerschaum. [Also written keffekil.]


KIER Kier, n. Etym: [Icel. ker a tub.] (Bleaching) Defn: A large tub or vat in which goods are subjected to the action of hot lye or bleaching liquor; -- also called keeve.


KIESELGUHR Kiesel*guhr`, n. Etym: [G., fr. kiesel flint + guhr an earthy deposit or sediment in water.] Defn: Siliceous earth; specifically, porous infusorial earth, used as an absorbent of nitroglycerin in the manufacture of dynamite.


KIESERITE Kieser*ite. n. Etym: [Named after Prof. Kieser, of Jena.] (Min.) Defn: Hydrous sulphate of magnesia found at the salt mines of Stassfurt, Prussian Saxony.


KIEVE Kieve, n. Defn: See Keeve, n.


KIKE Kike, v. i. Etym: [Cf. D. kijken, Sw. kika.] Defn: To gaze; to stare. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KIKE Kike, v. t. & i. Defn: To kick [Obs.] Chaucer.


KILDERKIN Kilder*kin, n. Etym: [OD. kindeken, kinneken, a small barrel, orig., a little child, fr. kind child; akin to G.kind, and to E. kin.] Defn: A small barrel; an old liquid measure containing eighteen English beer gallons, or nearly twenty-two gallons, United States measure. [Written also kinderkin.]


KILERG Kilerg`, n. [Kilo- + erg.] (Physics) Defn: A unit of work equal to one thousand ergs.


KILKENNY CATS Kil*kenny cats. Defn: Two cats fabled, in an Irish story, to have fought till nothing was left but their tails. It is probably a parable of a local contest between Kilkenny and Irishtown, which impoverished both towns.


KILL Kill, n. Defn: A kiln. [Obs.] Fuller.


KILL Kill, n. Etym: [D. kil.] Defn: A channel or arm of the sea; a river; a stream; as, the channel between Staten Island and Bergen Neck is the Kill van Kull, or the Kills; -- used also in composition; as, Schuylkill, Catskill, etc.


KILL Kill, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Killed; p. pr. & vb. n. Killing.] Etym: [OE. killen, kellen, cullen, to kill, strike; perh. the same word as cwellen, quellen, to kill (cf. Quell), or perh. rather akin to Icel. kolla to hit in the head, harm, kollr top, summit, head, Sw. kulle, D. kollen to kill with the ax.] 1. To deprive of life, animal or vegetable, in any manner or by any means; to render inanimate; to put to death; to slay. Ah, kill me with thy weapon, not with words ! Shak. 2. To destroy; to ruin; as, to kill one's chances; to kill the sale of a book. To kill thine honor. Shak. Her lively color kill'd with deadly cares. Shak. 3. To cause to cease; to quell; to calm; to still; as, in seamen's language, a shower of rain kills the wind. Be comforted, good madam; the great rage, You see, is killed in him. Shak. 4. To destroy the effect of; to counteract; to neutralize; as, alkali kills acid. To kill time, to busy one's self with something which occupies the attention, or makes the time pass without tediousness. Syn. -- To murder; assassinate; slay; butcher; destroy. -- To Kill, Murder, Assassinate. To kill does not necessarily mean any more than to deprive of life. A man may kill another by accident or in self-defense, without the imputation of guilt. To murder is to kill with malicious forethought and intention. To assassinate is tomurder suddenly and by stealth. The sheriff may kill without murdering; the duelist murders, but does not assassinate his antagonist; the assassin kills and murders.


KILL-JOY Kill-joy`, n. Defn: One who causes gloom or grief; a dispiriting person. W. Black.


KILLDEE; KILLDEER Killdee`, Killdeer`, n. Etym: [So named from its notes.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small American plover (?gialitis vocifera). Note: It is dark grayish brown above; the rump and upper tail coverts are yellowish rufous; the belly, throat, and a line over the eyes, white; a ring round the neck and band across the breast, black.


KILLER Killer, n. 1. One who deprives of life; one who, or that which, kills. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A voracious, toothed whale of the genus Orca, of which several species are known. Note: The killers have a high dorsal fin, and powerful jaws armed with large, sharp teeth. They capture, and swallow entire, large numbers of seals, porpoises, and dolphins, and are celebrated for their savage, combined attacks upon the right whales, which they are said to mutilate and kill. The common Atlantic species (Orca gladiator), is found both on the European and the American coast. Two species (Orca ater and O. rectipinna) occur on the Pacific coast.

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