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KELT Kelt, n. Etym: [Cf. Icel. kult quilt.] Defn: Cloth with the nap, generally of native black wool. [Scot.] Jamieson.


KELT Kelt, n. Defn: A salmon after spawning. [Scot.]


KELT Kelt, n. Defn: Same as Celt, one of Celtic race.


KELTER Kelter, n. Etym: [Cf. Gael. & Ir. cealt clothes, Gael. cealltair spear, castle, cause, Prov. E. kilter tool, instrument. Cf. Kilt.] Defn: Regular order or proper condition. [Written also kilter.] [Colloq.] If the organs of prayer be out of kelter or out of tune, how can we pray Barrow.


KELTIC Keltic, a. & n. Defn: Same as Celtic, a. & n.


KEMB Kemb, n. t. [imp. & p. p. Kembed or Kempt (p. pr. & vb. n. Kembing.] Etym: [OE.kemben, AS. cemban, fr. camb comb.] Defn: To comb. [Obs.] His longe hair was kembed behind his back. Chaucer.


KEMELIN Keme*lin, n. Etym: [Cf. Prov. E.kemlin, kimlin, kimmel, a salting tub, any tub, kembing a brewing tub, G. kumme bowl, basin, W. cwmman a tub, brewing tub.] Defn: A tub; a brewer's vessel. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KEMP; KEMPTY Kemp, Kempty, n. Defn: Coarse, rough hair wool or fur, injuring its quality.


KEMPE Kempe, a. Defn: Rough; shaggy. [Obs.] Kempe hairs. Chaucer.


KEMPS Kemps, n. pl. Etym: [Etymol. uncertain.] (Bot.) Defn: The long flower stems of the ribwort plantain (Plantago Lanceolata). Dr. Prior.


KEMPT Kempt, Defn: p. p. of Kemb. B. Jonson.


KEN Ken, n. Etym: [Perh. from kennel.] Defn: A house; esp., one which is a resort for thieves. [Slang, Eng.]


KEN Ken, n. t. [imp. & p. p. Kenned; p. pr. & vb. n. Kenning.] Etym: [OE.kennen to teach, make known, know, AS. cennan to make known, proclaim, or rather from the related Icel. kenna to know; akin to D. & G. kennen to know, Goth. kannjan to make known; orig., a causative corresponding to AS. cunnan to know, Goth. kunnan. sq. root45. See Can to be able, Know.] 1. To know; to understand; to take cognizance of. [Archaic or Scot.] 2. To recognize; to descry; to discern. [Archaic or Scot.] We ken them from afar. Addison 'T is he. I ken the manner of his gait. Shak.


KEN Ken, v. i. Defn: To look around. [Obs.] Burton.


KEN Ken, n. Defn: Cognizance; view; especially, reach of sight or knowledge. Beyond his ken. Longfellow. Above the reach and ken of a mortal apprehension. South. It was relief to quit the ken And the inquiring looks of men. Trench.


KENDAL GREEN; KENDAL Kendal green`, or; Kendal. Defn: A cloth colored green by dye obtained from the woad-waxen, formerly used by Flemish weavers at Kendal, in Westmoreland, England. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants). How couldst thou know these men in Kendal green Shak.


KENNEL Kennel, n. Etym: [See Channel, Canal.] Defn: The water course of a street; a little canal or channel; a gutter; also, a puddle. Bp. Hall.


KENNEL Kennel, n. Etym: [OE.kenel, (assumed) OF. kenil, F. chenil, LL. canile, fr. L. canis a dog. Cf. Canine.] 1. A house for a dog or for dogs, or for a pack of hounds. A dog sure, if he could speak, had wit enough to describe his kennel. Sir P. Sidney. 2. A pack of hounds, or a collection of dogs. Shak. 3. The hole of a fox or other beast; a haunt.


KENNEL Kennel, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Kenneled or Kennelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Kennelling.] Defn: To lie or lodge; to dwell, as a dog or a fox. The dog kenneled in a hollow tree. L'Estrange.


KENNEL Kennel, v. t. Defn: To put or keep in a kennel. Thomson.


KENNEL COAL Kennel coal` Defn: . See Cannel coal.


KENNING Kenning, n. Etym: [See Ken, v. t.] 1. Range of sight. [Obs.] Bacon. 2. The limit of vision at sea, being a distance of about twenty miles.


KENO Keno, n. Etym: [F. quine five winning numbers, fr. L. quini five each, quinque five. See Five.] Defn: A gambling game, a variety of the game of lotto, played with balls or knobs, numbered, and cards also numbered. [U. S.]


KENOGENESIS Ken`o*gene*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. genesis.] (Biol.) Defn: Modified evolution, in which nonprimitive characters make their appearance in consequence of a secondary adaptation of the embryo to the peculiar conditions of its environment; -- distinguished from palingenesis. [Written also c?nogenesis.]


KENOGENETIC Ken`o*ge*netic, a. (Biol.) Defn: Of or pertaining to kenogenesis; as, kenogenetic processes. -- Ken`o*ge*netic*al*ly, adv.


KENSPECKLE Kenspec`kle, a. Defn: Having so marked an appearance as easily to be recognized. [Scot.]


KENT BUGLE Kent bugle. Etym: [Probably named after a Duke of Kent.] (Mus.) Defn: A curved bugle, having six finger keys or stops, by means of which the performer can play upon every key in the musical scale; -- called also keyed bugle, and key bugle. Moore.


KENTLE Kentle, n. Etym: [From Quintal.] (Com.) Defn: A hundred weight; a quintal.


KENTLEDGE Kentledge, n. Etym: [OF. cant edge, corner, D.kant. See Cant edge, angle.] (Naut.) Defn: Pigs of iron used for ballast. [Written also kintlidge.]


KENTUCKY Ken*tucky, n. Defn: One of the United States. Kentucky blue grass (Bot.), a valuable pasture and meadow grass (Poa pratensis), found in both Europe and America. See under Blue grass. -- Kentucky coffee tree (Bot.), a tall North American tree (Gymnocladus Canadensis) with bipinnate leaves. It produces large woody pods containing a few seeds which have been used as a substitute for coffee. The timber is a very valuable.


KEPHALIN Kepha*lin, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: One of a group of nitrogenous phosphorized principles, supposed by Thudichum to exist in brain tissue.


KEPI Kepi, n. [F. k?pi, of G. origin.] Defn: A military cap having a close-fitting band, a round flat top sloping toward the front, and a visor. As originally worn by the French in Algeria about 1830 it was tall and stiff with a straight visor. It is now lower, has a curved visor, and is frequently soft.


KEPT Kept, imp. & p. p. Defn: of Keep. Kept mistress, a concubine; a woman supported by a man as his paramour.


KEPVISELOHAZ K?pvi*se*l?*h?z`, n. [Hung., fr. k?pvisel? representative + h?z house.] (Hungary) Defn: See Legislature.


KERAMIC Ke*ramic, a. Defn: Same as Ceramic.


KERAMICS Ke*ramics, n. Defn: Same as Ceramics.


KERAMOGRAPHIC Ker`a*mo*graphic, a. Etym: [Gr. graph + ic.] Defn: Suitable to be written upon; capable of being written upon, as a slate; -- said especially of a certain kind of globe. Scudamore.


KERANA Ke*rana, n. (Mus.) Defn: A kind of long trumpet, used among the Persians. Moore (Encyc. of Music).


KERARGYRITE Ke*rargy*rite, n. Defn: See Cerargyrite.


KERASIN Kera*sin, n. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A nitrogenous substance free from phosphorus, supposed to be present in the brain; a body closely related to cerebrin.


KERASINE Kera*sine, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Resembling horn; horny; corneous.


KERATIN Kera*tin, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A nitrogenous substance, or mixture of substances, containing sulphur in a loose state of combination, and forming the chemical basis of epidermal tissues, such as horn, hair, feathers, and the like. It is an insoluble substance, and, unlike elastin, is not dissolved even by gastric or pancreatic juice. By decomposition with sulphuric acid it yields leucin and tyrosin, as does albumin. Called also epidermose.


KERATITIS Ker`a*titis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Defn: Inflammation of the cornea.


KERATODE Kera*tode, n. Defn: See Keratose.


KERATOGENOUS Ker`a*toge*nous, a. Etym: [Gr. -genous.] Defn: Producing horn; as, the keratogenous membrane within the horny hoof of the horse.


KERATOIDEA Ker`a*toide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. -oid.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Same as Keratosa.


KERATOME Kera*tome, n. Etym: [Gr. (Surg.) Defn: An instrument for dividing the cornea in operations for cataract.


KERATONYXIS Ker`a*to*nyxis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: The operation of removing a cataract by thrusting a needle through the cornea of the eye, and breaking up the opaque mass.


KERATOPHYTE Kera*to*phyte, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A gorgonian coral having a horny axis.


KERATOSA Ker`a*tosa, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: An order of sponges having a skeleton composed of hornlike fibers. It includes the commercial sponges.


KERATOSE Kera*tose`, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A tough, horny animal substance entering into the composition of the skeleton of sponges, and other invertebrates; -- called also keratode.


KERATOSE Kera*tose`, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Containing hornlike fibers or fibers of keratose; belonging to the Keratosa.


KERAUNOGRAPH Ke*rauno*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. graph.] Defn: A figure or picture impressed by lightning upon the human body or elsewhere. -- Ker`au-nogra-phy, n.


KERB Kerb, n. Defn: See Curb.


KERBSTONE Kerbstone`, n. Defn: See Curbstone.


KERCHER Kercher, n. Defn: A kerchief. [Obs.] He became . . . white as a kercher. Sir T. North.


KERCHERED Kerchered, a. Defn: Covered, or bound round, with a kercher. [Obs.] G. Fletcher.


KERCHIEF Kerchief, n.; pl. Kerchiefs. Etym: [OE. coverchef, OF. cuevrechief, couvrechef, F. couvrechef, a head covering, fr. couvrir to cover +


KERCHIEFED; KERCHIEFT Kerchiefed, Kerchieft, a. Defn: Dressed; hooded; covered; wearing a kerchief. Milton.


KERF Kerf, n. Etym: [AS. cyrf a cutting off, fr. ceorfan to cut, carve. See Carve.] Defn: A notch, channel, or slit made in any material by cutting or sawing.


KERITE Kerite, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A compound in which tar or asphaltum combined with animal or vegetable oils is vulcanized by sulphur, the product closely resembling rubber; -- used principally as an insulating material in telegraphy. Knight.


KERL Kerl, n. Defn: See Carl.


KERMES Kermes, n. Etym: [Ar. & Per. girmiz. See Crimson, and cf. Alkermes.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect (Coccus ilicis), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of oak near the Mediterranean. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable nature, and were used in medicine. [Written also chermes.] 2. (Bot.) Defn: A small European evergreen oak (Quercus coccifera) on which the kermes insect (Coccus ilicis) feeds. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants). Kermes mineral. (a) (Old Chem.) An artificial amorphous trisulphide of antimony; -- so called on account of its red color. (b) (Med. Chem.) A compound of the trioxide and trisulphide of antimony, used in medicine. This substance occurs in nature as the mineral kermesite.


KERMESSE Kermesse, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: See Kirmess.


KERN Kern, n. Etym: [Ir.ceatharnach.Cf. Cateran. ] 1. A light-armed foot soldier of the ancient militia of Ireland and Scotland; -- distinguished from gallowglass, and often used as a term of contempt. Macaulay. Now for our Irish wars; We must supplant those rough, rug-headed kerns. Shak. 2. Any kind of boor or low-lived person. [Obs.] Blount. 3. (O. Eng. Law) Defn: An idler; a vagabond. Wharton.


KERN Kern, n. (Type Founding) Defn: A part of the face of a type which projects beyond the body, or shank.


KERN Kern, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kerned; p. pr. & vb. n. Kerning. ] (Type Founding) Defn: To form with a kern. See 2d Kern.


KERN Kern, n. Etym: [See Churn. ] Defn: A churn. [Prov. Eng.]


KERN Kern, n. Etym: [AS. cweorn, cwyrn. See Quern. ] Defn: A hand mill. See Quern. Johnson.


KERN Kern, v. i. Etym: [Cf. G. kern kernel, grain; akin to E. corn. See Corn, Kernel. ] 1. To harden, as corn in ripening. [Obs.] Carew. 2. To take the form of kernels; to granulate. [Obs.] It is observed that rain makes the salt kern. Dampier.


KERN BABY Kern baby. Defn: A doll or image decorated with corn (grain) flowers, etc., carried in the festivals of a kern, or harvest-home. Called also harvest queen.


KERNED Kerned, a. (Print.) Defn: Having part of the face projecting beyond the body or shank; -- said of type. In Roman, f and j are the only kerned letters. MacKellar.


KERNEL Kernel, n. Etym: [OE. kernel, kirnel, curnel, AS.cyrnel, fr. corn grain. See Corn, and cf. Kern to harden.] 1. The essential part of a seed; all that is within the seed walls; the edible substance contained in the shell of a nut; hence, anything included in a shell, husk, or integument; as, the kernel of a nut. See Illust. of Endocarp. ' A were as good crack a fusty nut with no kernel Shak. 2. A single seed or grain; as, a kernel of corn. 3. A small mass around which other matter is concreted; a nucleus; a concretion or hard lump in the flesh. 4. The central, substantial or essential part of anything; the gist; the core; as, the kernel of an argument.


KERNEL Kernel, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Kerneled or Kernelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Kerneling or Kernelling.] Defn: To harden or ripen into kernels; to produce kernels.


KERNELED; KERNELLED Kerneled, Kernelled, a. Defn: Having a kernel.


KERNELLY Kernel*ly, a. Defn: Full of kernels; resembling kernels; of the nature of kernels. Holland.


KERNISH Kernish, a. Etym: [From Kern a boor.] Defn: Clownish; booorish. [Obs.] A petty kernish prince. Milton.


KEROLITE Kero*lite, n. (Min.) Defn: Same as Cerolite.


KEROSENE Kero*sene`, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also coal oil. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series.


KERS; KERSE Kers, Kerse, n. Defn: A cress. [Obs.] Chaucer. Not worth a kers. See under Cress.


KERSEY Kersey, n.; pl. Kerseys. Etym: [Prob. from the town of Kersey in Suffolk, Eng.] Defn: A kind of coarse, woolen cloth, usually ribbed, woven from wool of long staple.


KERSEYMERE Kersey*mere, n. Etym: [For cassimere, confounded with kersey.] Defn: See Cassimere.


KERSEYNETTE Ker`sey*nette, n. Defn: See Cassinette.


KERSEYS Kerseys, n. pl. Defn: Varieties of kersey; also, trousers made of kersey.


KERVE Kerve, v. t. Defn: To carve. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KERVER Kerver, n. Defn: A carver. [Obs.] Chaucer.


KESAR Kesar, n. Defn: See Kaiser [Obs.] Spenser.


KESLOP Keslop, n. Etym: [AS.c, or c, milk curdled; cf. G. k?selab, k?selippe. See Cheese, and cf.Cheeselep.] Defn: The stomach of a calf, prepared for rennet. Halliwell.


KESS Kess, v. t. Defn: To kiss. [Obs.] Chaucer


KEST Kest, imp. Defn: of Cast. [Obs.]


KESTREL Kestrel, n. Etym: [See Castrel.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small, slender European hawk (Falco alaudarius), allied to the sparrow hawk. Its color is reddish fawn, streaked and spotted with white and black. Also called windhover and stannel. The name is also applied to other allied species. Note: This word is often used in contempt, as of a mean kind of hawk. Kites and kestrels have a resemblance with hawks. Bacon.


KET Ket, n. Etym: [Icel. kj?t flesh; akin to Sw. k?tt, Dan. kj?d.] Defn: Carrion; any filth. [Prob. Eng.] Halliwell.


KETA Keta, n. [Perh. of Amer. Indian origin.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) of inferior value, which in the autumn runs up all the larger rivers between San Francisco and Kamchatka.


KETCH Ketch, n. Etym: [Prob. corrupted fr. Turk. qaiq : cf. F. caiche. Cf. Ca?que.] (Naut.) Defn: An almost obsolete form of vessel, with a mainmast and a mizzenmast, -- usually from one hundred to two hundred and fifty tons burden. Bomb ketch. See under Bomb.


KETCH Ketch, n. Defn: A hangman. See Jack Ketch.


KETCH Ketch, v. t. Etym: [See Catch.] Defn: To catch. [Now obs. in spelling, and colloq. in pronunciation.] To ketch him at a vantage in his snares. Spenser.


KETCHUP Ketchup, n. Defn: A sauce. See Catchup.


KETINE Ketine, n. Etym: [See Ketone.] (Chem.) Defn: One of a series of organic bases obtained by the reduction of certain isonitroso compounds of the ketones. In general they are unstable oily substances having a pungent aromatic odor.


KETMIE Ket`mie, n. (Bot.) Defn: The name of certain African species of Hibiscus, cultivated for the acid of their mucilage. [Written also ketmia.]


KETOL Ketol, n. Etym: [Ketone + indol.] (Chem.) Defn: One of a series of series of complex nitrogenous substances, represented by methyl ketol and related to indol. Methyl ketol, a weak organic base, obtained as a white crystalline substance having the odor of f?ces.

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