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KABALA Kaba*la, n. Defn: See Cabala.


KABASSOU Ka*bassou, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Cabassou.


KABOB Ka*bob, n. & v. t. Defn: See Cabob, n. & v. t.


KABOOK Ka*book, n. (min.) Defn: A clay ironstone found in Ceylon.


KABYLE Ka*byle, n. Etym: [Ar. qabila.] (Ethnol.) Defn: A Berber, as in Algiers or Tunis. See Berber.


KADDER Kadder, n. Etym: [Cf. Caddow.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The jackdaw.


KADI; KADIASTER Kadi, Ka`di*aster, n. Defn: A Turkish judge. See Cadi.


KAFAL Ka*fal, n. (Bot.) Defn: The Arabian name of two trees of the genus Balsamodendron, which yield a gum resin and a red aromatic wood.


KAFFIR; KAFIR Kaffir, Kafir, n. Etym: [Ar. k infidel, pagan, fr. kafara to be skeptical in religious matters; -- a name given to certain infidel races by the Mohammedans. Cf. Giaour.] (Ethnol.) (a) One of a race which, with the Hottentots and Bushmen, inhabit South Africa. They inhabit the country north of Cape Colony, the name being now specifically applied to the tribes living between Cape Colony and Natal; but the Zulus of Natal are true Kaffirs. (b) One of a race inhabiting Kafiristan in Central Asia. [Spelt also Caffre.] Kaffir corn (Bot.), a Cape Colony name for Indian millet.


KAFFLE Kaffle, n. Defn: See Coffle.


KAFILAH Kafi*lah, n. Defn: See Cafila.


KAFTAN Kaftan, n & v. Defn: See Caftan.


KAGE Kage, n. Defn: A chantry chapel inclosed with lattice or screen work.


KAGU Kagu, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A singular, crested, grallatorial bird (Rhinochetos jubatus), native of New Caledonia. It is gray above, paler beneath, and the feathers of the wings and tail are handsomely barred with brown, black, and gray. It is allied to the sun bittern.


KAGUAN Ka`gu*an, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The colugo.


KAHANI Kahani, n. Defn: A kind of notary public, or attorney, in the Levant.


KAHAU Ka*hau, n. Etym: [Native name, from its cry.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A long-nosed monkey (Semnopithecus nasalis), native of Borneo. The general color of the body is bright chestnut, with the under parts, shoulders, and sides of the head, golden yellow, and the top of the head and upper part of the back brown. Called also proboscis monkey. [Written also kaha.]


KAIL Kail, n. 1. (Bot.) Defn: A kind of headless cabbage. Same as Kale, 1. 2. Any cabbage, greens, or vegetables. [OE. or Scot.] 3. A broth made with kail or other vegetables; hence, any broth; also, a dinner. [Scot.] Kail yard, a kitchen garden. [Scot.]


KAIMACAM Kai`ma*cam, n. Defn: Same as Caimacam.


KAIN Kain, n. (Scots Law) Defn: Poultry, etc., required by the lease to be paid in kind by a tenant to his landlord. Wharton (Law Dict.).


KAINIT Kainit, n. Etym: [Trade name, fr. kainite.] Defn: Salts of potassium used in the manufacture of fertilizers.


KAINITE Kainite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) Defn: A compound salt consisting chiefly of potassium chloride and magnesium sulphate, occurring at the Stassfurt salt mines in Prussian Saxony.


KAINOZOIC Kai`no*zoic, a. Defn: See Cenozoic.


KAIQUE Ka*ique, n. (Naut.) Defn: See Caique.


KAIRINE Kairine, n. (Chem.) Defn: A pale buff or white crystalline alkaloid derived from quinoline, and used as an antipyretic in medicine.


KAIROLINE Kai`ro*line, n. (Chem.) Defn: An organic base obtained from quinoline. It is used as a febrifuge, and resembles kairine.


KAISER Kaiser, n. Etym: [Gr., fr. L. Caesar. Cf. Kesar, and Czar.] Defn: The ancient title of emperors of Germany assumed by King William of Prussia when crowned sovereign of the new German empire in 1871.


KAKA Kaka, n. Etym: [Maori kaka a parrot; -- so named from its note.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A New Zealand parrot of the genus Nestor, especially the brown parrot (Nestor meridionalis). Note: The mountain kaka, or kea (N. notabilis), is remarkable for having recently acquired carnivorous habits. It attacks and kills lambs and pigs, sometimes doing great damage. Night kaka. (Zo?l.) The kakapo.


KAKAPO Ka`ka*po, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A singular nocturnal parrot (Strigops habroptilus), native of New Zealand. It lives in holes during the day, but is active at night. It resembles an owl in its colors and general appearance. It has large wings, but can fly only a short distance. Called also owl parrot, night parrot, and night kaka.


KAKARALLI Kak`a*ralli, n. Defn: A kind of wood common in Demerara, durable in salt water, because not subject to the depredations of the sea worm and barnacle.


KAKISTOCRACY Kak`is*tocra*cy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Government by the worst men.


KAKOXENE Ka*koxene, n. Defn: See Cacoxene.


KALAN Ka*lan, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The sea otter.


KALASIE Ka`la*sie, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A long-tailed monkey of Borneo (Semnopithecus rubicundus). It has a tuft of long hair on the head.


KALE Kale, n. Etym: [Scot. kale, kail, cale, colewort, Gael. cael; akin to Ir. cal, W. cawl, Armor. kaol. See Cole.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: A variety of cabbage in which the leaves do not form a head, being nearly the original or wild form of the species. [Written also kail, and cale.] 2. See Kail, 2. Sea kale (Bot.), a European cruciferous herb (Crambe maritima), often used as a pot herb; sea cabbage.


KALEEGE Ka*leege, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of several species of large, crested, Asiatic pheasants, belonging to the genus Euplocamus, and allied to the firebacks.


KALEIDOPHON; KALEIDOPHONE Ka*leido*phon, Ka*leido*phone, Etym: [Gr. (Physics.) Defn: An instrument invented by Professor Wheatstone, consisting of a reflecting knob at the end of a vibrating rod or thin plate, for making visible, in the motion of a point of light reflected from the knob, the paths or curves corresponding with the musical notes produced by the vibrations.


KALEIDOSCOPE Ka*leido*scope, n. Etym: [Gr. -scope.] Defn: An instrument invented by Sir David Brewster, which contains loose fragments of colored glass, etc., and reflecting surfaces so arranged that changes of position exhibit its contents in an endless variety of beautiful colors and symmetrical forms. It has been much employed in arts of design. Shifting like the fragments of colored glass in the kaleidoscope. G. W. Cable.


KALEIDOSCOPIC; KALEIDOSCOPICAL Ka*lei`do*scopic, Ka*lei`do*scopic*al, a. Defn: Of, pertaining to, or formed by, a kaleidoscope; variegated.


KALENDAR Kalen*dar, n. Defn: See Calendar.


KALENDARIAL Kal`en*dari*al, a. Defn: See Calendarial.


KALENDER Kalen*der, n. Defn: See 3d Calender.


KALENDS Kalends, n. Defn: Same as Calends.


KALI Kali, n. Etym: [Skr. kali.] (Hind. Cosmog.) Defn: The last and worst of the four ages of the world; -- considered to have begun B. C. 3102, and to last 432,000 years.


KALI Kali, n. Etym: [Skr. kali.] (Hind. Myth.) Defn: The black, destroying goddess; -- called also Doorga, Anna Purna.


KALI Kali, n. Etym: [Ar. qali. See Alkali.] (Bot.) Defn: The glasswort (Salsola Kali).


KALIF Kalif, n. Defn: See Caliph.


KALIFORM Kali*form, a. Etym: [Kali + -form.] Defn: Formed like kali, or glasswort.


KALIGENOUS Ka*lige*nous, a. Etym: [Kali + -genous. See Alkali.] Defn: Forming alkalies with oxygen, as some metals.


KALIUM Kali*um, n. Etym: [NL. See Kali.] (Chem.) Defn: Potassium; -- so called by the German chemists.


KALKI Kalki, n. Etym: [Skr.] Defn: The name of Vishnu in his tenth and last avatar. Whitworth.


KALMIA Kalmi*a, n. Etym: [NL. Named in honor of Peter Kalm, a Swedish botanist.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of North American shrubs with poisonous evergreen foliage and corymbs of showy flowers. Called also mountain laurel, ivy bush, lamb kill, calico bush, etc.


KALMUCK Kalmuck, n. 1. pl. (Ethnol.) Defn: See Calmucks. 2. A kind of shaggy cloth, resembling bearskin. 3. A coarse, dyed, cotton cloth, made in Prussia.


KALONG Ka*long, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A fruit bat, esp. the Indian edible fruit bat (Pteropus edulis).


KALOYER Ka*loyer, n. Defn: See Caloyer.


KALPA Kalpa, n. Etym: [Skr.] (Hind. Myth.) Defn: One of the Brahmanic eons, a period of 4,320,000,000 years. At the end of each Kalpa the world is annihilated.


KALSOMINE Kalso*mine, n. & v. t. Defn: Same as Calcimine.


KAM Kam, a. Etym: [From Celtic; cf. Gael., Ir., & W. cam. Cf. Jamb, n.] Defn: Crooked; awry. [Obs.] This is clean kam. Shak.


KAMA Kama, n. Etym: [Skr. kama love, the god of love.] Defn: The Hindoo Cupid. He is represented as a beautiful youth, with a bow of sugar cane or flowers.


KAMALA Ka*mala, n. (Bot.) Defn: The red dusty hairs of the capsules of an East Indian tree (Mallotus Philippinensis) used for dyeing silk. It is violently emetic, and is used in the treatment of tapeworm. [Written also kameela.]


KAME Kame, n. Defn: A low ridge. [Scot.] See Eschar.


KAMI Kami, n. pl. Etym: [Japanese.] Defn: A title given to the celestial gods of the first mythical dynasty of Japan and extended to the demigods of the second dynasty, and then to the long line of spiritual princes still represented by the mikado.


KAMICHI Kami*chi, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A curious South American bird (Anhima, or Palamedea, cornuta), often domesticated by the natives and kept with poultry, which it defends against birds of prey. It has a long, slender, hornlike ornament on its head, and two sharp spurs on each wing. Although its beak, feet, and legs resemble those of gallinaceous birds, it is related in anatomical characters to the ducks and geese (Anseres). Called also horned screamer. The name is sometimes applied also to the chaja. See Chaja, and Screamer.


KAMPTULICON Kamp*tuli*con, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A kind of elastic floor cloth, made of India rubber, gutta- percha, linseed oil, and powdered cork.


KAMPYLITE Kampy*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) Defn: A variety of mimetite or arseniate of lead in hexagonal prisms of a fine orange yellow. [Written also campylite.]


KAMSIN; KHAMSIN Kam*sin, Kham*sin, n. Etym: [Ar. khamsin, fr. khamsun, oblique case khamsin, fifty; -- so called because it blows for about fifty days, from April till June.] Defn: A hot southwesterly wind in Egypt, coming from the Sahara. [Written also Khamseen.]


KAMTSCHADALES Kamtscha*dales, n. pl. (Ethnol.) Defn: An aboriginal tribe inhabiting the southern part of Kamtschatka.


KAN Kan, v. t. Defn: To know; to ken. [Obs.] See Ken.


KAN Kan, n. Defn: See Khan.


KANACKA; KANAKA Ka*nacka, Ka*naka, n. Etym: [Native name, prop., a man.] Defn: A native of the Sandwich Islands.


KANCHIL Kanchil, n. Etym: [Malay canchil.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small chevrotain of the genus Tragulus, esp. T. pygm?us, or T. kanchil, inhabiting Java, Sumatra, and adjacent islands; a deerlet. It is noted for its agility and cunning.


KAND Kand, n. (Mining) Defn: Fluor spar; -- so called by Cornish miners.


KANGAROO Kanga*roo, n. Etym: [Said to be the native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any one of numerous species of jumping marsupials of the family Macropodid?. They inhabit Australia, New Guinea, and adjacent islands, They have long and strong hind legs and a large tail, while the fore legs are comparatively short and feeble. The giant kangaroo (Macropus major) is the largest species, sometimes becoming twelve or fourteen feet in total length. The tree kangaroos, belonging to the genus Dendrolagus, live in trees; the rock kangaroos, of the genus Petrogale, inhabit rocky situations; and the brush kangaroos, of the genus Halmaturus, inhabit wooded districts. See Wallaby. Kangaroo apple (Bot.), the edible fruit of the Tasmanian plant Solanum aviculare. -- Kangaroo grass (Bot.), a perennial Australian forage grass (Anthistiria australis). -- Kangaroo hare (Zo?l.), the jerboa kangaroo. See under Jerboa. -- Kangaroo mouse. (Zo?l.) See Jumping mouse, under Jumping. -- Kangaroo rat (Zo?l.), the potoroo.


KANSAS Kansas, n. pl. (Ethnol.) Defn: A tribe of Indians allied to the Winnebagoes and Osages. They formerly inhabited the region which is now the State of Kansas, but were removed to the Indian Territory.


KANTIAN Kanti*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Immanuel Kant, the German philosopher; conformed or relating to any or all of the philosophical doctrines of Immanuel Kant.


KANTIAN Kanti*an, n. Defn: A follower of Kant; a Kantist.


KANTIANISM; KANTISM Kanti*an*ism, Kantism, n. Defn: The doctrine or theory of Kant; the Kantian philosophy.


KANTIST Kantist n. Defn: A disciple or follower of Kant.


KANTTRY Kanttry, n. Defn: Same as Cantred.


KAOLIN; KAOLINE Kao*lin, Kao*line, n. Etym: [Chin. kao-ling.] (Min.) Defn: A very pure white clay, ordinarily in the form of an impalpable powder, and used to form the paste of porcelain; China clay; porcelain clay. It is chiefly derived from the decomposition of common feldspar. Note: The name is now applied to all porcelain clays which endure the fire without discoloration.


KAOLINIZATION Ka`o*lin`i*zation, n. Defn: The process by which feldspar is changed into kaolin.


KAOLINIZE Kao*lin*ize, v. t. Defn: To convert into kaolin.


KAPELLE Ka*pelle, n. Etym: [G.] (Mus.) Defn: A chapel; hence, the choir or orchestra of a prince's chapel; now, a musical establishment, usually orchestral. Grove.


KAPELLMEISTER Ka*pellmeis`ter, n. Etym: [G.] (Mus.) Defn: See Capellmeister.


KAPIA Kapi*a, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Min.) Defn: The fossil resin of the kauri tree of New Zealand.


KAPNOMAR Kapno*mar, n. Chem. Defn: ) See Capnomor.


KAPOK Ka*pok, n. [Prob. fr. the native name.] (Bot.) Defn: A silky wool derived from the seeds of Ceiba pentandra (syn. Eriodendron anfractuosum), a bombaceous tree of the East and West Indies.


KARAGANE Kara*gane, n. Etym: [Russ. karagan'] (Zo?l.) Defn: A species of gray fox found in Russia.


KARAISM Kara*ism, n. Defn: Doctrines of the Karaites.


KARAITE Kara*ite, n. Etym: [Heb.qara to read.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: A sect of Jews who adhere closely to the letter of the Scriptures, rejecting the oral law, and allowing the Talmud no binding authority; -- opposed to the Rabbinists.


KARAKUL Ka`ra*kul, n. [Russ. karakul' curly fleece of Bokhara and Khiva sheep.] Defn: Astrakhan, esp. in fine grades. Cf. Caracul.


KARATAS Ka*ratas, n. (Bot.) Defn: A West Indian plant of the Pineapple family (Nidularium Karatas).


KARMA Karma, n. Etym: [Skr.] (Buddhism) Defn: One's acts considered as fixing one's lot in the future existence. (Theos.) The doctrine of fate as the inflexible result of cause and effect; the theory of inevitable consequence.


KARMATHIAN Kar*mathi*an, n. Defn: One of a Mohammedan sect founded in the ninth century by Karmat.


KARN Karn, n. Etym: [Cornish. Cf. Cairn.] (Mining) Defn: A pile of rocks; sometimes, the solid rock. See Cairn.


KAROB Karob, n. Etym: [Cf. Carat.] Defn: The twenty-fourth part of a grain; -- a weight used by goldsmiths. Crabb.


KAROSS Ka*ross, n. [Native name.] Defn: A native garment or rug of skin sewed together in the form of a square. [South Africa] The wants of a native . . . are confined to a kaross (skin cloak) or some pieces of cotton cloth. James Bryce.


KARPHOLITE Karpho*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite: cf. F. carpholithe.] (Min.) Defn: A fibrous mineral occurring in tufts of a straw-yellow color. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and manganese.


KARROO Kar*roo, n.; pl. Karroos (. Defn: One of the dry table-lands of South Africa, which often rise terracelike to considerable elevations. [Also karoo.] The Great Karroo, or The Karroo, a vast plateau, in Cape Colony, stretching through five degrees of longitude, at an elevation of about 3,000 feet.


KARSTENITE Karsten*ite, n. Defn: Same as Anhydrite.

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