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IAMB Iamb, n. Etym: [Cf. F. iambe. See Lambus.] Defn: An iambus or iambic. [R.]


IAMBIC I*ambic, a. Etym: [L. iambicus, Gr. iambique.] 1. (Pros.) Defn: Consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented; as, an iambic foot. 2. Pertaining to, or composed of, iambics; as, an iambic verse; iambic meter. See Lambus.


IAMBIC I*ambic, n. 1. (Pros.) (a) An iambic foot; an iambus. (b) A verse composed of iambic feet. Note: The following couplet consists of iambic verses. Thy gen- | ius calls | thee not | to pur- | chase fame In keen | iam- | bics, but | mild an- | agram. Dryden. 2. A satirical poem (such poems having been anciently written in iambic verse); a satire; a lampoon.


IAMBICAL I*ambic*al, a. Defn: Iambic. [Obs. or R.]


IAMBICALLY I*ambic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In a iambic manner; after the manner of iambics.


IAMBIZE I*ambize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. Defn: To satirize in iambics; to lampoon. [R.]


IAMBUS I*ambus, n.; pl. L. Iambi, E. Iambuses. Etym: [L. iambus, Gr. jacere to throw. Cf. Jet a shooting forth.] (Pros.) Defn: A foot consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, as in ?mans, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one, as invent; an iambic. See the Couplet under Iambic, n.


IANTHINA I*anthi*na, n.; pl. L. Ianthin?, E. Ianthinas. Etym: [NL., fr. L. ianthinus violet-blue, Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any gastropod of the genus Ianthina, of which various species are found living in mid ocean; -- called also purple shell, and violet snail. [Written also janthina.] Note: It floats at the surface by means of a raft, which it constructs by forming and uniting together air bubbles of hardened mucus. The Tyrian purple of the ancients was obtained in part from mollusks of this genus.


IATRALIPTIC I*a`tra*liptic, a. Etym: [Gr. iatraliptique.] Defn: Treating diseases by anointing and friction; as, the iatraliptic method. [Written also iatroleptic.]


IATRIC; IATRICAL I*atric, I*atric*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to medicine, or to medical men.


IATROCHEMICAL I*a`tro*chemic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to iatrochemistry, or to the iatrochemists.


IATROCHEMIST I*a`tro*chemist, n. Etym: [Gr. chemist.] Defn: A physician who explained or treated diseases upon chemical principles; one who practiced iatrochemistry.


IATROCHEMISTRY I*a`tro*chemis*try, n. Defn: Chemistry applied to, or used in, medicine; -- used especially with reference to the doctrines in the school of physicians in Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that health depends upon the proper chemical relations of the fluids of the body, and who endeavored to explain the conditions of health or disease by chemical principles.


IATROMATHEMATICAL I*a`tro*math`e*matic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to iatromathematicians or their doctrine.


IATROMATHEMATICIAN I*a`tro*math`e*ma*tician, n. Etym: [Gr. mathematician.] (Hist. Med.) Defn: One of a school of physicians in Italy, about the middle of the 17th century, who tried to apply the laws of mechanics and mathematics to the human body, and hence were eager student of anatomy; -- opposed to the iatrochemists.


IBERIAN I*beri*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Iberia.


IBEX Ibex, n.; pl. E. Ibexes, L. Ibices. Etym: [L., a kind of goat, the chamois.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of several species of wild goats having very large, recurved horns, transversely ridged in front; -- called also steinbok. Note: The Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) is the best known. The Spanish, or Pyrenean, ibex (C. Hispanica) has smoother and more spreading horns.


IBIDEM I*bidem, adv. Etym: [L.] Defn: In the same place; -- abbreviated ibid. or ib.


IBIS Ibis, n. Etym: [L. ibis, Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any bird of the genus Ibis and several allied genera, of the family Ibid?, inhabiting both the Old World and the New. Numerous species are known. They are large, wading birds, having a long, curved beak, and feed largely on reptiles. Note: The sacred ibis of the ancient Egyptians (Ibis ?thiopica) has the head and neck black, without feathers. The plumage of the body and wings is white, except the tertiaries, which are lengthened and form a dark purple plume. In ancient times this bird was extensively domesticated in Egypt, but it is now seldom seen so far north. The glossy ibis (Plegadis autumnalis), which is widely distributed both in the Old World and the New, has the head and neck feathered, except between the eyes and bill; the scarlet ibis (Guara rubra) and the white ibis (G. alba) inhabit the West Indies and South America, and are rarely found in the United States. The wood ibis (Tantalus loculator) of America belongs to the Stork family (Ciconid?). See Wood ibis. -IBLE -i*ble Defn: . See -able.


IBSENISM Ibsen*ism, n. Defn: The dramatic practice or purpose characteristic of the writings of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian poet and dramatist, whose best-known plays deal with conventional hypocrisies, the story in each play thus developing a definite moral problem. -IC -ic. Etym: [L. -icus, Gr. ique.] 1. A suffix signifying, in general, relating to, or characteristic of; as, historic, hygienic, telegraphic, etc. 2. (Chem.) Defn: A suffix, denoting that the element indicated enters into certain compounds with its highest valence, or with a valence relatively higher than in compounds where the name of the element ends in -ous; as, ferric, sulphuric. It is also used in the general sense of pertaining to; as, hydric, sodic, calcic.


ICARIAN I*cari*an, a. Etym: [L. Icarius, Gr. Defn: Soaring too high for safety, like Icarus; adventurous in flight.


ICE Ice, n. Etym: [OE. is, iis, AS. is; aksin to D. ijs, G. eis, OHG. is, Icel. iss, Sw. is, Dan. iis, and perh. to E. iron.] 1. Water or other fluid frozen or reduced to the solid state by cold; frozen water. It is a white or transparent colorless substance, crystalline, brittle, and viscoidal. Its specific gravity (0.92, that of water at 4? C. being 1.0) being less than that of water, ice floats. Note: Water freezes at 32? F. or 0? Cent., and ice melts at the same temperature. Ice owes its cooling properties to the large amount of heat required to melt it. 2. Concreted sugar. Johnson. 3. Water, cream, custard, etc., sweetened, flavored, and artificially frozen. 4. Any substance having the appearance of ice; as, camphor ice. Anchor ice, ice which sometimes forms about stones and other objects at the bottom of running or other water, and is thus attached or anchored to the ground. -- Bay ice, ice formed in bays, fiords, etc., often in extensive fields which drift out to sea. -- Ground ice, anchor ice. -- Ice age (Geol.), the glacial epoch or period. See under Glacial. -- Ice anchor (Naut.), a grapnel for mooring a vessel to a field of ice. Kane. -- Ice blink Etym: [Dan. iisblink], a streak of whiteness of the horizon, caused by the reflection of light from ice not yet in sight. -- Ice boat. (a) A boat fitted with skates or runners, and propelled on ice by sails; an ice yacht. (b) A strong steamboat for breaking a channel through ice. -- Ice box or chest, a box for holding ice; a box in which things are kept cool by means of ice; a refrigerator. -- Ice brook, a brook or stream as cold as ice. [Poetic] Shak. -- Ice cream Etym: [for iced cream], cream, milk, or custard, sweetened, flavored, and frozen. -- Ice field, an extensive sheet of ice. -- Ice float, Ice floe, a sheet of floating ice similar to an ice field, but smaller. -- Ice foot, shore ice in Arctic regions; an ice belt. Kane. -- Ice house, a close-covered pit or building for storing ice. -- Ice machine (Physics), a machine for making ice artificially, as by the production of a low temperature through the sudden expansion of a gas or vapor, or the rapid evaporation of a volatile liquid. -- Ice master. See Ice pilot (below). -- Ice pack, an irregular mass of broken and drifting ice. -- Ice paper, a transparent film of gelatin for copying or reproducing; papier glac?. -- Ice petrel (Zo?l.), a shearwater (Puffinus gelidus) of the Antarctic seas, abundant among floating ice. -- Ice pick, a sharp instrument for breaking ice into small pieces. -- Ice pilot, a pilot who has charge of a vessel where the course is obstructed by ice, as in polar seas; -- called also ice master. -- Ice pitcher, a pitcher adapted for ice water. -- Ice plow, a large tool for grooving and cutting ice. ice sculpture = a sculpture carved from a block of ice, often used for decorating restaurants. ice show an entertainment consisting of ice skaters performing figure-skating on a sheet of ice, usually in an arena, often accompanied by music. -- Ice sludge, bay ice broken small by the wind or waves; sludge. -- Ice spar (Min.), a variety of feldspar, the crystals of which are very clear like ice; rhyacolite. -- Ice tongs, large iron nippers for handling ice. -- Ice water. (a) Water cooled by ice. (b) Water formed by the melting of ice. -- Ice yacht. See Ice boat (above). -- To break the ice. See under Break. -- Water ice, a confection consisting of water sweetened, flavored, and frozen.


ICE Ice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Iced; p. pr. & vb. n. Icing.] 1. To cover with ice; to convert into ice, or into something resembling ice. 2. To cover with icing, or frosting made of sugar and milk or white of egg; to frost, as cakes, tarts, etc. 3. To chill or cool, as with ice; to freeze.


ICE PLANT Ice plant`. (Bot.) Defn: A plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum), sprinkled with pellucid, watery vesicles, which glisten like ice. It is native along the Mediterranean, in the Canaries, and in South Africa. Its juice is said to be demulcent and diuretic; its ashes are used in Spain in making glass. Ice-skater = one who skates on ice wearing an ice skate; esp. an athlete who performs athletic or artistic movements on a sheet of ice, wearing ice skates; including speed skater and figure skater


ICE-BUILT Ice-built`, a. 1. Composed of ice. 2. Loaded with ice. Ice-built mountains. Gray.


ICEBERG Iceberg`, n. Etym: [Prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. iisbierg, Sw. isberg, properly, a mountain of ice. See Ice, and Berg.] Defn: A large mass of ice, generally floating in the ocean. Note: Icebergs are large detached portions of glaciers, which in cold regions often project into the sea.


ICEBIRD Icebird`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: An Arctic sea bird, as the Arctic fulmar.


ICEBOUND Icebound`, a. Defn: Totally surrounded with ice, so as to be incapable of advancing; as, an icebound vessel; also, surrounded by or fringed with ice so as to hinder easy access; as, an icebound coast.


ICED Iced, a. 1. Covered with ice; chilled with ice; as, iced water. 2. Covered with something resembling ice, as sugar icing; frosted; as, iced cake. Iced cream. Same as Ice cream, under Ice.


ICEFALL Icefall`, n. Defn: A frozen waterfall, or mass of ice resembling a frozen waterfall. Coleridge.


ICELAND MOSS Iceland moss`. (Bot.) Defn: A kind of lichen (Cetraria Icelandica) found from the Arctic regions to the North Temperate zone. It furnishes a nutritious jelly and other forms of food, and is used in pulmonary complaints as a demulcent.


ICELAND SPAR Iceland spar`. (Min.) Defn: A transparent variety of calcite, the best of which is obtained in Iceland. It is used for the prisms of the polariscope, because of its strong double refraction. Cf. Calcite.


ICELANDER Iceland*er, n. Defn: A native, or one of the Scandinavian people, of Iceland.


ICELANDIC Ice*landic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Iceland; relating to, or resembling, the Icelanders.


ICELANDIC Ice*landic, n. Defn: The language of the Icelanders. It is one of the Scandinavian group, and is more nearly allied to the Old Norse than any other language now spoken.


ICEMAN Iceman, n.; pl. Icemen (. 1. A man who is skilled in traveling upon ice, as among glaciers. 2. One who deals in ice; one who retails or delivers ice.


ICEQUAKE Icequake`, n. Defn: The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.


ICH Ich, pron. Defn: I. [Obs.] Chaucer. Note: In the Southern dialect of Early English this is the regular form. Cf. Ik.


ICHNEUMON Ich*neumon, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any carnivorous mammal of the genus Herpestes, and family Viverrid?. Numerous species are found in Asia and Africa. The Egyptian species(H. ichneumon), which ranges to Spain and Palestine, is noted for destroying the eggs and young of the crocodile as well as various snakes and lizards, and hence was considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians. The common species of India (H. griseus), known as the mongoose, has similar habits and is often domesticated. It is noted for killing the cobra. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any hymenopterous insect of the family Ichneumonid?, of which several thousand species are known, belonging to numerous genera. Note: The female deposits her eggs upon, or in, the bodies of other insects, such as caterpillars, plant lice, etc. The larva lives upon the internal tissues of the insect in which it is parasitic, and finally kills it. Hence, many of the species are beneficial to agriculture by destroying noxious insects. Ichneumon fly. See Ichneumon, 2.


ICHNEUMONIDAN Ich`neu*moni*dan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Ichneumonid?, or ichneumon flies. -- n. Defn: One of the Ichneumonid?.


ICHNEUMONIDES Ich`neu*moni*des, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Ichneumon.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The ichneumon flies.


ICHNITE Ichnite, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A fossil footprint; as, the ichnites in the Triassic sandstone. Page.


ICHNOGRAPHIC; ICHNOGRAPHICAL Ich`no*graphic, Ich`no*graphic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. ichonographique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to ichonography; describing a ground plot.


ICHNOGRAPHY Ich*nogra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. ichonographie.] (Drawing) Defn: A horizontal section of a building or other object, showing its true dimensions according to a geometric scale; a ground plan; a map; also, the art of making such plans.


ICHNOLITE Ichno*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite.] Defn: A fossil footprint; an ichnite.


ICHNOLITHOLOGY Ich`no*li*tholo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -lith + -logy.] Defn: Same as Ichnology. Hitchcock.


ICHNOLOGICAL Ich`no*logic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to ichnology.


ICHNOLOGY Ich*nolo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] (Geol.) Defn: The branch of science which treats of fossil footprints.


ICHNOSCOPY Ich*nosco*py, n. Etym: [Gr. -scopy.] Defn: The search for the traces of anything. [R.]


ICHOR Ichor, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. ichor.] 1. (Class. Myth.) Defn: An ethereal fluid that supplied the place of blood in the veins of the gods. 2. A thin, acrid, watery discharge from an ulcer, wound, etc.


ICHORHAEMIA I`chor*h?mi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Infection of the blood with ichorous or putrid substances.


ICHOROUS Ichor*ous, a. Etym: [Cf. F. ichoreux.] Defn: Of or like ichor; thin; watery; serous; sanious.


ICHTHIDIN Ichthi*din, n. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A substance from the egg yolk of osseous fishes.


ICHTHIN Ichthin, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A nitrogenous substance resembling vitellin, present in the egg yolk of cartilaginous fishes.


ICHTHULIN Ichthu*lin, n. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A substance from the yolk of salmon's egg.


ICHTHUS Ichthus, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: In early Christian and eccesiastical art, an emblematic fish, or the Greek word for fish, which combined the initials of the Greek words


ICHTHYIC Ichthy*ic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Like, or pertaining to, fishes.


ICHTHYOCOL; ICHTHYOCOLLA Ichthy*o*col, Ich`thy*o*colla, n. Etym: [L. ichthyocolla, Gr. ichthyocolle.] Defn: Fish glue; isinglass; a glue prepared from the sounds of certain fishes.


ICHTHYOCOPROLITE Ich`thy*o*copro*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. coprolite.] (Geol.) Defn: Fossil dung of fishes.


ICHTHYODORULITE Ich`thy*o*doru*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the spiny plates foundon the back and tail of certain skates.


ICHTHYOGRAPHY Ich`thy*ogra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. graphy: cf. F. ichthyographie.] Defn: A treatise on fishes.


ICHTHYOID; ICHTHYOIDAL Ichthy*oid, Ich`thy*oidal, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Somewhat like a fish; having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some amphibians.


ICHTHYOL Ichthy*ol, n. [Gr. , , a fish + (prob.) L. oleum oil; but cf. Ichthyolite.] (Chem.) Defn: An oily substance prepared by the dry distillation of a bituminous mineral containing fossil fishes. It is used in medicine as a remedy in some forms of skin diseases.


ICHTHYOLATRY Ich`thy*ola*try, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped idols. Layard.


ICHTHYOLITE Ichthy*o*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite.] (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil fish, or fragment of a fish.


ICHTHYOLOGIC; ICHTHYOLOGICAL Ich`thy*o*logic, Ich`thy*o*logic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. ichthyologique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to ichthyology.


ICHTHYOLOGIST Ich`thy*olo*gist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. ichthyologiste.] Defn: One versed in, or who studies, ichthyology.


ICHTHYOLOGY Ich`thy*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy: cf. F. ichthyologie.] Defn: The natural history of fishes; that branch of zo?logy which relates to fishes, including their structure, classification, and habits.


ICHTHYOMANCY Ichthy*o*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. ichthyomancie.] Defn: Divination by the heads or the entrails of fishes.


ICHTHYOMORPHA Ich`thy*o*morpha, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The Urodela.


ICHTHYOMORPHIC; ICHTHYOMORPHOUS Ich`thy*o*morphic, Ich`thy*o*morphous, a. Etym: [See Ichthyomorpha.] Defn: Fish-shaped; as, the ichthyomorphic idols of ancient Assyria.


ICHTHYOPHAGIST Ich`thy*opha*gist, n. Etym: [See Ichthyophagous.] Defn: One who eats, or subsists on, fish.


ICHTHYOPHAGOUS Ich`thy*opha*gous, a. Etym: [L. ichthyophagus, Gr. Defn: Eating, or subsisting on, fish.


ICHTHYOPHAGY Ich`thy*opha*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. ichthyophagie.] Defn: The practice of eating, or living upon, fish.


ICHTHYOPHTHALMITE Ich`thy*oph*thalmite, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: See Apophyllite. [R.]


ICHTHYOPHTHIRA Ich`thy*oph*thira, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of copepod crustaceans, including numerous species parasitic on fishes.


ICHTHYOPSIDA Ich`thy*opsi*da, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A grand division of the Vertebrata, including the Amphibia and Fishes.


ICHTHYOPTERYGIA Ich`thy*op`te*rygi*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Ichthyopterygium.] (Paleon.) Defn: See Ichthyosauria.


ICHTHYOPTERYGIUM Ich`thy*op`te*rygi*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) Defn: The typical limb, or lateral fin, of fishes.


ICHTHYORNIS Ich`thy*ornis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: An extinct genus of toothed birds found in the American Cretaceous formation. It is remarkable for having biconcave vertebr?, and sharp, conical teeth set in sockets. Its wings were well developed. It is the type of the order Odontotorm?.


ICHTHYOSAUR Ichthy*o*saur, n. Etym: [Cf. F. ichthyosaure.] (Paleon.) Defn: One of the Ichthyosaura.


ICHTHYOSAURIA Ich`thy*o*sauri*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Ichthyosaurus.] (Paleon.) Defn: An extinct order of marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied forms; -- called also Ichthyopterygia. They have not been found later than the Cretaceous period.


ICHTHYOSAURIAN Ich`thy*o*sauri*an, a. (Paleon.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Ichthyosauria. -- n. Defn: One of the Ichthyosauria.


ICHTHYOSAURUS Ich`thy*o*saurus, n.; pl. Ichthyosauri. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + say^ros a lizard.] (Paleon.) Defn: An extinct genus of marine reptiles; -- so named from their short, biconcave vertebr?, resembling those of fishes. Several species, varying in length from ten to thirty feet, are known from the Liassic, O?litic, and Cretaceous formations.


ICHTHYOSIS Ich`thy*osis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: A disease in which the skin is thick, rough, and scaly; -- called also fishskin. -- Ich`thy*otic, a.


ICHTHYOTOMIST Ich`thy*oto*mist, n. Defn: One skilled in ichthyotomy.


ICHTHYOTOMY Ich`thy*oto*my, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The anatomy or dissection of fishes. [R.]


ICHTHYS Ichthys, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. Defn: Same as Ichthus.


ICICLE Ici*cle, n. Etym: [OE. isikel, AS. isgicel; is ice + gicel icicle; akin to Icel. j?kull; cf. Gael. eigh ice, Ir. aigh.] Defn: A pendent, and usually conical, mass of ice, formed by freezing of dripping water; as, the icicles on the eaves of a house.


ICICLED Ici*cled, a. Defn: Having icicles attached.


ICILY Ici*ly, adv. Defn: In an icy manner; coldly. Faultily faultless, icily regular, splendidly null, Dead perfection, no more. Tennyson.


ICINESS Ici*ness, n. Defn: The state or quality of being icy or very cold; frigidity.


ICING Icing, n. Defn: A coating or covering resembling ice, as of sugar and milk or white of egg; frosting.


ICKLE Ickle, n. Etym: [OE. ikil. See Icicle.] Defn: An icicle. [Prov. Eng.]


ICON Icon, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: An image or representation; a portrait or pretended portrait. Netherlands whose names and icons are published. Hakewill.


ICONICAL I*conic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or consisting of, images, pictures, or representations of any kind.


ICONISM Icon*ism, n. Etym: [L. iconismus, Gr. iconisme.] Defn: The formation of a figure, representation, or semblance; a delineation or description. Some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit iconisms. Cudworth.


ICONIZE Icon*ize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. Defn: To form an image or likeness of. [R.] Cudworth.


ICONOCLASM I*cono*clasm, n. Etym: [Cf. F. iconoclasme. See Iconoclast.] Defn: The doctrine or practice of the iconoclasts; image breaking.


ICONOCLAST I*cono*clast, n. Etym: [Gr. iconoclaste.] 1. A breaker or destroyer of images or idols; a determined enemy of idol worship. 2. One who exposes or destroys impositions or shams; one who attacks cherished beliefs; a radical.

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