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GAB Gab, n. Etym: [OE. gabbe gabble, mocking, fr. Icel. gabb mocking, mockery, or OF. gab, gabe; perh. akin to E. gape, or gob. Cf. Gab, v. i., Gibber.] Defn: The mouth; hence, idle prate; chatter; unmeaning talk; loquaciousness. [Colloq.] Gift of gab, facility of expression. [Colloq.]


GAB Gab, v. i. Etym: [OE. gabben to jest, lie, mock, deceive, fr. Icel. gabba to mock, or OF. gaber. See 2d Gab, and cf. Gabble.] 1. To deceive; to lie. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. To talk idly; to prate; to chatter. Holinshed.


GABARAGE Gabar*age, n. Defn: A kind of coarse cloth for packing goods. [Obs.]


GABARDINE; GABERDINE Gab`ar*dine, Gab`er*dine (, n. Etym: [Sp. gabardina; cf. It. gavardina, OF. galvardine, calvardine, gavardine, galeverdine; perh. akin to Sp. & OF. gaban a sort of cloak or coat for rainy weather, F. caban great coat with a hood and sleeves, It. gabbano and perh. to E. cabin.] Defn: A coarse frock or loose upper garment formerly worn by Jews; a mean dress. Shak.


GABBER Gabber, n. 1. A liar; a deceiver. [Obs.] 2. One addicted to idle talk.


GABBLE Gabble, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Gabbled; p. pr. & vb. n. Gabbling.] Etym: [Freq. of gab. See Gab, v. i.] 1. To talk fast, or to talk without meaning; to prate; to jabber. Shak. 2. To utter inarticulate sounds with rapidity; as, gabbling fowls. Dryden.


GABBLE Gabble, n. 1. Loud or rapid talk without meaning. Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud Among the builders. Milton. 2. Inarticulate sounds rapidly uttered; as of fowls.


GABBLER Gabbler, n. Defn: One who gabbles; a prater.


GABBRO Gabbro, n. Etym: [It.] (Geol.) Defn: A name originally given by the Italians to a kind of serpentine, later to the rock called euphotide, and now generally used for a coarsely crystalline, igneous rock consisting of lamellar pyroxene (diallage) and labradorite, with sometimes chrysolite (olivine gabbro).


GABEL Gabel, n. Etym: [F. gabelle, LL. gabella, gabulum, gablum; of uncertain origin. Cf.Gavel tribute.] (O. Eng. Law) Defn: A rent, service, tribute, custom, tax, impost, or duty; an excise. Burrill. He enables St. Peter to pay his gabel by the ministry of a fish. Jer. Taylor.


GABELER Gabel*er, n. (O. Eng. Law) Defn: A collector of gabels or taxes.


GABELLE Ga`belle, n. Etym: [F. See Gabel.] Defn: A tax, especially on salt. [France] Brande & C.


GABELLEMAN Ga*belleman, n. Defn: A gabeler. Carlyle.


GABER-LUNZIE Gaber-lun`zie, n. Etym: [Gael. gabair talker + lunndair idler.] Defn: A beggar with a wallet; a licensed beggar. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


GABERDINE Gab`er*dine, n. Defn: See Gabardine.


GABERT Gabert, n. Etym: [Cf.F.gabare, Arm. kobar, gobar.] Defn: A lighter, or vessel for inland navigation. [Scot.] Jamieson.


GABION Gabi*on, n.Etym: [F., from It. gabbione a large cage, gabion, from gabbia cage, L. cavea. See Cage.] 1. (Fort.) Defn: A hollow cylinder of wickerwork, like a basket without a bottom. Gabions are made of various sizes, and filled with earth in building fieldworks to shelter men from an enemy's fire. 2. (Hydraul. Engin.) Defn: An openwork frame, as of poles, filled with stones and sunk, to assist in forming a bar dyke, etc., as in harbor improvement.


GABIONADE Ga`bi*on*ade, n. Etym: [F. gabionnade.] 1. (Fort.) Defn: A traverse made with gabions between guns or on their flanks, protecting them from enfilading fire. 2. A structure of gabions sunk in lines, as a core for a sand bar in harbor improvements.


GABIONAGE Gabi*on*age, n. Etym: [F. gabionnage.] (Mil.) Defn: The part of a fortification built of gabions.


GABIONED Gabi*oned, p. a. Defn: Furnished with gabions.


GABIONNADE Ga`bion`nade, n. Defn: See Gabionade.


GABLE Gable, n. Defn: A cable. [Archaic] Chapman.


GABLE Gable, n. Etym: [OE. gable, gabil, F. gable, fr. LL. gabalum front of a building, prob. of German or Scand. origin; cf. OHG. gibil, G. giebel gable, Icel. gafl, Goth. gibla pinnacle; perh. akin to Gr. cephalic, or to G. gabel fork, AS. geafl, E. gaffle, L. gabalus a kind of gallows.] (Arch.) (a) The vertical triangular portion of the end of a building, from the level of the cornice or eaves to the ridge of the roof. Also, a similar end when not triangular in shape, as of a gambrel roof and the like. Hence: (b) The end wall of a building, as distinguished from the front or rear side. (c) A decorative member having the shape of a triangular gable, such as that above a Gothic arch in a doorway. Bell gable. See under Bell. -- Gable roof, a double sloping roof which forms a gable at each end. -- Gable wall. Same as Gable (b). -- Gable window, a window in a gable.


GABLET Gablet, n. (Arch.) Defn: A small gable, or gable-shaped canopy, formed over a tabernacle, niche, etc.


GABLOCK Gablock, n. Etym: [See Gavelock.] Defn: A false spur or gaff, fitted on the heel of a gamecock. Wright.


GABY Gaby, n. Etym: [Icel. gapi a rash, reckless man. Cf. Gafe.] Defn: A simpleton; a dunce; a lout. [Colloq.]


GAD Gad, n. Etym: [OE. gad, Icel. gaddr goad, sting; akin to Sw. gadd sting, Goth. gazds, G. gerte switch. See Yard a measure.] 1. The point of a spear, or an arrowhead. 2. A pointed or wedge-shaped instrument of metal, as a steel wedge used in mining, etc. I will go get a leaf of brass, And with a gad of steel will write these words. Shak. 3. A sharp-pointed rod; a goad. 4. A spike on a gauntlet; a gadling. Fairholt. 5. A wedge-shaped billet of iron or steel. [Obs.] Flemish steel . . . some in bars and some in gads. Moxon. 6. A rod or stick, as a fishing rod, a measuring rod, or a rod used to drive cattle with. [Prov. Eng. Local, U.S.] Halliwell. Bartlett. Upon the gad, upon the spur of the moment; hastily. [Obs.] All this done upon the gad! Shak.


GAD Gad, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Gadded; p. pr. & vb. n. Gadding.] Etym: [Prob. fr. gad, n., and orig. meaning to drive about.] Defn: To walk about; to rove or go about, without purpose; hence, to run wild; to be uncontrolled. The gadding vine. Milton. Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy way Jer. ii. 36.


GADABOUT Gada*bout`, n. Defn: A gadder [Colloq.]


GADBEE Gadbee`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The gadfly.


GADDER Gadder, n. Defn: One who roves about idly, a rambling gossip.


GADDING Gadding, a. & n. Defn: Going about much, needlessly or without purpose. Envy is a gadding passion, and walketh the streets. Bacon. The good nuns would check her gadding tongue. Tennyson. Gadding car, in quarrying, a car which carries a drilling machine so arranged as to drill a line of holes.


GADDINGLY Gadding*ly, adv. Defn: In a roving, idle manner.


GADDISH Gaddish, a. Defn: Disposed to gad. -- Gaddish*nes, n. Gaddishness and folly. Abp. Leighton.


GADE Gade, n. Etym: [Cf. Cod the fish.] (Zo?l.) (a) A small British fish (Motella argenteola) of the Cod family. (b) A pike, so called at Moray Firth; -- called also gead. [Prov. Eng.]


GADERE; GADRE Gader*e, Gadre (, v. t. & i. Defn: To gather. [Obs.] Chaucer.


GADFLY Gadfly`, n.; pl. Gadflies. Etym: [Gad + fly.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Any dipterous insect of the genus Oestrus, and allied genera of botflies. Note: The sheep gadfly (Oestrus ovis) deposits its young in the nostrils of sheep, and the larv? develop in the frontal sinuses. The common species which infests cattle (Hypoderma bovis) deposits its eggs upon or in the skin where the larv? or bots live and produce sores called wormels. The gadflies of the horse produce the intestinal parasites called bots. See Botfly, and Bots. The true horseflies are often erroneously called gadflies, and the true gadflies are sometimes incorrectly called breeze flies. Gadfly petrel (Zo?l.), one of several small petrels of the genus Oestrelata.


GADHELIC Gadhelic (gal?k), a. Etym: [See Gaelic.] Defn: Of or pertaining to that division of the Celtic languages, which includes the Irish, Gaelic, and Manx. J. Peile.


GADIC Gadic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, the cod (Gadus); -- applied to an acid obtained from cod-liver oil, viz., gadic acid.


GADITANIAN Gad`i*ta`ni*an, a. Etym: [L. Gaditanus, fr. Gades Cadiz.] Defn: Of or relating to Cadiz, in Spain. -- n. Defn: A native or inhabitant of Cadiz.


GADLING Gadling, n. Etym: [Gad, n. + -ling.] (Medi?val Armor) [R.] Defn: See Gad, n., 4.


GADLING Gadling, a. Etym: [See Gad, v. i.] Defn: Gadding about. [Obs.]


GADLING Gadling, n. Defn: A roving vagabond. [Obs.] Rom. of R.


GADMAN Gadman, n. Defn: A gadsman.


GADOID Gadoid, a. Etym: [NL. gadus cod + -oid: cf. F. gado?de gadoid, Gr. gade.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the family of fishes (Gadid?) which includes the cod, haddock, and hake. -- n. Defn: One of the Gadid?. [Written also gadid.]


GADOLINIA Gad`o*lini*a, n. Etym: [NL. See Gadolinite.] (Chem.) Defn: A rare earth, regarded by some as an oxide of the supposed element gadolinium, by others as only a mixture of the oxides of yttrium, erbium, ytterbium, etc.


GADOLINIC Gad`o*linic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to or containing gadolinium.


GADOLINITE Gado*lin*ite, n. Etym: [Named after Gadolin, a Russian chemist.] (Min.) Defn: A mineral of a nearly black color and vitreous luster, and consisting principally of the silicates of yttrium, cerium, and iron.


GADOLINIUM Gad`o*lini*um, n. Etym: [NL. See Gadolinite.] (Chem.) Defn: A supposed rare metallic element, with a characteristic spectrum, found associated with yttrium and other rare metals. Its individuality and properties have not yet been determined.


GADSMAN Gadsman, n. Defn: One who uses a gad or goad in driving.


GADUIN Gadu*in, n.Etym: [NL. gadus codfish.] (Chem.) Defn: A yellow or brown amorphous substance, of indifferent nature, found in cod-liver oil.


GADWALL Gadwall, n. Etym: [Gad to walk about + well.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A large duck (Anas strepera), valued as a game bird, found in the northern parts of Europe and America; -- called also gray duck. [Written also gaddwell.]


GAEKWAR Gaekwar, n. [Also Gaikwar, Guicowar.] [Marathi gaekwar, prop., a cowherd.] Defn: The title of the ruling Prince of Baroda, in Gujarat, in Bombay, India.


GAEL Gael, n.sing. & pl. Etym: [See Gaelic.] (Ethnol.) Defn: A Celt or the Celts of the Scotch Highlands or of Ireland; now esp., a Scotch Highlander of Celtic origin.


GAELIC Gaelic, a. Etym: [Gael. G?idhealach, Gaelach, from G?idheal, Gael, a Scotch Highlander.] (Ethnol.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Gael, esp. to the Celtic Highlanders of Scotland; as, the Gaelic language.


GAELIC Gaelic, n. Etym: [Gael. Gaelig, G?ilig.] Defn: The language of the Gaels, esp. of the Highlanders of Scotland. It is a branch of the Celtic.


GAFF Gaff, n. Etym: [OE. gaffe, F. gaffe an iron hook with which seamen pull great fishes into their ships; cf. Ir. gaf, gafa hook; perh. akin to G. gabel fork, Skr. gabhasti. CF. Gaffle, Gable.] 1. A barbed spear or a hook with a handle, used by fishermen in securing heavy fish. 2. (Naut.) Defn: The spar upon which the upper edge of a fore-and-aft sail is extended. 3. Same as Gaffle, 1. Wright.


GAFF Gaff, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gaffed; p. pr. & vb. n. Gaffing.] Defn: To strike with a gaff or barbed spear; to secure by means of a gaff; as, to gaff a salmon.


GAFF-TOPSAIL Gaff`-topsail, n. (Naut.) Defn: A small triangular sail having its foot extended upon the gaff and its luff upon the topmast.


GAFFER Gaffer, n. Etym: [Possibly contr. fr. godfather; but prob. fr. gramfer for grandfather. Cf. Gammer.] 1. An old fellow; an aged rustic. Go to each gaffer and each goody. Fawkes. Note: Gaffer was originally a respectful title, now degenerated into a term of familiarity or contempt when addressed to an aged man in humble life. 2. A foreman or overseer of a gang of laborers. [Prov. Eng.]


GAFFLE Gaffle, n. Etym: [Cf. AS. geafl fork, LG., D., Sw., & Dan. gaffel, G. gabel, W. gafl, Ir. & Gael. gabhal. Cf. Gaff.] 1. An artificial spur or gaff for gamecocks. 2. A lever to bend crossbows.


GAG Gag, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gagged; p. pr. & vb. n. Gagging.] Etym: [Prob. fr. W. cegio to choke or strangle, fr. ceg mouth, opening, entrance.] 1. To stop the mouth of, by thrusting sometimes in, so as to hinder speaking; hence, to silence by authority or by violence; not to allow freedom of speech to. Marvell. The time was not yet come when eloquence was to be gagged, and reason to be hood winked. Maccaulay. 2. To pry or hold open by means of a gag. Mouths gagged to such a wideness. Fortescue (Transl. ). 3. To cause to heave with nausea.


GAG Gag, v. i. 1. To heave with nausea; to retch. 2. To introduce gags or interpolations. See Gag, n., 3. [Slang] Cornill Mag.


GAG Gag, n. 1. Sometimes thrust into the mouth or throat to hinder speaking. 2. A mouthful that makes one retch; a choking bit; as, a gag of mutton fat. Lamb. 3. A speech or phrase interpolated offhand by an actor on the stage in his part as written, usually consisting of some seasonable or local allusion. [Slang] Gag rein (Harness), a rein for drawing the bit upward in the horse's mouth. -- Gag runner (Harness), a loop on the throat latch guiding the gag rein.


GAG LAW Gag law. (Parliamentary Law) Defn: A law or ruling prohibiting proper or free debate, as in closure. [Colloq. or Cant]


GAG-TOOTHED Gag-toothed, a. Defn: Having gagteeth. [Obs.]


GAGATE Gagate (; 48), n. Etym: [L. gagates. See Jet a black mineral.] Defn: Agate. [Obs.] Fuller.


GAGE Gage, n. Etym: [F. gage, LL. gadium, wadium; of German origin; cf. Goth. wadi, OHG. wetti, weti, akin to E. wed. See Wed, and cf. Wage, n.] 1. A pledge or pawn; something laid down or given as a security for the performance of some act by the person depositing it, and forfeited by nonperformance; security. Nor without gages to the needy lend. Sandys. 2. A glove, cap, or the like, cast on the ground as a challenge to combat, and to be taken up by the accepter of the challenge; a challenge; a defiance. There I throw my gage. Shak.


GAGE Gage, n. Etym: [So called because an English family named Gage imported the greengage from France, in the last century.] Defn: A variety of plum; as, the greengage; also, the blue gage, frost gage, golden gage, etc., having more or less likeness to the greengage. See Greengage.


GAGE Gage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gaged; p. pr & vb. n. Gaging.] Etym: [Cf. F. gager. See Gage, n., a pledge.] 1. To give or deposit as a pledge or security for some act; to wage or wager; to pawn or pledge. [Obs.] A moiety competent Was gaged by our king. Shak. 2. To bind by pledge, or security; to engage. Great debts Wherein my time, sometimes too prodigal, Hath left me gaged. Shak.


GAGE Gage, n. Defn: A measure or standart. See Gauge, n.


GAGE Gage, v. t. Defn: To measure. See Gauge, v. t. You shall not gage me By what we do to-night. Shak.


GAGER Gager, n. Defn: A measurer. See Gauger.


GAGGER Gagger, n. 1. One who gags. 2. (Founding) Defn: A piece of iron imbedded in the sand of a mold to keep the sand in place.


GAGGLE Gaggle, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Gaggled; p. pr. & vb. n. Gaggling.] Etym: [Of imitative origin; cf. D. gaggelen, gagelen, G. gackeln, gackern, MHG. g, E. giggle, cackle.] Defn: To make a noise like a goose; to cackle. Bacon.


GAGGLE Gaggle, n. Etym: [Cf. Gaggle v. i.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A flock of wild geese. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


GAGTOOTH Gagtooth`, n.; pl. Gagteeth (. Defn: A projecting tooth. [Obs.]


GAHNITE Gahnite, n. Etym: [Named after Gahn, a Swedish chemist.] (Min.) Defn: Zinc spinel; automolite.


GAIDIC Ga*idic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to hypogeic acid; -- applied to an acid obtained from hypogeic acid.


GAIETY Gaie*ty, n. Defn: Same as Gayety.


GAILER Gailer, n. Defn: A jailer. [Obs.] Chaucer.


GAILLARD Gail`lard, a. Etym: [F. See Galliard.] Defn: Gay; brisk; merry; galliard. Chaucer.


GAILLIARDE Gail*liarde, n. Etym: [See Galliard a dance.] Defn: A lively French and Italian dance.


GAILY Gaily, adv. Etym: [From Gay.] Defn: Merrily; showily. See gaily.


GAIN Gain, n. Etym: [Cf. W. gan a mortise.] (Arch.) Defn: A square or beveled notch cut out of a girder, binding joist, or other timber which supports a floor beam, so as to receive the end of the floor beam.


GAIN Gain, a. Etym: [OE. gein, gain, good, near, quick; cf. Icel. gegn ready, serviceable, and gegn, adv., against, opposite. CF. Ahain.] Defn: Convenient; suitable; direct; near; handy; dexterous; easy; profitable; cheap; respectable. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


GAIN Gain, n. Etym: [OE. gain, gein, ga, gain, advantage, Icel. gagn; akin to Sw. gagn, Dan. gavn, cf. Goth. gageigan to gain. The word was prob. influenced by F. gain gain, OF. gaain. Cf. Gain, v. t.] 1. That which is gained, obtained, or acquired, as increase, profit, advantage, or benefit; -- opposed to loss. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Phil. iii. 7. Godliness with contentment is great gain. 1 Tim. vi. 6. Every one shall share in the gains. Shak. 2. The obtaining or amassing of profit or valuable possessions; acquisition; accumulation. The lust of gain. Tennyson.


GAIN Gain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gained; p. pr. & vb. n. Gaining.] Etym: [From gain, n. but. prob. influenced by F. gagner to earn, gain, OF. gaaignier to cultivate, OHG. weidin, weidinen to pasture, hunt, fr. weida pasturage, G. weide, akin to Icel. vei hunting, AS. wa, cf. L. venari to hunt, E. venison. See Gain, n., profit.] 1. To get, as profit or advantage; to obtain or acquire by effort or labor; as, to gain a good living. What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul Matt. xvi. 26. To gain dominion, or to keep it gained. Milton. For fame with toil we gain, but lose with ease. Pope. 2. To come off winner or victor in; to be successful in; to obtain by competition; as, to gain a battle; to gain a case at law; to gain a prize. 3. To draw into any interest or party; to win to one's side; to conciliate. If he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. Matt. xviii. 15. To gratify the queen, and gained the court. Dryden. 4. To reach; to attain to; to arrive at; as, to gain the top of a mountain; to gain a good harbor. Forded Usk and gained the wood. Tennyson. 5. To get, incur, or receive, as loss, harm, or damage. [Obs. or Ironical] Ye should . . . not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss. Acts xxvii. 21. Gained day, the calendar day gained in sailing eastward around the earth. -- To gain ground, to make progress; to advance in any undertaking; to prevail; to acquire strength or extent. -- To gain over, to draw to one's party or interest; to win over. -- To gain the wind (Naut.), to reach the windward side of another ship. Syn. -- To obtain; acquire; get; procure; win; earn; attain; achieve. See Obtain. -- To Gain, Win. Gain implies only that we get something by exertion; win, that we do it in competition with others. A person gains knowledge, or gains a prize, simply by striving for it; he wins a victory, or wins a prize, by taking it in a struggle with others.


GAIN Gain, v. i. Defn: To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to make progress; as, the sick man gains daily. Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by extortion. Ezek. xxii. 12. Gaining twist, in rifled firearms, a twist of the grooves, which increases regularly from the breech to the muzzle. To gain on or upon. (a) To encroach on; as, the ocean gains on the land. (b) To obtain influence with. (c) To win ground upon; to move faster than, as in a race or contest. (d) To get the better of; to have the advantage of. The English have not only gained upon the Venetians in the Levant, but have their cloth in Venice itself. Addison. My good behavior had so far gained on the emperor, that I began to conceive hopes of liberty. Swift.


GAINABLE Gaina*ble, a. Etym: [CF. F. gagnable. See Gain, v. t.] Defn: Capable of being obtained or reached. Sherwood.


GAINAGE Gainage (, 48), n. Etym: [OF. gaignage pasturage, crop, F. gaignage pasturage. See Gain, v. t.] (O. Eng. Law) (a) The horses, oxen, plows, wains or wagons and implements for carrying on tillage. (b) The profit made by tillage; also, the land itself. Bouvier.


GAINER Gainer, n. Defn: One who gains. Shak.


GAINFUL Gainful, a. Defn: Profitable; advantageous; lucrative. A gainful speculation. Macaulay. -- Gainful*ly, adv. -- Gainful*ness, n.


GAINGIVING Gaingiv`ing, n. Etym: [See Again, and Give.] Defn: A misgiving. [Obs.]


GAINLESS Gainless, a. Defn: Not producing gain; unprofitable. Hammond. -- Gainless/ness, n.


GAINLY Gainly, adv. Etym: [See Gain, a.] Defn: Handily; readily; dexterously; advantageously. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


GAINPAIN Gainpain`, n.Etym: [F. gagner to gain + pain bread.] Defn: Bread-gainer; -- a term applied in the Middle Ages to the sword of a hired soldier.


GAINSAY Gain`say ( or ; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gainsaid ( or ); p. pr. & vb. n. Gainsaying.] Etym: [OE. geinseien, ageinseien. See Again, and Say to utter.] Defn: To contradict; to deny; to controvert; to dispute; to forbid. I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist. Luke xxi. 15. The just gods gainsay That any drop thou borrow'dst from thy mother, My sacred aunt, should by my mortal sword Be drained. Shak.


GAINSAYER Gain`sayer, n. Defn: One who gainsays, contradicts, or denies. To convince the gainsayers. Tit. i. 9.


GAINSBOROUGH HAT Gainsborough hat. Defn: A woman's broad-brimmed hat of a form thought to resemble those shown in portraits by Thomas Gainsborough, the English artist (1727- 88).

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