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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60]

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BAA

BAA Baa, v. i. Etym: [Cf. G. b?en; an imitative word.] Defn: To cry baa, or bleat as a sheep. He treble baas for help, but none can get. Sir P. Sidney.

BAA

BAA Baa, n.; pl. Baas. Etym: [Cf. G. b?.] Defn: The cry or bleating of a sheep; a bleat.

BAAING

BAAING Baaing, n. Defn: The bleating of a sheep. Marryat.

BAAL

BAAL Baal, n.; Heb. pl. Baalim (. Etym: [Heb. ba'al lord.] 1. (Myth.) Defn: The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations. Note: The name of this god occurs in the Old Testament and elsewhere with qualifying epithets subjoined, answering to the different ideas of his character; as, Baal-berith (the Covenant Baal), Baal-zebub (Baal of the fly). 2. pl. Defn: The whole class of divinities to whom the name Baal was applied. Judges x. 6.

BAALISM

BAALISM Baal*ism, n. Defn: Worship of Baal; idolatry.

BAALIST; BAALITE

BAALIST; BAALITE Baal*ist, Baal*ite, n. Defn: A worshiper of Baal; a devotee of any false religion; an idolater.

BAB

BAB Bab, n. [Per.] Defn: Lit., gate; -- a title given to the founder of Babism, and taken from that of Bab-ud-Din, assumed by him.

BABA

BABA Baba, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: A kind of plum cake.

BABBITT

BABBITT Babbitt, v. t. Defn: To line with Babbitt metal.

BABBITT METAL

BABBITT METAL Babbitt met`al. Etym: [From the inventor, Isaac Babbitt of Massachusetts.] Defn: A soft white alloy of variable composition (as a nine parts of tin to one of copper, or of fifty parts of tin to five of antimony and one of copper) used in bearings to diminish friction.

BABBLE

BABBLE Babble, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Babbled (p. pr. & vb. n. Babbling.] Etym: [Cf.LG. babbeln, D. babbelen, G. bappeln, bappern, F. babiller, It. babbolare; prob. orig., to keep saying ba, imitative of a child learning to talk.] 1. To utter words indistinctly or unintelligibly; to utter inarticulate sounds; as a child babbles. 2. To talk incoherently; to utter unmeaning words. 3. To talk much; to chatter; to prate. 4. To make a continuous murmuring noise, as shallow water running over stones. In every babbling he finds a friend. Wordsworth. Note: Hounds are said to babble, or to be babbling, when they are too noisy after having found a good scent. Syn. -- To prate; prattle; chatter; gossip.

BABBLE

BABBLE Babble, v. i. 1. To utter in an indistinct or incoherent way; to repeat,as words, in a childish way without understanding. These [words] he used to babble in all companies. Arbuthnot. 2. To disclose by too free talk, as a secret.

BABBLE

BABBLE Babble, n. 1. Idle talk; senseless prattle; gabble; twaddle. This is mere moral babble. Milton. 2. Inarticulate speech; constant or confused murmur. The babble of our young children. Darwin. The babble of the stream. Tennyson.

BABBLEMENT

BABBLEMENT Babble*ment, n. Defn: Babble. Hawthorne.

BABBLER

BABBLER Babbler, n. 1. An idle talker; an irrational prater; a teller of secrets. Great babblers, or talkers, are not fit for trust. L'Estrange. 2. A hound too noisy on finding a good scent. 3. (Zo?l.) Defn: A name given to any one of family (Timalin?) of thrushlike birds, having a chattering note.

BABBLERY

BABBLERY Babble*ry, n. Defn: Babble. [Obs.] Sir T. More

BABE

BABE Babe, n. Etym: [Cf. Ir. bab, baban, W. baban, maban.] 1. An infant; a young child of either sex; a baby. 2. A doll for children. Spenser.

BABEHOOD

BABEHOOD Babehood, n. Defn: Babyhood. [R.] Udall.

BABEL

BABEL Babel, n. Etym: [Heb. Babel, the name of the capital of Babylonia; in Genesis associated with the idea of confusion] 1. The city and tower in the land of Shinar, where the confusion of languages took place. Therefore is the name of it called Babel. Gen. xi. 9. 2. Hence: A place or scene of noise and confusion; a confused mixture of sounds, as of voices or languages. That babel of strange heathen languages. Hammond. The grinding babel of the street. R. L. Stevenson.

BABERY

BABERY Baber*y, n. Etym: [Perh. orig. for baboonery. Cf. Baboon, and also Babe.] Defn: Finery of a kind to please a child. [Obs.] Painted babery. Sir P. Sidney.

BABIAN; BABION

BABIAN; BABION Babi*an, Babi*on, n. Etym: [See Baboon] Defn: A baboon. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

BABILLARD

BABILLARD Babil*lard, n. Etym: [F., a babbler.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The lesser whitethroat of Europe; -- called also babbling warbler.

BABINGTONITE

BABINGTONITE Babing*ton*ite, n. Etym: [From Dr. Babbington.] (Min.) Defn: A mineral occurring in triclinic crystals approaching pyroxene in angle, and of a greenish black color. It is a silicate of iron, manganese, and lime.

BABIROUSSA; BABIRUSSA

BABIROUSSA; BABIRUSSA Bab`i*roussa, Bab`i*russa (, n. Etym: [F. babiroussa, fr.Malay babi hog + r deer.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A large hoglike quadruped (Sus, or Porcus, babirussa) of the East Indies, sometimes domesticated; the Indian hog. Its upper canine teeth or tusks are large and recurved.

BABISH

BABISH Babish, a. Defn: Like a babe; a childish; babyish. [R.] Babish imbecility. Drayton. -- Babish*ly, adv. -- Babish*ness, n. [R.]

BABISM

BABISM Babism, n. Etym: [From Bab (Pers. bab a gate), the title assumed by the founder, Mirza Ali Mohammed.] Defn: The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1843, being a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish and Parsee elements.

BABISM; BABIISM

BABISM; BABIISM Babism, Babi*ism, n. Defn: The doctrine of a modern religious pantheistical sect in Persia, which was founded, about 1844, by Mirza Ali Mohammed ibn Rabhik (1820 -- 1850), who assumed the title of Bab-ed-Din (Per., Gate of the Faith). Babism is a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish, and Parsi elements. This doctrine forbids concubinage and polygamy, and frees women from many of the degradations imposed upon them among the orthodox Mohammedans. Mendicancy, the use of intoxicating liquors and drugs, and slave dealing, are forbidden; asceticism is discountenanced. --Babist, n.

BABIST

BABIST Babist, n. Defn: A believer in Babism.

BABLAH

BABLAH Bablah, n. Etym: [Cf. Per. bab a species of mimosa yielding gum arabic.] Defn: The ring of the fruit of several East Indian species of acacia; neb-neb. It contains gallic acid and tannin, and is used for dyeing drab.

BABOO; BABU

BABOO; BABU Baboo, Babu, n. Etym: [Hind. bab ] Defn: A Hindoo gentleman; native clerk who writes English; also, a Hindoo title answering to Mr. or Esquire. Whitworth.

BABOON

BABOON Bab*oon, n. Etym: [OE. babewin, baboin, fr.F. babouin, or LL. babewynus. Of unknown origin; cf. D. baviaan, G. pavian, baboon, F. babin lip of ape, dogs, etc., dial. G. b?ppe mouth.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Old World Quadrumana, of the genera Cynocephalus and Papio; the dog-faced ape. Baboons have dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. They are mostly African. See Mandrill, and Chacma, and Drill an ape.

BABOONERY

BABOONERY Bab*oonery, n. Defn: Baboonish behavior. Marryat.

BABOONISH

BABOONISH Bab*oonish, a. Defn: Like a baboon.

BABUL; BABOOL

BABUL; BABOOL Ba*bul, Ba*bool, n. [See Bablah.] (Bot.) Defn: Any one of several species of Acacia, esp. A. Arabica, which yelds a gum used as a substitute for true gum arabic. In place of Putney's golden gorse The sickly babul blooms. Kipling.

BABY

BABY Baby, n.; pl. Babies. Etym: [Dim. of babe] Defn: An infant or young child of either sex; a babe. 2. A small image of an infant; a doll. Babies in the eyes, the minute reflection which one sees of one's self in the eyes of another. She clung about his neck, gave him ten kisses, Toyed with his locks, looked babies in his eyes. Heywood.

BABY

BABY Baby, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, an infant; young or little; as, baby swans. Baby figure Shak.

BABY

BABY Baby, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Babied (p. pr. & vb. n.Babying.] Defn: To treat like a young child; to keep dependent; to humor; to fondle. Young.

BABY FARM

BABY FARM Baby farm`. Defn: A place where the nourishment and care of babies are offered for hire.

BABY FARMER

BABY FARMER Baby farm`er. Defn: One who keeps a baby farm.

BABY FARMING

BABY FARMING Baby farm`ing. Defn: The business of keeping a baby farm.

BABY JUMPER

BABY JUMPER Baby jump`er. Defn: A hoop suspended by an elastic strap, in which a young child may be held secure while amusing itself by jumping on the floor.

BABYHOOD

BABYHOOD Baby*hood, n. Defn: The state or period of infancy.

BABYHOUSE

BABYHOUSE Baby*house`, a. Defn: A place for children's dolls and dolls' furniture. Swift.

BABYISH

BABYISH Baby*ish, a. Defn: Like a baby; childish; puerile; simple. -- Baby*ish*ly, adv. -- Baby*ish*ness, n.

BABYISM

BABYISM Baby*ism, n. 1. The state of being a baby. 2. A babyish manner of acting or speaking.

BABYLONIAN

BABYLONIAN Bab`y*loni*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the real or to the mystical Babylon, or to the ancient kingdom of Babylonia; Chaldean.

BABYLONIAN

BABYLONIAN Bab`y*loni*an, n. 1. An inhabitant of Babylonia (which included Chaldea); a Chaldean. 2. An astrologer; -- so called because the Chaldeans were remarkable for the study of astrology.

BABYLONIC; BABYLONICAL

BABYLONIC; BABYLONICAL Bab`y*lonic, Bab`y*lonic*al, a. 1. Pertaining to Babylon, or made there; as Babylonic garments,carpets, or hangings. 2. Tumultuous; disorderly. [Obs.] Sir J. Harrington.

BABYLONISH

BABYLONISH Baby*lo`nish, n. 1. Of or pertaining to, or made in, Babylon or Babylonia. A Babylonish garment. Josh. vii. 21. 2. Pertaining to the Babylon of Revelation xiv.8. 3. Pertaining to Rome and papal power. [Obs.] The . . . injurious nickname of Babylonish. Gape. 4. Confused; Babel-like.

BABYROUSSA; BABYRUSSA

BABYROUSSA; BABYRUSSA Bab`y*roussa, Bab`y*russa, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Babyroussa.

BABYSHIP

BABYSHIP Baby*ship, n. Defn: The quality of being a baby; the personality of an infant.

BAC

BAC Bac, n. Etym: [F. See Back a vat] 1. A broad, flatbottomed ferryboat, usually worked by a rope. 2. A vat or cistern. See 1st Back.

BACCALAUREATE

BACCALAUREATE Bacca*laure*ate, n. Etym: [NL. baccalaureatus, fr.LL. baccalaureus a bachelor of arts, fr. baccalarius, but as if fr L. bacca lauri bayberry, from the practice of the bachelor's wearing a garland of bayberries. See Bachelor.] 1. The degree of bachelor of arts. (B.A. or A.B.), the first or lowest academical degree conferred by universities and colleges. 2. A baccalaureate sermon. [U.S.]

BACCALAUREATE

BACCALAUREATE Bac`ca*laure*ate, a. Defn: Pertaining to a bachelor of arts. Baccalaureate sermon, in some American colleges, a sermon delivered as a farewell discourse to a graduating class.

BACCARA; BACCARAT

BACCARA; BACCARAT Bac`ca*ra, Bac`ca*rat, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: A French game of cards, played by a banker and punters.

BACCARE; BACKARE

BACCARE; BACKARE Bac*care, Bac*kare, interj. Defn: Stand back! give place! -- a cant word of the Elizabethan writers, probably in ridicule of some person who pretended to a knowledge of Latin which he did not possess. Baccare! you are marvelous forward. Shak.

BACCATE

BACCATE Baccate, a. Etym: [L. baccatus, fr. L. bacca berry.] (Bot.) Defn: Pulpy throughout, like a berry; -- said of fruits. Gray.

BACCATED

BACCATED Bacca*ted, a. 1. Having many berries. 2. Set or adorned with pearls. [Obs.]

BACCHANAL

BACCHANAL Baccha*nal, a. Etym: [L. Bacchanalis. See Bacchanalia.] 1. Relating to Bacchus or his festival. 2. Engaged in drunken revels; drunken and riotous or noisy.

BACCHANAL

BACCHANAL Baccha*nal, n. 1. A devotee of Bacchus; one who indulges in drunken revels; one who is noisy and riotous when intoxicated; a carouser. Tipsy bacchanals. Shak. 2. pl. Defn: The festival of Bacchus; the bacchanalia. 3. Drunken revelry; an orgy. 4. A song or dance in honor of Bacchus.

BACCHANALIA

BACCHANALIA Bac`cha*nali*a, n. pl. Etym: [L. Bacchanal a place devoted to Bacchus; in the pl. Bacchanalia a feast of Bacchus, fr. Bacchus the god of wine, Gr. 1. (Myth.) Defn: A feast or an orgy in honor of Bacchus. 2. Hence: A drunken feast; drunken reveler.

BACCHANALIAN

BACCHANALIAN Bac`cha*nali*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the festival of Bacchus; relating to or given to reveling and drunkenness. Even bacchanalian madness has its charms. Cowper.

BACCHANALIAN

BACCHANALIAN Bac`cha*nali*an, n. Defn: A bacchanal; a drunken reveler.

BACCHANALIANISM

BACCHANALIANISM Bac`cha*nali*an*ism, n. Defn: The practice of bacchanalians; bacchanals; drunken revelry.

BACCHANT

BACCHANT Bacchant, n.; pl. E. Bacchants, L. Bacchantes. Etym: [L. bacchans, - antis, p. pr. of bacchari to celebrate the festival of Bacchus.] 1. A priest of Bacchus. 2. A bacchanal; a reveler. Croly.

BACCHANT

BACCHANT Bacchant, a. Defn: Bacchanalian; fond of drunken revelry; wine-loving; reveling; carousing. Byron.

BACCHANTE

BACCHANTE Bacchante, n.; L. pl. Bacchantes. 1. A priestess of Bacchus. 2. A female bacchanal.

BACCHANTIC

BACCHANTIC Bac*chantic, a. Defn: Bacchanalian.

BACCHIC; BACCHICAL

BACCHIC; BACCHICAL Bacchic, Bacchic*al, a. Etym: [L. Bacchicus, Gr. Defn: Of or relating to Bacchus; hence, jovial, or riotous,with intoxication.

BACCHIUS

BACCHIUS Bac*chius, n.; pl. Bacchii. Etym: [L. Bacchius pes, Gr. (Pros.) Defn: A metrical foot composed of a short syllable and two long ones; according to some, two long and a short.

BACCHUS

BACCHUS Bacchus, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Myth.) Defn: The god of wine, son of Jupiter and Semele.

BACCIFEROUS

BACCIFEROUS Bac*cifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. baccifer; bacca berry + ferre to bear] Defn: Producing berries. Bacciferous trees. Ray.

BACCIFORM

BACCIFORM Bacci*form, a. Etym: [L. bacca berry + -form. ] Defn: Having the form of a berry.

BACCIVOROUS

BACCIVOROUS Bac*civo*rous, a. Etym: [L. bacca berry + varare to devour.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Eating, or subsisting on, berries; as, baccivorous birds.

BACE

BACE Bace, n., a., & v. Defn: See Base. [Obs.] Spenser.

BACHARACH; BACKARACK

BACHARACH; BACKARACK Bacha*rach, Backa*rack, n. Defn: A kind of wine made at Bacharach on the Rhine.

BACHELOR

BACHELOR Bache*lor, n. Etym: [OF. bacheler young man, F. bachelier (cf.Pr. bacalar, Sp.bachiller, Pg. bacharel, It. baccalare), LL. baccalarius the tenant of a kind of farm called baccalaria, a soldier not old or rich enough to lead his retainers into battle with a banner, person of an inferior academical degree aspiring to a doctorate. In the latter sense, it was afterward changed to baccalaureus. See Baccalaureate, n.] 1. A man of any age who has not been married. As merry and mellow an old bachelor as ever followed a hound. W. Irving. 2. An unmarried woman. [Obs.] B. Jonson. 3. A person who has taken the first or lowest degree in the liberal arts, or in some branch of science, at a college or university; as, a bachelor of arts. 4. A knight who had no standard of his own, but fought under the standard of another in the field; often, a young knight. 5. In the companies of London tradesmen, one not yet admitted to wear the livery; a junior member. [Obs.] 6. (Zo?l.) Defn: A kind of bass, an edible fresh-water fish (Pomoxys annularis) of the southern United States.

BACHELOR

BACHELOR'S BUTTON Bache*lor's button Defn: , (Bot.) A plant with flowers shaped like buttons; especially, several species of Ranunculus, and the cornflower (Centaures cyanus) and globe amaranth (Gomphrena). Note: Bachelor's buttons, a name given to several flowers from their similitude to the jagged cloathe buttons, anciently worne in this kingdom, according to Johnson's Gerarde, p.472 (1633); but by other writers ascribed to a habit of country fellows to carry them in their pockets to divine their success with their sweethearts. Dr. Prior.

BACHELORDOM

BACHELORDOM Bache*lor*dom, n. Defn: The state of bachelorhood; the whole body of bachelors.

BACHELORHOOD

BACHELORHOOD Bache*lor*hood, n. Defn: The state or condition of being a bachelor; bachelorship.

BACHELORISM

BACHELORISM Bache*lor*ism, n. Defn: Bachelorhood; also, a manner or peculiarity belonging to bachelors. W. Irving.

BACHELORSHIP

BACHELORSHIP Bache*lor*ship, n. Defn: The state of being a bachelor.

BACHELRY

BACHELRY Bachel*ry, n. Etym: [OF. bachelerie.] Defn: The body of young aspirants for knighthood. [Obs.] Chaucer.

BACILLAR

BACILLAR Ba*cillar, a. Etym: [L. bacillum little staff.] (Biol.) Defn: Shaped like a rod or staff.

BACILLARIAE

BACILLARIAE Bacil*la`ri*?, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr.L. bacillum, dim. of baculum stick.] (Biol.) Defn: See Diatom.

BACILLARY

BACILLARY Bacil*la*ry, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to little rods; rod-shaped.

BACILLIFORM

BACILLIFORM Ba*cilli*form, a. Etym: [L. bacillum little staff + -form.] Defn: Rod-shaped.

BACILLUS

BACILLUS Ba*cillus, n.; pl. Bacilli (. Etym: [NL., for L. bacillum. See Bacillarle.] (Biol.) Defn: A variety of bacterium; a microscopic, rod-shaped vegetable organism.

BACK

BACK Back, n. Etym: [F. bac: cf. Arm. bak tray, bowl.] 1. A large shallow vat; a cistern, tub, or trough, used by brewers, distillers, dyers, picklers, gluemakers, and others, for mixing or cooling wort, holding water, hot glue, etc. Hop back, Jack back, the cistern which receives the infusion of malt and hops from the copper. -- Wash back, a vat in which distillers ferment the wort to form wash. -- Water back, a cistern to hold a supply of water; esp. a small cistern at the back of a stove, or a group of pipes set in the fire box of a stove or furnace, through which water circulates and is heated. 2. A ferryboat. See Bac, 1

BACK

BACK Back, n. Etym: [As b?c, bac; akin to Icel., Sw., & LG. bak, Dan. bag; cf. OHG. bahho ham, Skr. bhaj to turn, OSlav. b flight. Cf. Bacon.] 1. In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the spine; in other animals, that part of the body which corresponds most nearly to such part of a human being; as, the back of a horse, fish, or lobster. 2. An extended upper part, as of a mountain or ridge. [The mountains] their broad bare backs upheave Into the clouds. Milton. 3. The outward or upper part of a thing, as opposed to the inner or lower part; as, the back of the hand, the back of the foot, the back of a hand rail. Methought Love pitying me, when he saw this, Gave me your hands, the backs and palms to kiss. Donne. 4. The part opposed to the front; the hinder or rear part of a thing; as, the back of a book; the back of an army; the back of a chimney. 5. The part opposite to, or most remote from, that which fronts the speaker or actor; or the part out of sight, or not generally seen; as, the back of an island, of a hill, or of a village. 6. The part of a cutting tool on the opposite side from its edge; as, the back of a knife, or of a saw. 7. A support or resource in reserve. This project Should have a back or second, that might hold, If this should blast in proof. Shak. 8. (Naut.) Defn: The keel and keelson of a ship. 9. (Mining) Defn: The upper part of a lode, or the roof of a horizontal underground passage. 10. A garment for the back; hence, clothing. A bak to walken inne by daylight. Chaucer. Behind one's back, when one is absent; without one's knowledge; as, to ridicule a person behind his back. -- Full back, Half back, Quarter back (Football), players stationed behind those in the front line. -- To be or lie on one's back, to be helpless. -- To put, or get, one's back up, to assume an attitude of obstinate resistance (from the action of a cat when attacked.). [Colloq.] -- To see the back of, to get rid of. -- To turn the back, to go away; to flee. -- To turn the back on one, to forsake or neglect him.

BACK

BACK Back, a. 1. Being at the back or in the rear; distant; remote; as, the back door; back settlements. 2. Being in arrear; overdue; as, back rent. 3. Moving or operating backward; as, back action. Back charges, charges brought forward after an account has been made up. -- Back filling (Arch.), the mass of materials used in filling up the space between two walls, or between the inner and outer faces of a wall, or upon the haunches of an arch or vault. -- Back pressure. (Steam Engine) See under Pressure. -- Back rest, a guide attached to the slide rest of a lathe, and placed in contact with the work, to steady it in turning. -- Back slang, a kind of slang in which every word is written or pronounced backwards; as, nam for man. -- Back stairs, stairs in the back part of a house; private stairs. Also used adjectively. See Back stairs, Backstairs, and Backstair, in the Vocabulary. -- Back step (Mil.), the retrograde movement of a man or body of men, without changing front. -- Back stream, a current running against the main current of a stream; an eddy. -- To take the back track, to retrace one's steps; to retreat. [Colloq.]

BACK

BACK Back, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Backed (; p. pr. & vb. n. Backing.] 1. To get upon the back of; to mount. I will back him [a horse] straight. Shak. 2. To place or seat upon the back. [R.] Great Jupiter, upon his eagle backed, Appeared to me. Shak. 3. To drive or force backward; to cause to retreat or recede; as, to back oxen. 4. To make a back for; to furnish with a back; as, to back books. 5. To adjoin behind; to be at the back of. A garden . . . with a vineyard backed. Shak. The chalk cliffs which back the beach. Huxley. 6. To write upon the back of; as, to back a letter; to indorse; as, to back a note or legal document. 7. To support; to maintain; to second or strengthen by aid or influence; as, to back a friend. Parliament would be backed by the people. Macaulay. Have still found it necessary to back and fortify their laws with rewards and punishments. South. The mate backed the captain manfully. Blackw. Mag. 8. To bet on the success of; -- as, to back a race horse. To back an anchor (Naut.), to lay down a small anchor ahead of a large one, the cable of the small one being fastened to the crown of the large one. -- To back the field, in horse racing, to bet against a particular horse or horses, that some one of all the other horses, collectively designated the field, will win. -- To back the oars, to row backward with the oars. -- To back a rope, to put on a preventer. -- To back the sails, to arrange them so as to cause the ship to move astern. -- To back up, to support; to sustain; as, to back up one's friends. -- To back a warrant (Law), is for a justice of the peace, in the county where the warrant is to be executed, to sign or indorse a warrant, issued in another county, to apprehend an offender. -- To back water (Naut.), to reverse the action of the oars, paddles, or propeller, so as to force the boat or ship backward.

BACK

BACK Back, v. i. 1. To move or go backward; as, the horse refuses to back. 2. (Naut.) Defn: To change from one quarter to another by a course opposite to that of the sun; -- used of the wind. 3. (Sporting) Defn: To stand still behind another dog which has poined; -- said of a dog. [Eng.] To back and fill, to manage the sails of a ship so that the wind strikes them alternately in front and behind, in order to keep the ship in the middle of a river or channel while the current or tide carries the vessel against the wind. Hence: (Fig.) To take opposite positions alternately; to assert and deny. [Colloq.] -- To back out, To back down, to retreat or withdraw from a promise, engagement, or contest; to recede. [Colloq.] Cleon at first . . . was willing to go; but, finding that he [Nicias] was in earnest, he tried to back out. Jowett (Thucyd. )

BACK

BACK Back, adv. Etym: [Shortened from aback.] 1. In, to, or toward, the rear; as, to stand back; to step back. 2. To the place from which one came; to the place or person from which something is taken or derived; as, to go back for something left behind; to go back to one's native place; to put a book back after reading it. 3. To a former state, condition, or station; as, to go back to private life; to go back to barbarism. 4. ( Of time) In times past; ago. Sixty or seventy years back. Gladstone. 5. Away from contact; by reverse movement. The angel of the Lord . . . came, and rolled back the stone from the door. Matt. xxvii. 2. 6. In concealment or reserve; in one's own possession; as, to keep back the truth; to keep back part of the money due to another. 7. In a state of restraint or hindrance. The Lord hath kept thee back from honor. Numb. xxiv. 11. 8. In return, repayment, or requital. What have I to give you back! Shak. 9. In withdrawal from a statement, promise, or undertaking; as, he took back0 the offensive words. 10. In arrear; as, to be back in one's rent. [Colloq.] Back and forth, backwards and forwards; to and fro. -- To go back on, to turn back from; to abandon; to betray; as, to go back on a friend; to go back on one's professions. [Colloq.]

BACK DOOR

BACK DOOR Back door. Defn: A door in the back part of a building; hence, an indirect way. Atterbury.

BACK FIRE

BACK FIRE Back fire. (a) A fire started ahead of a forest or prairie fire to burn only against the wind, so that when the two fires meet both must go out for lack of fuel. (b) A premature explosion in the cylinder of a gas or oil engine during the exhaust or the compression stroke, tending to drive the piston in a direction reverse to that in which it should travel; also, an explosion in the exhaust passages of such ah engine.

BACK STAIRS

BACK STAIRS Back stairs`. Defn: Stairs in the back part of a house, as distinguished from the front stairs; hence, a private or indirect way.

BACK-FIRE

BACK-FIRE Back-fire`, v. i. 1. (Engin.) Defn: To have or experience a back fire or back fires; -- said of an internal-combustion engine. 2. Of a Bunsen or similar air-fed burner, to light so that the flame proceeds from the internal gas jet instead of from the external jet of mixed gas and air. -- Back-fir`ing, n.

BACKARACK

BACKARACK Backa*rack, n. Defn: See Bacharach.

BACKARE

BACKARE Bac*kare, interj. Defn: Same as Baccare.

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